美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

VOA慢速英语:美国大学生因学费负债累累2017-04-24
It is costing more to attend American colleges. And students are borrowing more money. Students who graduated in 2015 had an average debt of $34,000, $14,000 more than 10 years earlier.
VOA慢速英语:研究:女教授比男教授从事更多的服务工作2017-04-23
In the United States college professors have three major responsibilities: teaching, research and service work. Teaching and research are often valued more than service when a professor wants to get a better or higher-paying job. A new study suggests fema
VOA慢速英语:三种方法来提高你的英语演讲水平2017-04-21
Giving a presentation can be a scary task. It can be even more worrisome when the presentation is not in your native language. You may forget the English words for what you want to say. Or, like a lot of people, you may get nervous.
VOA慢速英语:在线学位课程或改变高等教育的未来2017-04-21
Students are able to choose from among a large number of degree programs at the thousands of colleges and universities in the United States. Until recently, most students had to move to the school of their choice and attend classes there for a number of y
VOA慢速英语:美国大学国际学生数量或下降2017-04-21
In 2016, American colleges taught a record number of international students. But the numbers are likely to go down in the future. A new report says applications from international students are down at 40 percent of American colleges for the new school yea
VOA慢速英语:测试自己以提高你的英语词汇知识2017-04-21
Experts say English learners need to develop a large vocabulary - around 10,000 words - to be successful on language tests and at English-speaking universities. Mary Pyc, a cognitive scientist, recommends English learners test themselves in order to impro
VOA慢速英语:大学教育人人平等?2017-04-21
Most parents want what is best for their children. And many people think of college as a guarantee of future success. It is hard to argue that college doesn’t help. But how helpful is a college degree to every student who wants one?
VOA慢速英语:如何使用美国之音学习英语口语和写作2017-04-21
Editors Note: This guide is useful for classroom learning as well as English language practice groups.
VOA慢速英语:在美国的国际学生面临类似挑战2017-04-21
The language barrier may be one of the biggest problems for non-native English speakers wishing to study at American colleges and universities. But is not the only one. Many students find difficulty both in and outside the classroom.
VOA慢速英语:肯尼亚学生赢得太阳能项目奖2017-04-21
A group of students from Kenya was among winners of the 2017 Zayed Future Energy Prize. The 10-member team is receiving a $100,000 award to make their school a green energy institution.
VOA慢速英语:使用VOA英语提高英语听力能力2017-04-21
This report is part of a series about how to use the VOA Learning English website for group activities. Such activities can be excellent tools for classroom learning and English language practice groups. For a printable, extended list of activities, direc
VOA慢速英语:学校教导学生如何辨别假新闻2017-04-21
Education programs, from universities to secondary schools, are trying to train students to understand fake news and the difference between quality and poor journalism.
VOA慢速英语:避免无效的学习方法2017-04-21
Rereading and underlining are two common study methods. However, these strategies may not be the most effective ways to study. Mary Pyc, a cognitive scientist, says that rereading and highlighting are less effective than self-testing and spaced practice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:教导美国学生关于美国建国文献的知识2017-04-21
People who want to become American citizens must learn about important US documents like the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. But such study is often not required of American students.
VOA慢速英语:衡量大学教育“价值”的新系统2017-04-21
The main goal of a college education is to earn a degree that will help a student get a job. But how does a piece a paper with the name of a school on it actually explain what a student knows and can do? A new system of measuring learning is now trying to
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:麻省理工设立打破常规奖项2017-04-21
Most people would say they disapprove of breaking rules. But one highly respected university in America is offering a big prize for exactly that.
VOA慢速英语:大数据帮助教育改革2017-04-21
A new project, called PISA4U, is trying to improve education by creating a system for exchanging information. Its organizers are studying a U.S. school system as a model.
VOA慢速英语:在线学位课程面临困境2017-04-21
The number of students studying through online degree programs grows every year. Many well-known colleges and universities are exploring how to offer their programs through computers and the internet. But there are still barriers keeping online programs f
VOA慢速英语:学校教导学生如何辨别假新闻2017-04-18
Education programs, from universities to secondary schools, are trying to train students to understand fake news and the difference between quality and poor journalism.
VOA慢速英语:避免无效的学习方法2017-04-18
Rereading and underlining are two common study methods. However, these strategies may not be the most effective ways to study. Mary Pyc, a cognitive scientist, says that rereading and highlighting are less effective than self-testing and spaced practice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:教导美国学生关于美国建国文献的知识2017-04-18
People who want to become American citizens must learn about important US documents like the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. But such study is often not required of American students.
VOA慢速英语:衡量大学教育“价值”的新系统2017-04-18
The main goal of a college education is to earn a degree that will help a student get a job. But how does a piece a paper with the name of a school on it actually explain what a student knows and can do? A new system of measuring learning is now trying to
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:麻省理工设立打破常规奖项2017-04-18
Most people would say they disapprove of breaking rules. But one highly respected university in America is offering a big prize for exactly that.
VOA慢速英语:大数据帮助教育改革2017-04-18
A new project, called PISA4U, is trying to improve education by creating a system for exchanging information. Its organizers are studying a U.S. school system as a model.
VOA慢速英语:在线学位课程面临困境2017-04-18
The number of students studying through online degree programs grows every year. Many well-known colleges and universities are exploring how to offer their programs through computers and the internet. But there are still barriers keeping online programs f
VOA慢速英语:三种方法来提高你的英语演讲水平2017-04-18
Giving a presentation can be a scary task. It can be even more worrisome when the presentation is not in your native language. You may forget the English words for what you want to say. Or, like a lot of people, you may get nervous.
