美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

VOA慢速英语:贫困学生进大学难度愈来愈大2017-01-15
For several years, educators have urged American colleges and universities to increase the number of low income students they accept. But how to do so is a much more complex issue than one might think. Still, some researchers and administrators fight to keep higher education available to everyone.
VOA慢速英语:新年伊始,设置合理的学习目标2017-01-11
A good way to start the new year is setting reasonable goals for learning English. Learn how goals help guide language learners and give them reasons to continue studying a language.
VOA慢速英语:赴欧新移民努力融入当地生活2017-01-08
Thousands of migrants from places like Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan entered Europe in 2016. Many of these people have trouble finding their place among this new and different cultures. VOA Learning English looks at some common situations visitors to the United States face and how to deal with them.
VOA慢速英语:从内罗毕到北卡罗来纳州:肯尼亚教师之旅2017-01-04
James Mwangi is a teacher in Kenya. But for almost a year, he is living and teaching in the United States, thanks to a Fulbright program.
VOA慢速英语:美国大学学生报纸面临压力2017-01-01
Many American colleges and universities have student-run newspapers. The newspapers are meant to be independent and able to report on any issue they choose. But a new report suggest a growing number of school administrators are punishing student newspapers that publish critical stories.
VOA慢速英语:寻找规律提高英语写作和口语水平2016-12-28
For VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report. Eli Hinkel, a professor at Seattle Pacific University, says that English learners need to learn to recognize patterns in the English language.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:大学论文分步指南2016-12-25
College-level writing is very different from any other type of writing. It is more difficult than high school writing. College-level writing can cause problems for international students. But, there are some methods students can use to create the best writing possible.
VOA慢速英语:川普或改变奥巴马的教育政策2016-12-21
Outgoing Education Secretary John King is calling for continued federal efforts to help schools provide a quality education and to support diversity. But changes are likely when President-elect Donald Trump takes office. He favors fewer education regulations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:学生用“一分钟奥秘”解决问题2016-12-14
Teachers are now using One Minute Mysteries in their classes to teach science and mathematics.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国际医学生面临困难2016-12-11
Being a doctor is one of the most difficult jobs there is. But in some ways the path to becoming a doctor in the U.S. is even more difficult. It can cost a lot and can take several years to complete. For international students, this path is more difficult for several reasons, but not impossible.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:难民等待安置的同时提高英语能力2016-12-07
The resettlement process for refugees can take years. While they are waiting, some Hazara refugees in Indonesia are building English language skills to pass the time.
VOA慢速英语:大多数美国大学生“非传统”2016-12-04
Many people in the United States may not realize that there are many paths to take towards a college education. The common belief is that a young person should go to college for four years right after finishing high school. But this is not true for a majority of undergraduate college students in the
VOA慢速英语:什么是特许学校?2016-11-30
Charter schools are different from public schools in many ways. They often have flexibility in the kinds of classes and programs that they can offer. The charter movement has appealed to Americans with different beliefs. This appeal helps to explain some of the growth of charter schools.
VOA慢速英语:一些国际留学生令“总统川普”头疼2016-11-27
Hateful speech during the presidential campaign and a recent attack have made some international students worry about the future of their educations in the United States. Experts disagree over the affect a Donald Trump presidency will have on international study in America.
VOA慢速英语:车轮上的女孩:印度和肯尼亚推广骑自行车2016-11-23
Programs in two developing countries are helping girls get to school. The programs are giving girls pedal power -- transportation in the form of bicycles.
VOA慢速英语:更多大学生面临性传播疾病风险2016-11-20
Away from family for the first time, young people at colleges can make risky choices. These include choices involving sex. A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that sexually transmitted diseases may be on the rise among college-age young people in the U.S.
