美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家利用技术改变生物基因2018-05-21
Scientists are using new advances in artificial technology to change human biology.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国博物馆展示了牙齿和牙医工具的历史2018-05-21
Most people do not look forward to going to the dentist. But they might actually enjoy visiting an American museum that explores the history of teeth and dentistry.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世界银行行长呼吁改善贫困地区卫生和教育状况2018-05-21
The fight against poverty needs to work aggressively on improving the health and education of young people and the defenseless.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国休斯顿高中又发生枪击案 至少10人死亡2018-05-20
A gunman killed at least 10 people, most of them students, at a high school near Houston, Texas, on Friday state officials said. At least ten others are wounded. It was the deadliest attack in the United States since a school shooting in Parkland, Florida
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:破坏臭氧的化学物质含量再次上升2018-05-20
Scientists have found evidence that a now-banned chemical that eats away at Earth’s protective surface is once again rising. The chemical is a man-made chlorofluorocarbon, also known as CFC. An international treaty was signed in 1987 in an effort to end o
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一架载有100多人的波音737飞机在古巴坠毁2018-05-20
The number of deaths is not yet known. Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel, visited the site of the crash and told Agence France Presse: It appears there is a high number of victims.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:智利天主教的主教们因性侵丑闻而辞职2018-05-20
Every active Chilean bishop in the Roman Catholic Church offered to resign Friday. The offer came after Pope Francis accused the bishops of failing to investigate sex abuse cases and protect children.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普加入‘Laurel’ vs ‘Yanny’的辩论2018-05-20
Late Thursday, a White House-produced video appeared on the social media service Twitter. In it, President Donald Trump and members of his administration are asked whether they heard the name Laurel or Yanny.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:刚果民主共和国爆发埃博拉疫情2018-05-19
The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported another case of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). WHO of...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印第安纳波利斯:美国中西部的“硅谷”2018-05-19
School, business, and government officials are working to make the Midwestern American city a technology capital.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:委内瑞拉购买4.4亿美元石油送古巴寻求其外交支持2018-05-19
Venezuela’s state-operated oil company reportedly has bought nearly $440 million worth of foreign crude oil and shipped it directly to Cuba.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国加州太阳能强制令:2020年后新房必须装太阳能2018-05-18
California has become the first U.S. state to approve plans to require newly-built homes to include solar equipment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:念“Yanny”还是“Laurel”?2018-05-18
This is What’s Trending Today… The question seems simple enough. What word do you hear in the audio -- Yanny or Laurel? The an...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国军医成功地将新左耳移植到士兵手臂上2018-05-18
Army doctors in Texas have successfully transplanted a new left ear on a soldier. The ear was grown in the soldier’s lower arm. The procedure is the first of its kind for the U.S. Army. It involved doctors taking cartilage from the soldier’s ribs. The car
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:密歇根州立大学同意赔偿300多名遭性侵妇女5亿美元2018-05-18
Michigan State University has agreed to pay $500 million to more than 300 women and girls who have said they were sexually abused by sports doctor Larry Nassar.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:肯尼亚餐厅服务员侮辱哺乳妇女惹抗议2018-05-18
The marchers have accused the restaurant of asking a Kenyan woman who was breastfeeding her child to cover up or feed the girl in a restroom. The demonstrators say eateries and other businesses need to support mothers who choose to breastfeed in public sp
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国最高法院终止体育博彩禁令2018-05-18
The court’s decision permits state officials to pass laws permitting books to open on sports such as football, basketball, baseball and other games. In the coming months, those officials will also consider where bets can be placed: casinos, horse tracks,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:穆斯林美国人庆祝斋月2018-05-18
Muslim observance of the month of Ramadan is set to start. Some Muslims in Northern Virginia say it is a time to fast, think, discuss religion and help the poor.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:普京出席连接俄罗斯与克里米亚桥梁的开通仪式2018-05-18
Russian President Vladimir Putin has opened a new bridge linking southern Russia to Crimea. Putin drove a large truck Tuesday across what Russia is calling the Crimean Bridge. Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine in 2014.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:朝鲜因美韩军演取消与韩国的会谈2018-05-18
The North also is raising questions about the upcoming meeting between its leader Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普或放松对中兴的制裁2018-05-16
The U.S. president offered to help China’s ZTE Corp. after U.S. officials banned the company from receiving U.S. exports. ZTE said the ban would cause it to shut down. The move comes as U.S. farmers worry about soybean exports to China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国承诺朝鲜实现无核化后助其恢复经济2018-05-16
The United States has said it may let American businesses invest in North Korea if the two sides reach a nuclear agreement. But even if U.S. economic restrictions against the North are lifted, the country would likely still present a difficult environment
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世卫组织欲五年内去除食物里的反式脂肪2018-05-16
There may be something in your food that you cannot see and cannot taste. But it could be killing you. It is an artificial oil commonly called trans fat.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:25岁以色列女孩夺得2018年欧洲歌唱大赛冠军2018-05-16
Thousands of Israelis took to the streets early Sunday to celebrate Netta’s victory. Fans gathered at Tel Aviv’s Rabin Square. The City Hall building there was lit up to spell Toy. Electronic signs throughout Tel Aviv congratulated Netta.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国希望有100万志愿者提供其DNA信息2018-05-15
