美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国务卿:美泰关系乃历史性的2017-08-22
The U.S.-Thailand relationship is historic, said U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson on a recent visit. We have been treaty partners for over 184 years, and we've been allies for over 60, and we want to continue to grow that relationship.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:避免埃塞俄比亚和肯尼亚出现饥荒2017-08-22
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, or FEWS NET, a U.S. government-funded provider of information and analysis on food insecurity, is signaling that the hunger and nutrition situation in southeastern Ethiopia is deteriorating, with numerous househol
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:叙利亚知名权利活动家死亡2017-08-19
It seems that President Bashar al-Assad's voracious prison network has swallowed and silenced another individual whose peaceful views were an affront to the Syrian regime.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯再因格鲁吉亚问题被谴责2017-08-19
It's been 9 years since Russia recognized the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, after Russia waged a brief but deadly war with Georgia in 2008. Hundreds died and more than 190,000 people were displaced in the 5-day
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:东盟应对朝鲜导弹威胁2017-08-18
The Foreign Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, reiterated their grave concerns over the escalation of tensions in the Korean Peninsula, including the most recent testing by North Korea of intercontinental ballistic missiles
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:南苏丹交战各方必须遵守停火协议2017-08-17
For much of its brief existence, South Sudan has been has been mired in a civil war, a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and forced some 4 million to flee their homes, creating Africa's worst refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genoc
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:加快打击ISIS的行动2017-08-14
The campaign against ISIS has dramatically accelerated over the past six months. Since 2014, when ISIS was at the height of its power, the group has lost about 78 percent of the territory it used to hold in Iraq, and about 58 percent of the territory it u
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:巴尔干半岛的历史性时刻2017-08-14
Virtually every state in the Western Balkans has recently held free and fair national elections, with the participation of all political parties, and with results that reflected the will of the people. This is a historic accomplishment, said Vice Presiden
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国对卢旺达选举表示担忧2017-08-13
The United States congratulates the people of Rwanda on their active and peaceful participation in the presidential election held August 4. More than 6.6 million Rwandans cast ballots for Mr. Kagame, according to the official tally, though this number app
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:联合国对朝鲜实施新的制裁2017-08-11
The United Nations Security Council has passed additional sanctions aimed at increasing economic pressure on North Korea to end its nuclear weapons and missile development program.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:铭记辛加尔大屠杀2017-08-11
August marks the third anniversary of the assault by ISIS terrorists on the Yezidi community in northern Iraq, during which they sought to destroy this people and their culture. The brutality of the events marked both a disaster for the Yezidi community,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:评估和反击来自伊朗的威胁2017-08-10
At a briefing to reporters at the State Department, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the Trump administration continues to evaluate the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the nuclear deal with Iran known as the JCPOA:
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:联合国与科技巨头合作教授马拉维女孩知识2017-08-05
The United States has partnered with the United Nations Foundation's Girl Up campaign, Intel Corporation, Google, and other partners to lead the third annual Women in Science Girls STEAM Camp, to enable to girls to study the science, technology, engineer
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:副总统彭斯访问爱沙尼亚2017-08-05
On his recent trip to Estonia, Vice President Mike Pence reiterated America's support for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania saying, America stands with the nations and the people of the Baltic States—and always will.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:朝鲜发射另一枚洲际弹道导弹2017-08-04
The United States strongly condemns North Korea's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile, the second in the month of July, in blatant violation of multiple United Nations Security Council resolutions that reflect the will of the international co
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:反简易爆炸装置2017-08-04
Home-made bombs, known as Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, are used by terrorists not only to attack opposition military forces, but also increasingly to harm civilian populations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2016年全球恐怖主义报告2017-08-02
According to the State Department's annual terrorism report for 2016, ISIS remained the most capable terrorist organization, directing and inspiring terror cells, networks, and individuals around the world. But it suffered a long string of defeats, losin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国际开发署向海地提供营养支持2017-08-02
Haitians will get a boost in nutrition thanks to a joint program between United States Agency for International Development, or USAID, and government of Haiti. On July 21st, U.S. Chargé d'Affaires Brian Shukan joined with Haiti's Ministry of Health, USA
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:让阿萨德政权负起责任2017-07-29
The United States applauds the Council of the European Union's recent decision to sanction sixteen Syrian military officials and scientists for their roles in the development and use of chemical weapons on civilian populations on behalf of Syrian Preside
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯需要尊重宗教自由2017-07-28
The Russian Supreme Court recently upheld a ban against the Jehovah's Witnesses after the Russian Justice Ministry labeled the Jehovah's Witnesses an extremist group in April. It is the latest in a disturbing trend of persecution of religious minorities
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:维和人员培训在孟加拉国相关人员2017-07-27
The United States is proud to work with its partner, Bangladesh, to support the United Nations in providing needed peacekeeping to conflict areas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:解放摩苏尔成打击ISIS重要里程碑2017-07-26
The liberation of Mosul is a critical milestone in the global fight against ISIS. This victory, and every significant victory of the campaign, was achieved with the support of the 73-member nation Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, and with Iraqi Security F
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:一场值得付出代价的战斗2017-07-25
In his recent keynote address in Warsaw, President Donald Trump spoke of the fight waged by the Polish people in the twentieth century against the totalitarian forces of Nazism and Communism, and praised Poland as an example for others who seek freedom an
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国加大对非洲和也门的人道主义援助2017-07-21
In early July, President Donald Trump announced an additional nearly $639 million of humanitarian aid for the estimated 20 million people affected by food insecurity and violence in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:7月11日——南苏丹独立六周年纪念日2017-07-18