VOA慢速英语:全球英语水平发展一览图2016-11-16
The EF Proficiency Index ranks 72 countries according to their adult English language ability. Netherlands was first, and Iraq was last
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科技技术改变教育模式2016-11-13
Modern technology affects almost every part of modern life. Education is no different. Teachers and parents are looking to technology to help students at every level of learning. But some are concerned that the world’s love of technology may not help students as much as people believe.
VOA慢速英语:提高英语发音水平:自拍视频练发音2016-11-09
English learners can improve their pronunciation skills with training exercises used by singers. A smartphone with a camera can help, too. These suggestions come from Michael Berman.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国教育公司帮学生“走捷径”进美国顶尖大学2016-11-06
In recent years several news agencies have reported incidents of Chinese students using companies to cheat on their applications to U.S. universities. Now a new report suggests that the head of one company was paying one school to fight cheating while former employees claim the company was itself gu
VOA慢速英语:越来越多的美国女孩质疑学校着装规范2016-11-02
School officials say student opposition to dress codes is normal for the first month or two of every school year. Yet, the last few years have witnessed something different: a growing number of American girls expressing the belief that those policies unfairly target them.
VOA慢速英语:这就是现实,美国大学生也“拼爹”!2016-10-30
Starting a college education is a difficult process. Books, counselors, websites and parents are all resources students can use to understand the process. But the parents of some students do not have the same knowledge to support their children as others.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:学生使用智能设备作弊2016-10-28
The wide use of smartphones is giving students many more ways to cheat. Experts say teachers now need to come up with new ways to prevent high-tech cheating. These include changes to testing methods and how assignments are processed.
VOA慢速英语:提高英语水平系列:使用通用对象2016-10-26
English has many strange, difficult sounds, including th,-er,i, and ee. English learners can improve their pronunciation of these sounds by doing exercises with common, everyday objects. These objects include a piece of candy, a pencil, and a mirror.
VOA慢速英语:美国小型大学挣扎生存2016-10-23
There are thousands of choices of colleges and universities in the United States. Some are big and others are small. Some are public and others are private. But not every school is equally successful. Some schools face money troubles and end up closing, leaving students and professors in trouble.
VOA慢速英语:老师尝试更有效的教学方法2016-10-19
Many Americans debate major issues angrily, but some schools are working to show students they can disagree without being disagreeable
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:哈佛商学院在纽约开设“创业孵化器”2016-10-16
Harvard University’s Business School is known and respected around the world. The level of education students receive there is very high. And now the school is doing more for former students entering the business world.
VOA慢速英语:组织教授在美国的阿富汗妇女生活技能2016-10-12
More than 100 Afghan women gather every day at a small home in the Queens area of New York City. They get English language classes, life training, and other support from a group called Women for Afghan Women (WAW). The organization has helped some of the women leave abusive marriages.
VOA慢速英语:文科学位价值几何?2016-10-09
Many young people choose to study a specific subject because they believe it will help them find a good job right after they finish their studies. But there is another approach to higher education that may help students in other ways.
VOA慢速英语:英语日常语法:学习分词短语与著名歌曲2016-10-07
Participial phrases often act as adjectives in a sentence. The phrases change the meaning of a noun or noun phrase. Participial phrases are often complex for English learners. Today, we show you how you can get participial phrases by reducing relative clauses.
VOA慢速英语:美国富人学生成绩普遍比穷人家学生好2016-10-05
Classes for children as young as three may help to close the achievement gap between wealthy and poor students in the United States.
VOA慢速英语:美国大学生或需要更加专业2016-10-02
Critics have a lot to say about what the current generation of young people can and cannot do. And it may be true that college students feel they are more prepared for the workforce than employers think they are. But some colleges want to make sure their students have the skills they need.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国大学生知之甚少的世界大事件2016-09-28
Young people in the United States do not have a strong understanding of the world and their place in it. In a recent survey, only 30 percent of young people knew that the only part of the U.S. government that can declare war is Congress.
