美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国规范少数民族取名规则2017-04-24
Mecca, Saddam, Hajj, Islam and Medina are among the names that parents in China's northwestern Xinjiang area are not permitted to give their children.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:失踪的罗奇亚儿童或是人口贩子受害者2017-04-24
There have been widespread reports of Rohingya refugee children disappearing in Bangladesh. These disappearances have ignited fears of kidnapping and human trafficking.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家研究减少大气中的二氧化碳2017-04-24
Scientists are studying how a natural geological process in the mountains of Oman can give clues for ways to clean carbon dioxide from the air.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:泰国政府整治曼谷街边小吃2017-04-23
Bangkok, Thailand has been recognized as having the best street food in the world. But officials have announced plans to ban the food vendors in an effort to clean up the city.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:纽约欲提高香烟税2017-04-23
Is $13 a pack too much money to spend on a pack of cigarettes? New York City officials hope so. They believe that raising the price from $10.50 to $13 will persuade people to give up a habit health officials say can kill them.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Facebook欲研发意念控制计算机技术2017-04-22
Facebook is developing a technology that it says will be able to transfer thoughts directly from the brain to a computer. The company’s goal is for users to be able to type at least 100 words per minute based on signals sent from their brains.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:国土安全部主管维护“强硬”的方法2017-04-22
Former Marine general John Kelly says he is tired of his workers being criticized for enforcing the law. And he warns that some terrorists are trying to enter the US through Europe
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南解禁敏感流行歌曲2017-04-22
Vietnam’s government lifted the ban on a popular anti-war song, N? i Vòng Tay L? n or The Great Circle of Vietnam, after just one day of public outcry.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:法国加强周末选举安保2017-04-22
Security has been tightened across France after a suspected terrorist attack killed a police officer ahead of the country’s presidential election on Sunday.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国对外招商共同开发南海石油和天然气2017-04-21
But foreign companies may not want to take part in the project because other governments claim the waters China wants to be explored
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:委内瑞拉反对派承诺继续抗争2017-04-21
Opponents of the Venezuelan government have promised to continue street protests aimed at forcing out President Nicolas Maduro.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:津巴布韦微小企业使用家畜和车辆抵押贷款2017-04-21
Zimbabwe’s finance minister is seeking a bill that would let farmers to use cows and vehicles to secure loans from banks. The move is an effort to make credit easier to get for the country’s small businesses.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:网球名将小威廉姆斯怀孕了2017-04-21
In January when Serena Williams won the Australian Open, she was already about two months pregnant.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国计划开发雄安新区2017-04-21
The area will be three times as large as New York City; the government hopes it will become a center of innovation and technology.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:马来西亚航空实现全线实时监控飞机2017-04-21
Malaysia Airlines says it will soon become the first airline to use a wordwide real-time satellite tracking system on its planes. The announcement came three years after a Malaysia Airlines plane, flight MH370, disappeared on its way from Kuala Lumpur to
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:塑料瓶子变成环保鞋子2017-04-19
Every day, millions of Americans drink water and other beverages from plastic bottles, then throw them away. Now a couple of businessmen in San Francisco found a way to put some of those to good use. They recycle the plastic and use it to make shoes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国总统下令更改H1-B签证程序2017-04-19
Donald Trump signs executive order directing federal agencies to propose changes to the H1-B temporary visa program that is used to bring highly skilled foreign workers to the United States
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:星巴克推“独角兽”星冰乐:未来五天限量供应2017-04-19
This is What’s Trending Today. A unicorn is an imaginary animal that looks like a horse. It has one straight horn growing from the middle of its head. It is a magical beast, and thought to have special powers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:前微软CEO鲍尔默推新项目监控政府税收去向2017-04-19
Former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer has launched a new project to help people find out where government tax money actually goes. Ballmer reportedly spent more than $10 million developing the project with a research team over the past three years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:马来西亚因南海问题对中国货轮区别对待2017-04-19
Chinese coast guard boats were discovered in a part of sea claimed by Malaysia. This puts pressure on Malaysia to change its normally passive response to China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:波兰工程师研发空气净化设备2017-04-19
In Poland, researchers have invented some simple technology that may help to reduce air pollution. The device looks like a normal pipe.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:动物园直播长颈鹿分娩全过程2017-04-19
April the giraffe, who lives at a zoo in New York State, finally gave birth on Saturday.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普主持白宫复活节彩蛋活动2017-04-19
The White House Easter Egg Roll is one of the most important public relations events of the year
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国多家大型连锁店艰难度日2017-04-19
Sears and other retail businesses have announced plans to close stores. Some experts say the way Americans purchase clothing and other products is changing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究发现史前人类或营养不足2017-04-19
British scientist says Neanderthals and early humans may have hunted, killed and eaten each other. But the main reason was not to provide food. Humans, he says, did not provide as many calories as animals hunted by early humans.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:非营利基金的一万年计划2017-04-19
The Long Now Foundation works to save dying languages, reduce disease and solve problems like climate change. The group says such issues require long-term thinking.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:乌干达以积极政策迎接难民2017-04-19