VOA慢速英语:在线学位课程或改变高等教育的未来2017-04-18
Students are able to choose from among a large number of degree programs at the thousands of colleges and universities in the United States. Until recently, most students had to move to the school of their choice and attend classes there for a number of y
VOA慢速英语:美国大学国际学生数量或下降2017-04-18
In 2016, American colleges taught a record number of international students. But the numbers are likely to go down in the future. A new report says applications from international students are down at 40 percent of American colleges for the new school yea
VOA慢速英语:测试自己以提高你的英语词汇知识2017-04-18
Experts say English learners need to develop a large vocabulary - around 10,000 words - to be successful on language tests and at English-speaking universities. Mary Pyc, a cognitive scientist, recommends English learners test themselves in order to impro
VOA慢速英语:大学教育人人平等?2017-04-18
Most parents want what is best for their children. And many people think of college as a guarantee of future success. It is hard to argue that college doesn’t help. But how helpful is a college degree to every student who wants one?
VOA慢速英语:如何使用美国之音学习英语口语和写作2017-04-18
Editors Note: This guide is useful for classroom learning as well as English language practice groups.
VOA慢速英语:在美国的国际学生面临类似挑战2017-04-18
The language barrier may be one of the biggest problems for non-native English speakers wishing to study at American colleges and universities. But is not the only one. Many students find difficulty both in and outside the classroom.
VOA慢速英语:肯尼亚学生赢得太阳能项目奖2017-04-18
A group of students from Kenya was among winners of the 2017 Zayed Future Energy Prize. The 10-member team is receiving a $100,000 award to make their school a green energy institution.
VOA慢速英语:千禧一代护卫大学生传统2017-04-18
In recent years, young people have become one of the largest voting groups in the United States. College is often when young people form their political opinions. And as was true in the past, the current generation of college students has become political
VOA慢速英语:东亚再次引领国际学生评估调查2017-04-18
Asian countries performed the strongest in all areas in the 2015 PISA study, which looks at reading, math, and science. Western countries placed near the middle.
VOA慢速英语:大学委员会推改革计划以防止作弊2017-04-18
The group responsible for a widely used college admissions test cancelled scores for a number of students who took the test in January.
VOA慢速英语:美国公立大学终身职位受质疑2017-04-18
Tenure has a long tradition at almost every major college and university in the United States. Tenure protects professors from losing their job for teaching subjects that school officials or donors consider unacceptable. But that has not stopped some U.S.
VOA慢速英语:尴尬!哥伦比亚大学错发277张录取通知2017-04-18
Talk about a change in emotions. Imagine that you got an email saying you were accepted at your first-choice college, only to be told an hour later the acceptance was a mistake. That’s what recently happened to applicants at Columbia University’s school o
VOA慢速英语:女学生在加州学校攻读计算机科学2017-04-18
Harvey Mudd College is a leader in breaking down barriers to women in computer science. Last year, more than half of its students who completed the program were women.
VOA慢速英语:美国大学低学费办学的可行性研究2017-04-18
Several countries offer free college education to their citizens. Total student debt in the United States is currently over $1 trillion. So, some American states are trying to follow the example of these other nations. But what exactly is the cost of free
VOA慢速英语:课后活动成通往大学成功之路2017-04-18
A nonprofit based in Washington, DC, takes an unusual approach to increasing high school graduation rates: focusing on children between the ages of nine and 14.
VOA慢速英语:评级表明学生偏爱男性教授2017-04-18
Colleges look for several qualities in judging the value of professors and making employment decisions. Administrators look to student opinions to measure a professor’s teaching ability. But several recent studies show that student do not fairly judge the
VOA慢速英语:研究发现教师最容易在入行第五年离职2017-04-18
Teaching can be one of the most satisfying jobs in the United States. Yet many American teachers say they feel overworked, undervalued, and underpaid. This has led to what education experts call teacher burnout,’ a feeling of mental, physical, and emotion
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:中国公司因留学生资料造假退出美国教育项目2017-04-18
Hundreds of thousands of Chinese students attend colleges and universities in the United States. More and more come every year. One of the largest Chinese educational companies was part of a project aimed at fighting cheating from Chinese students. Reuter
VOA慢速英语:加州边境英语-西班牙语双语学校2017-04-18
The Chula Vista Elementary School district is Californias largest and among its most diverse. Sixty-eight percent of students are Hispanic and 35 percent are learning English. The school district celebrates bilingualism and the sharing of cultures.
VOA慢速英语:沙特阿拉伯使用大学奖学金影响印尼人2017-04-18
Observers say it is difficult to know the effect of the large Saudi effort to spread Salafism -- a strict form of Islam -- on the world’s most populous Muslim nation
VOA慢速英语:柬埔寨摄影师传递保护野生动物信息2017-04-18
Plants and animals around the world face threats from increasing industry every day. But some people and organizations are fighting to protect the natural resources around them. A Cambodian photographer hoping to share his love of birds is just one exampl
VOA慢速英语:研究发现不仅互联网有假新闻出版物亦然2017-04-18
The top minds in any field can be found at colleges and universities around the world. These experts publish their research to share their knowledge, and also to support their academic careers. But some publishers are willing to accept any research, no ma
VOA慢速英语:加州实验学校没有作业2017-04-18
Khan Lab School is experimenting with a new model of educational. Many students and parents love the results so far.
VOA慢速英语:瑜伽走进美国课堂2017-04-18
Breathing exercises and other elements of yoga are being added to a number of U.S. schools. Some schools have even eliminated punishment.
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