VOA慢速英语:英语日常语法:什么是状语?(二)2016-09-23
Adverbials can add more information to many common sentence patterns in English. By learning and mastering adverbials, English learners can improve their writing and speaking skills.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:提高英语水平系列:改善你的发音2016-09-21
English is a language that does not always communicate meaning through grammar. English speakers use pitch - high or low sounds - to give sentences different meanings. Tamara Jones says that humming exercises can help English learners hear pitch changes better.
VOA慢速英语:Lesson 29: A Long Time Ago2016-09-19
Anna and Marsha have a lot of work to do. An advertisement makes them remember their childhood dreams. What do you think they wanted to be?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“千禧”大学生心理健康问题2016-09-18
This week, we continue our series on college students and mental health. Last time, we shared the stories of two students, Giorgia and Jason. They are just two examples of the many students struggling with anxiety, depression or other mental health issues.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:STARTALK计划帮助美国人学习阿拉伯语、汉语和俄语2016-09-14
STARTALK is a language immersion program launched in 2006. It is designed to help more Americans learn languages like Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Persian, and Russian.
VOA慢速英语:Lesson 28: I Passed It!2016-09-12
Anna tells her roommate, Marsha, about the problems she had in her driving test. Then Anna says she wants to drive to a special place in Washington, D.C. Where will she drive?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:更多的大学生寻求心理健康辅导2016-09-11
Difficult schoolwork is not the only challenge college students face.The number of college students seeking help for mental health issues has increased at five times the rate at which new students are attending college. Anxiety and depression are some the problems college students seek help for.
VOA慢速英语:英语日常语法:常见句型:第4部分2016-09-09
English has many patterns. Learning and mastering these patterns can help you improve your writing and speaking skills. Todays common pattern is the transitive verb pattern. There are several types of transitive verbs, but they all have one thing in common: a direct object.
VOA慢速英语:学生在学校实践民主2016-09-08
Escuela Nueva is an non-traditional method of education practiced in Colombia and about 20 other nations. The method teaches students to be democratic and empathetic. It also teaches them leadership and gives them real-world skills they can use in their communities. And it is low-cost.
VOA慢速英语:Lesson 27: I Can't Come In2016-09-05
Anna does not feel well. She calls her boss and her doctor. What do they tell her to do? Will she follow their advice?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:移民烹饪融合当地的文化和口味2016-09-04
Two students in the Culinary Arts program at Carlos Rosario International Public Charter School share their dreams. Maksym Olah is from Ukraine, and Isidro Dubon comes from Central America. They are studying to become chefs and are working hard to make their American dreams come true.
VOA慢速英语:英语日常语法:常见句型:第3部分2016-09-02
What are intransitive verbs and how are they used? Find out in the third part of our series about common sentence patterns in the English language.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:提高英语水平系列:通过概念图提高写作能力2016-08-31
Concept maps show the links between ideas in your writing. They can help English learners avoid writing that lacks clarity and cohesion. Babi Kruchin and Alan Kennedy discuss how English learners can use concept maps to write develop academic writing skills.
VOA慢速英语:Lesson 26: This Game Is Fun!2016-08-29
This is the 26th lesson of Lets Learn English - a 52-week course for English learners. Certified American English teachers designed the course.This week, Anna plays the game Catch Americana and learns more about U.S. Presidents. She also learns to watch where she walks!
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新移民在厨房里寻找他们的美国梦2016-08-28
Some U.S. public schools provide English language instruction and job-specific training to adult immigrants in separate adult education programs. One such school is Carlos Rosario International Public Charter School. VOA visits the school to find out how students learn to be chefs.
VOA慢速英语:英语日常语法:正确使用代词2016-08-26
Sometimes English speakers try to be too correct. That is what often happens with the pronouns I and me.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国大学生不爱吃饭爱喝酒?2016-08-24
Alcohol appears in almost every movie and television program about life at U.S. universities. Many students drink alcohol while many others avoid it completely. But recent research shows the ideas and habits students have created about drinking in college may cause serious problems.
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