美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:矿物质对你的健康很重要2017-01-13
Dug up from the earth, minerals play an important role in medicine and health. And many are as beautiful as a work of art.
VOA慢速英语:阳光、乐观有助长寿2017-01-10
A new study suggests that your level of optimism may affect your health. People who are optimistic may live longer than those who are pessimistic.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:津巴布韦“友谊板凳”有助治疗抑郁和焦虑2017-01-09
Health workers are helping people with mental health problems through a new program. Experts say the treatment could serve as a model for other countries in Africa.
VOA慢速英语:组织寻求建立美国无烟学院和公共住房2017-01-06
In 1995, California became the first state to ban smoking at most workplaces. Now,21 years later,27 states ban smoking at workplaces, including restaurants. Colleges are now looking to ban smoking, and the Obama administration wants to ban smoking at public housing.
VOA慢速英语:疫苗有望对抗Zika、脊髓灰质炎和艾滋病成三大病毒2017-01-03
Medical official hope new vaccines can be developed for the HIV and Zika viruses. Also, efforts to end polio continue although it has reappeared in Nigeria.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:医疗费太高!美国人出国寻求低成本医疗2016-12-27
Every year, many people become medical tourists, leaving the US for lower-cost surgeries in Thailand, Mexico and India among other places.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:阳光有助延长乳腺癌患者存活时间2016-12-27
Vitamin D is good for everybody. In fact, research shows this sunshine vitamin could help women with breast cancer live longer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:非营利组织致力减少假期垃圾和清洁环境2016-12-24
The Alice Ferguson Foundation designs events to help children celebrate the Christmas holiday without increasing the amount of waste they create.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家大脑发育研究取得突破2016-12-20
Over the years, scientists and medical researchers have spent much time studying the human brain. Even after countless studies, the workings of the brain remain largely a mystery.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:大蒜:长寿的关键?2016-12-13
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Garlic is one of the most common cooking ingredients around the world. Many dishes in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas use this strong-flavored vegetable.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家研发药物慢性释放胶囊2016-12-12
Researchers have developed a long-lasting capsule that, when swallowed, slowly releases medicine into the body. It has been successfully tested in pigs and dogs..
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:蚊帐成为抗疟疾最重要的武器2016-12-06
In countries south of the Sahara Desert, availability of the nets increased from two percent in 2000 to 53 percent in 2015.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:更新:消灭Zika病毒取得突破2016-11-29
Scientists who are studying how to fight Zika have announced an important discovery, or breakthrough. This could be very good news as Zika continues to spread through the Americas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国孩子患上阿片类药物流行病2016-11-22
The number of Americans who use opioid pain medicines is growing. But the growth isnt limited to adults. An increasing number of children are being hospitalized for opioid poisoning.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新的测试可以发现早期癌症2016-11-15
Researchers in Britain are developing a new blood test that acts as an early warning system for cancer. It can recognize changes in red blood cells before signs of cancer appear. Researchers say the test could become be a simple and non-invasive way to examine patients.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国男子发明跟随孩子一起长大的鞋子2016-11-08
About 300 million children around the world go barefoot. Those children risk picking up diseases and parasites from the soil. One man wants to change that.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:抗炎药帮助对抗抑郁症2016-11-01
Study finds that some drugs currently used to treat inflammation, or swelling in the body, also may help in treating depression. This comes as good to news to people for whom anti-depressant medicines do not work.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:暖心机器人让生病的孩子感觉不那么孤独2016-10-25
Children who are sick at home can miss important classroom learning. They also can feel left out. But a high-tech friend may be able to help them keep up with their schoolwork.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员:喝热饮或致癌2016-10-18
The U.N.’s cancer research agency now lists hot drinks with lead, gasoline and exhaust fumes as a possible cause of cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国专家:玩过山车有助排出肾结石2016-10-11
Roller coasters are fast and exciting! But can they also be good for your health. Researchers found that patients who rode a roller coaster in Florida showed a 70 percent success rate in passing kidney stones.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:人类寿命极限乃115岁?2016-10-11
A new study suggests that human life may always be limited to around 115 years. Researchers based their findings on mortality and population records from more than 40 countries. They concluded that survival rates peaked at 100, then dropped quickly regardless of the year they were born.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究:健身追踪器能帮你减肥吗?2016-10-04
Fitness trackers are designed to record your physical activity. They are usually worn around the wrist, where they measure a person’s heart rate. But, do they help people lose weight?