Uganda Is the World’s Most Welcoming Country for Refugees. Its liberal refugee policy offers newcomers economic opportunity, shelter and freedom of movement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:丰田开发机械腿帮助残疾人正常行走2017-04-19
The Japanese carmaker will rent out the robotic legs to medical centers in Japan. The legs sense patients’ reactions to help them recover from stokes and other diseases that cause paralysis. The market for health care-related robotic devices is growing qu
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究发现厄尔尼诺与霍乱之间的联系2017-04-19
New research finds that effects of the weather event known as ‘El Niño’ can cause an increase in cholera cases in East Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:人工智能“冷扑大师”完胜德州扑克大战2017-04-19
An artificial intelligence program has again beaten a group of human poker players to win $792,000 in virtual money. The AI program won during a recent competition against six experienced poker players in China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Facebook大规模封号以打击假新闻2017-04-19
Facebook says it is canceling accounts for people who use fake names to put up fake stories. The announcement comes at the same time Facebook cancelled 30,000 accounts in France just before the country’s presidential election. Facebook said it wanted to r
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普致信越南总统 欲多方面加强合作2017-04-19
Vietnam’s president recently received a letter from U.S. President Donald Trump expressing his desire to cooperate on issues related to trade and the South China Sea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:报告称宗教仇恨增加2017-04-19
As Christians in Egypt ask for more security after two deadly church bombings, a new report says hostility toward certain religious beliefs is on the rise. The report was done by the Pew Research Center.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国警告朝鲜勿作死 与韩国修好关系2017-04-19
As US Navy ships head toward the Korean Peninsula, a report says the North is preparing for a sixth nuclear test
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:巴西人厌恶支付税收给皇室的后裔2017-04-19
A special property tax collected in the Brazilian city of Petropolis pays the descendants of Brazil’s former rulers. The law was established more than 100 years ago. Many Brazilians consider the old law an example of the country’s social injustice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国在阿富汗丢下最大的非核炸弹2017-04-19
The U.S. Defense Department says its military plane dropped the largest non-nuclear bomb ever used in combat, a 10,000-kilogram bomb, on an Islamic State target in Afghanistan.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“华尔街铜牛”作者要求撤除“无畏女孩”2017-04-19
This is What’s Trending Today. Arturo Di Modica is an Italian-American artist. In 1989, he created a bronze sculpture known as Charging Bull. That year, just before Christmas, he placed it in front of the New York Stock Exchange in the middle of the night
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世界第一DJ保罗·欧肯弗德珠峰直播2017-04-19
Britain’s star DJ Paul Oakenfold traveled to the base of Mount Everest to perform at the highest party on earth.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国规划修建11条超级高铁线路2017-04-19
Groups recently met in Washington D.C. to present proposals for a Hyperloop transportation system. The company Hyperloop One is bringing attention to the electromagnetic system that could reach speeds of more than 1,200 kilometers an hour.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:伦敦测试GATEway无人驾驶车2017-04-19
Harry is part of an experiment called GATEway that is testing how people react to driverless vehicles. The name GATEway is short for Greenwich Automated Transport Environment. The experiment aims to help cities prepare for the future of transportation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:特朗普欲向尼日利亚出售战机以打击博科圣地2017-04-19
The Trump administration has said it will move forward with a sale of attack aircraft to Nigeria to help in the fight against Boko Haram.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国试图说服俄罗斯支持结束阿萨德政权2017-04-19
U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has traveled to Moscow in an effort to persuade Russia to end support for Syrian leader Bashar al Assad. Tillerson’s trip follows last week’s deadly chemical attack on civilians in Syria that U.S. officials have blame
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国将驱逐4000名索马里人返国2017-04-19
Somalia’s ambassador to the United States says his embassy has learned that U.S. immigration officers plan to deport about 4,000 Somali nationals. Ahmed Isse Awad is the Somali ambassador to the U.S. He spoke to the Voice of America’s Somali service on Sa
VOA慢速英语:Global Outrage over Video of Man Pulled from Plane2017-04-19
Police dragged a man off a United Airlines plane late Sunday night, upsetting people around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:机器人帮助自闭症儿童学习社交技巧2017-04-19
Researchers in Britain have made a child-sized robot to help autistic children learn social skills. The robot, called Kaspar, can improve their ability to communicate with adults and other children.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:世界各界谴责埃及教堂爆炸袭击2017-04-19
The day after at least 45 people were killed in terrorist attacks, Egyptian Christians were burying their dead. Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks. And a state of emergency into effect because of fears of more violence.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美政府放弃要求推特提交“反特朗普”用户身份2017-04-19
In a Tweet, the American Civil Liberties Union called the government’s decision to withdraw its request a big victory for free speech and the right to dissent
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:西班牙选手加西亚赢得美国高尔夫球大师赛冠军2017-04-19
This is What’s Trending Today. Many sports fans got to know Sergio Garcia of Spain in 1999. He was just 19 years old when he made one of the most memorable shots of that year’s Professional Golf Association (PGA) Championship tournament.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国游客到访中国南海争议岛屿2017-04-19
China, Malaysia and Vietnam let tourists visit small islands in the Sea. Taiwan is making long-term plans. Experts warn about the risk.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:走进明尼苏达州的索马里裔美国人2017-04-19
Youth groups in Minnesota hope a basketball competition will help keep Somali-Americans away from drugs, violence and extremism.
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