The U.S. government is now accepting volunteers for a huge new nationwide health project. The government hopes to find one million people who will share their DNA and 10 years of health patterns.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国历史:布朗诉教育委员会案2018-05-15
Brown versus Board of Education is one of the country’s most important cases. It overturned an earlier Supreme Court decision, and it helped launch the civil rights movement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:风暴和潮汐冲刷出哈特岛的无名尸骨2018-05-15
Storms and other natural forces have revealed the remains of the New Yorkers who died poor and were buried on Hart Island over the last 150 years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:帮助击败伊斯兰国的伊拉克广播公司2018-05-15
A new report suggests that one reason for the operations success was a campaign of information warfare by resistance forces. It says the campaign took on IS propagandists and destroyed the group’s image of invincibility.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:经训练能嗅出低血糖的狗狗2018-05-14
One organization is training dogs to recognize when diabetics have low blood sugar.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯键盘侠在facebook公开威胁一名美国军人的妻子2018-05-14
The AP says the women received threats from the same group thought to be responsible for releasing emails from the chairman of Hillary Clinton’s presidential election campaign.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:圣保罗贫民窟大火反射住房短缺问题2018-05-14
On May 1, an electrical problem started a fire in a large, former police building in Sao Paolo, Brazil. Officials say at least two people died as a result.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国暑期档电影要搞“大事情”2018-05-13
When it comes to blockbusters, bigger and bolder is Hollywoods plan for this summer. Movie studios are counting on new and improved sequels to mak...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:重建和腐败成伊拉克选举首要问题2018-05-13
Iraqi citizens will vote on May 12 in parliamentary elections. Many people say they are tired of corruption and conflict.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普与金正恩峰会将于新加坡举办2018-05-13
Singapore has long had ties with both the U.S. and North Korea. It is considered a neutral place with good relations with area countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:德国学生抗议“不公平”英语考试2018-05-12
Thousands of German students are accusing school officials of creating an English exam that was unfairly difficult. More than 35,000 people have signed a petition to voice their concerns about the exam.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家们观察到巨大的星系团的诞生2018-05-12
Observations of a huge group of galaxies slowly crashing together could change what scientists had believed about the early history of our universe.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:老牡蛎壳改善水质 帮助牡蛎种群繁衍2018-05-12
Discarded oyster shells from restaurants and using them to improve the water quality and oyster population of the U.S.’s East coast.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:网上赌博急剧增加或影响网球赛果2018-05-12
The report said the problems, involving issues like fair play and honesty, are most notable at the lower levels of the sport. It said a major cause was a sharp increase in internet betting -- with some players winning money by losing to their opponents on
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:抗生素耐药性已从动物迅速传染给人2018-05-12
New research has shown that genetic changes in pathogens affect people and animals around the world in just a few years. The research suggests these genetic changes probably spread from a pig farm in China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一大批游客涌向秘鲁的“彩虹山”2018-05-12
The world learned of the existence of this natural wonder about five years ago. Now, many people want to see it for themselves.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗称美国退出不妨碍其执行核协议2018-05-12
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani suggested on Monday that Iran would stay in its nuclear deal with world powers even if the U.S. withdraws.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:普京宣誓就任个人第四任俄罗斯总统2018-05-12
Speaking in Moscow, Putin promised to follow an economic program that would improve living conditions across the country. He said that improving Russia’s economy would be a major goal of his next six years in office.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:仅40天!金正恩大连再会习近平主席2018-05-12
It is the second meeting between Xi and Kim in recent weeks. Both meetings have come before the expected meeting between Kim and U.S. President Donald Trump.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普正式宣布退出伊朗核协议2018-05-12
President Donald Trump has withdrawn the United States from an international agreement aimed at controlling Iran’s nuclear program. The Iranian government agreed to the deal with the U.S., Britain, China, France, Russia and Germany in 2015.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:电影业界性骚扰问题成戛纳电影节“必备元素”2018-05-12
Actor Cate Blanchett and director Martin Scorsese opened the Cannes Film Festival Tuesday in the French coastal city. The 71st French Riviera celebration of cinema and celebrity is the first since th
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国宣布对三名委内瑞拉人和20家公司实施新制裁2018-05-12
The U.S. Treasury Department identified the three individuals in relation to drug trafficking.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家欲改善科罗拉多河昆虫的生存环境2018-05-12
Scientists are performing water-flow experiments to increase the insect population, and fish food supply, in the Colorado River
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:MeToo运动能在巴基斯坦取得成功么?2018-05-12
The Pakistani television and film industry was shocked last month by accusations of sex abuse from a famous singer. Meesha Shafi used the Twitter #metoo to accuse a male co-worker of harassment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:大量巧克力在波兰高速公路泄露2018-05-12
This is What’s Trending Today… Rescue officials in Poland are working quickly to clear one of the country’s highways. The roadw...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普将于6月12日在新加坡会见金正恩2018-05-12
After three Korean-Americans held in North Korea arrived in Washington, President Trump announced the time and place for his meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
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