July 11th marked the 6th anniversary of South Sudan's independence. But South Sudan and its people are suffering, the treasury is empty, and so President Salva Kiir cancelled the celebration.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国和卡塔尔签署谅解备忘录2017-07-16
The United States and Qatar have signed a memorandum of understanding laying out a series of steps aimed at stopping the flow of financial support to terrorist groups and at intensifying the two countries' global counterterrorism activities.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国将继续制裁俄罗斯2017-07-16
U.S. sanctions on Russia will remain until Russia reverses the actions that triggered those sanctions, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson stated at a recent press conference in Kyiv. In the case of eastern Ukraine, that means full implementation of the Mins
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:安理会必须对伊朗的违规行为作出回应2017-07-14
The UN Secretary General recently released his biannual report on implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231. In it, he confirmed that all parties, including Iran, are living up to their commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:暴力在纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫蔓延2017-07-14
The United States is deeply concerned over the recent violations of the ceasefire in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which have resulted in multiple reported civilian and military casualties, including a young child. In a statement issued July 6, the State
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:ISIS最美好的时光已一去不复返2017-07-14
In 2014, although no one knew it at the time, ISIS had reached its high point. In June of that year, said Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIS Brett McGurk, Mosul, a city of nearly 2 million people, fell to ISIS; and its lea
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:打击墨西哥毒品走私犯2017-07-13
The United States is in the midst of its most severe drug epidemic since the 1980s. Indeed, although the flow of illicit narcotics across the U.S. border with Mexico threatens people in both countries, in the United States, heroin use has reached the leve
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国称伊朗打击人口贩卖不够“给力”2017-07-12
An estimated 20 million people around the world are victims of the heinous crime of human trafficking. This year, the State Department's Trafficking in Persons report places particular focus on the responsibility of governments to hold offenders accounta
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:国际合作打击跨国犯罪2017-07-12
Every aspect of transnational crime has wide-spread negative consequences, causing serious harm to every society, at every level.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:越南人权人士被判10年监禁2017-07-08
A Vietnamese court recently sentenced blogger and human rights activist Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh to 10 years in prison.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:印度总理莫迪访问白宫2017-07-08
President Donald Trump recently welcomed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the White House, where both leaders reinforced the close ties between the United States and India.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:部分旅行禁令生效2017-07-07
President Donald Trump's executive order temporarily suspending entry into the U.S. by nationals of six countries which present terrorism concerns is now being partially implemented.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国民众庆祝独立日2017-07-07
The United States declared independence from Great Britain in 1776 to secure for all Americans their unalienable rights. These rights include, but are not limited to, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:联合国人权理事会成功闭幕2017-07-07
At the recently concluded session of the UN Human Rights Council, the U.S. played a key role in shaping the international response to urgent human rights situations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:ISIS最美好的时光已一去不复返2017-07-04
In 2014, although no one knew it at the time, ISIS had reached its high point. In June of that year, said Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIS Brett McGurk, Mosul, a city of nearly 2 million people, fell to ISIS; and its lea
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗新闻自由受到威胁2017-07-04
Human rights monitors are deploring the continuing crackdown on freedom of expression in Iran.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国空袭杀死基地组织头目2017-07-02
A U.S. airstrike this month killed an al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula senior leader in Yemen's Shabwah governorate, according to U.S. Central Command. Abu Khattab al Awlaqi, the emir for al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula was killed along with two of hi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:促进萨尔瓦多、洪都拉斯和危地马拉交界地区的安全与繁荣2017-06-29
To address the economic, security, and governance issues facing the countries of the Northern Triangle, the United States and Mexico co-hosted in mid-June a high-level Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国驻联合国大使称非盟不可或缺2017-06-28
The African Union is an indispensable partner to both America and the United Nations in promoting peace and security to Africa, said U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:帮助非洲摆脱饥荒2017-06-28
Across South Sudan, Yemen, Nigeria, and Somalia,20 million people are at risk for famine, said U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果政府和民兵组织的暴行必须停止2017-06-27
The United States has recently been made aware of new reports of the Congolese government and militias engaging in horrific human rights violations and abuses in the Kasai regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or DRC.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:支持尼泊尔提高灾难应急能力2017-06-27
The U.S. Mission to Nepal, in partnership with the Government of Nepal, recently conducted a handover ceremony in Kathmandu for a Regional Crisis Management Center and commenced the bilateral special operations training exercise Balance Nail 17-3 at the C
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:海地的成功企业家2017-06-25
The U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, and the Pan American Development Foundation, known as PADF, celebrated the success of dozens of Haitian entrepreneurs supported by the LEAD program at a large exposition at the Karibe Hotel in Port-
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:支持刚果民主进程2017-06-23
This month, the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control or OFAC, sanctioned a senior Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) official pursuant to an Executive Order which authorizes sanctions in light of activities that threaten
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国援助巴勒斯坦的资金遭滥用2017-06-23
Since the mid-1990's when limited self-rule was established in the West Bank and Gaza, the United States has contributed more than $5 billion in economic and non-lethal security assistance to the Palestinians. Under President Donald Trump, that assistanc
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:特朗普称罗马尼亚是击败ISIS的重要成员2017-06-22
President Donald Trump recently welcomed Romania's President Klaus Iohannis to the White House. Romania, said President Trump, has been a valuable member of the coalition to defeat ISIS, and it's the fourth-largest contributor of troops in Afghanistan.
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