VOA慢速英语:科学家们建议:低盐饮食并非适用于每一个人2016-09-30
This is our first runner-up winner in our competition for science writing. The contest was sponsored by the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and open to science teachers who attended VOA Learning Englishs webinar Writing Science in Plain English.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:健康专家示警抗菌素滥用2016-09-27
A U.N. agency says superbugs are developing resistance to our strongest drugs. The reason? Overuse of antimicrobials. Read on to find out more.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:健康黑客:老年痴呆症患者自救2016-09-20
Learn the term health hackers. And learn how they use tests and lifestyle changes to reverse early signs of dementia. These health hackers are banding together. Find out how and what this expression means.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:千禧一代改变美国工作文化?2016-09-13
Finding a healthy a work-life balance is a challenge for anyone. But in the U.S., the relation between work and life may be changing. And it is younger workers who are making it more balanced.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究发现喷人易伤脑2016-09-06
When children experience repeated exposure to mean, hurtful words, it can hurt their developing brain. Fight back with kind words for the children in your life.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:20年来美国人的平均体重增加了7公斤2016-08-30
American men weigh about seven kilograms more now, on average, than they did 20 years ago. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, reported the finding earlier this month. Over the 20-year period, the average height of men did not change.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:柑橘抗氧化剂或有助抗击肥胖相关的疾病2016-08-29
Citrus fruit and citrus products like orange juice could be the key to long and healthy lives, says another research study.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:有些食物可以入药2016-08-29
Sometimes when people are sick, a prescription for a bottle of pills is not the answer. Sometimes simply making a change to your diet, can make you feel better.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:着色书籍可以减少压力2016-08-23
Coloring is an activity for children everywhere. But why should kids get to have all the fun? Coloring books for adults are becoming more and more popular. Experts say adult coloring books can relieve stress.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究称以水代替含糖饮料有助减肥和保持健康2016-08-19
Experts believe soft drinks are partly responsible for the obesity epidemic. Obesity is a condition in which the body stores large, unhealthy amounts of fat. Obese individuals are considered overweight.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:欲长寿可多吃鸡肉和植物性蛋白质2016-08-18
Researchers find that eating more vegetables lowers the risk of heart disease and death. They examined information from long-term studies of the diet, lifestyle and health of more than 130,000 people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:尼日利亚再发现两例脊髓灰质炎2016-08-18
Nigeria was well on its way to becoming polio free. But within days of the 2nd anniversary of no new Polio cases in Nigeria, two children were shown to be infected. Now, officials are planning a new large immunization effort. The problem: continued threats from Boko Haram militants.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:每天锻炼一小时 还你健康体魄2016-08-16
When it comes to your health, It seems that sitting too much may be as bad for you as smoking. If you sit for many hours a day in a traditional office job, you may be interested in a new study.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联合国希望澳大利亚带头斩断亚洲贩毒通道2016-08-09
United Nations officials say they are alarmed by a rise in amphetamine trafficking across Asia. The U.N. is calling for Australia to play a larger role in fighting the drug trade.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:良好睡眠有助降低儿童肥胖风险2016-08-02
Going to bed before 8 pm appeared to dramatically reduce the risk of obesity for young children, according to a new study.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家:Zika病毒或每年感染9300万美洲人2016-07-31
A new study finds some worrisome facts about the Zika virus. Millions in the Western Hemisphere could be infected with the virus in the future, researchers say. And well over a million women in their childbearing years could be infected.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:你喜欢吃意大利面吗?2016-07-26
Researchers in Italy say eating pasta in moderation contributes to a healthy body mass index. Good news if you love pasta! This common food and when eaten in a Mediterranean diet may decrease the chances of becoming obese, says a new study.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:国际艾滋病大会正在南非德班举行2016-07-19
A diagnosis of HIV/AIDS is no longer a death sentence. There is no cure but improvements in treatments have made the disease manageable. But it is only manageable if those infected can get treatment.
VOA慢速英语:5个简单的练习加强你的核心力量2016-07-12
What is your core? Why is it important? This article explains both. It also teaches useful sentences for describing how to move the body. You can also test your listening skills! Listen to the audio and try to visualize, or see in your mind, the exercises without looking at the pictures.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:儿童发育成长需要食物还有爱2016-07-05
Over the past 20 years worldwide, the number of babies and young children dying has dropped from 12 million to six million. Now, a group of health experts say that for children to meet their full potential they need more than just food, water and medicine.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:运动能预防两大疾病:癌症与中风2016-06-28
We all know that exercise keeps us healthy. But two new studies get more specific. They look at how exercise may lower the risk of two major causes of death – cancer and stroke. This report has many useful vocabulary words related to the human body.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:阿司匹林可以减少癌症死亡2016-06-21
Aspirin is a common painkiller. The drug also is known to help the body in other ways. The latest way involves fighting cancer. Read on to hear vocabulary useful to know when talking about cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现导致多发性硬化症基因2016-06-14
Multiple sclerosis, or MS, affects millions of people. A new genetic discovery could mean a cure for the most severe form of disease.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:如何保护弃婴2016-06-07
No one knows exactly how many babies are abandoned worldwide each year. The number is difficult to determine because it is illegal in most places. So, unwanted babies are often hidden and left to die alone. A program may help.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国发现超级细菌 抗生素均无效!2016-06-03
Doctors in the U.S. have found something that health officials have long feared – a superbug that is resistant to antibiotics. In Vietnam, antibiotic-resistant viruses have been found in fish for sale. Could this mean the end of antibiotics, what some call miracle drugs?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世卫:80%的城市居民呼吸的空气不安全2016-05-31
Poor air quality causes many diseases in the world’s poorest cities. And it is getting worse. The most affected are the people living in the poorest cities in the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世卫发布关心遭受割礼女性的指引2016-05-29
World Health Organization has released guidelines to help healthcare workers care for the more than 200 million girls and women worldwide who have suffered from and live with female genital mutilation, or FGM.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:证据显示美国白人妇女寿命短2016-05-24
A new report says white women in the United States had a life expectancy rate of 81.1 years in 2014. That is down from a life expectancy of 81.2 years the year before. Researchers are concerned about the decrease. Among other population groups, life expectancy rates are either up or unchanged.
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