美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:



3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:微软:美国教师缺乏计算机技能培训2018-12-13
A new study involving American teachers has found a shortage of computer science training in U.S. schools.
For years, critics of U.S. higher education have accused colleges and universities of being centers of liberal thought. A new study suggests that school administration officials are often more likely to support liberal causes or ways of thinking than coll
The 2016 movie Moana tells the story of a girl who lives on an island in the Pacific Ocean. Now, a Hawaiian language version of the film is being provided to schools across Hawaii in an effort to get students interested in the language.
Many college and university students in the United States stop their education without earning a degree. But one organization is leading an effort to prevent this.
A school in the U.S. state of Wyoming has only one student, and just one teacher.
As the demand for mental health services increases in American higher education, one website aims to offer additional solutions.
U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos has proposed new guidelines on a U.S. law that protects against sexual violence in schools. The plan would change previous guidelines created during the administration of President Barack Obama.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:前纽约市长捐赠18亿美元给约翰霍普金斯大学2018-11-21
Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg has announced he will be giving the largest donation ever to the university he once attended.
As most of modern society increases investments in information technology, a new study finds higher education is limiting spending on IT products and services.
The number of new international students attending American colleges and universities dropped for the second straight year. Arriving foreign students fell about 7 percent in the 2017-2018 school year, a not-for-profit research group found.
The U.S. Department of Education operates College Scorecard, a website that lists all kinds of information about colleges and universities nationwide. In September, the department removed the national median data from the system. Critics say the change se
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:也门教师在自己家中为700名学生授课2018-11-08
A Yemeni teacher wanted to improve education for students suffering during the country’s civil war. So he came up with the idea to turn his own home into a school.
After years of accepting money from Saudi Arabia, many colleges and universities in the United States are rethinking their ties with the country. This is in reaction to the disappearance and killing of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi citizen and writer.
The number of English language learners continues to rise in American public schools. Nearly 10 percent of U.S. public school students were English language learners in 2015, the U.S. Department of Education has reported.
It has become much more common for people in the United States to choose non-degree credential programs in place of costly degree programs. These credentials can lead to well-paying jobs. But new research suggests they may not serve men and women equally.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:语言学习:婴儿们一起学习事半功倍2018-10-25
A new study has found that young babies learning language skills from video do better when learning with other babies than alone.
A court has rejected attempts by the United States Department of Education to delay student loan relief for former students at for-profit colleges.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:哈佛被指控歧视亚裔美国人2018-10-18
Arguments have begun in a case accusing Harvard University of discriminating against Asian-Americans seeking admission.
A new study suggests that public colleges and universities in the United States are failing to serve African American students in several ways.
Home-sharing service Airbnb recently announced that one of the most popular jobs among its US hosts is teacher.
The promise of free higher education may be very appealing to many people in the United States. But two new studies suggest that free college may not be as free as it appears.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:波多黎各学生仍受飓风玛丽亚余威影响2018-10-04
One year after Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, students there are still suffering effects of the deadly storm.
More and more college students are using laptop computers and other electronic devices during classes. A new study suggests this may be harming their learning.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:更多美国学校教授如何识别假新闻2018-09-27
An increasing number of American states are now requiring schools to teach skills for recognizing real and false news.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:报告显示美国大学已摒弃大论文写作2018-09-24
The tradition of college and university students writing many very long essays may not be as common as was once thought, a new study suggests.
A United Nations report has found that about half of students aged 13 to 15 worldwide have experienced some form of violence or bullying in school.
The parents of two young men who died while trying to become members of social groups at universities in the U.S. are trying to change the culture that led to the deaths of their children.
The Sovereign Community School, the first school in Oklahoma to serve only American Indians, will launch next year
The number of international students who stay in the United States to work after completing their college studies has been rising since 2008.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:盖茨基金会提供9200万美元资助美国少数族裔学生2018-09-06
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is providing $92 million in assistance in a new effort to help minority and low-income students succeed. The assistance will come in the form of grants to 19 school programs across 13 American states.
Several organizations are trying to create new ways of testing people’s English language abilities, in part, in the hopes of bringing more people into higher education. But they are not without their critics.
New studies have found a majority of teachers believe technology is helping them do a better job in the classroom. But research also shows that many educators are also concerned that digital devices can cause physical and mental harm to students.
A new study examines the importance of a college graduate’s first job. Accepting a position that does not require a degree can set workers on a path of low pay and underemployment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现美国政府日益偏重特许学校2018-08-24
A new study found that support among Americans for charter schools and voucher programs grew from last year.
An increasing number of American states have identified teacher shortages as a major problem. There is especially a great need for teachers of special education, science and math. In some areas, districts also cannot find enough qualified language teacher
New research shows that many of the students who leave higher education without successfully earning a degree are often three-quarters or more of the way done with their programs.
One American university is putting electronic personal assistants in every student housing room. Saint Louis University recently announced it will place Amazon’s Alexa device in every living space on campus.
Choosing to study at a college or university is a huge decision, and where you go can affect your life in many ways. So, officials say it is important that if you are unhappy with the school you chose to attend, you might want to consider transferring.
In recent weeks, we have talked about how people learning a foreign language can be fooled by “false friends.” These are words that look or sound alike in other languages, but have completely different meanings.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国大学录取新生更看重什么条件2018-08-07
Most colleges publish information about their costs and information about admissions on their website.
Most people would not group video gaming with more physically demanding sports, like football or basketball. But gaming has reached such a high level of competition that some schools are now offering full financial aid for players of esports.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:部分大学允许学生拿到工资后再给学费2018-07-30
Instead of loans, some colleges are experimenting with paying for students’ college education in exchange for a percentage of their future salary.
After wide criticism from the U.S. teaching Community, the College Board announces the exam will cover material stating at 1200.
Students often miss their friends and family when they leave home and go off to a college or university. But some schools are starting to let students bring a dog, cat or other beloved pet with them.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:更多美国学校提供国际学士课程2018-07-19
High school students in the U.S. increasingly have a new option to challenge themselves: the International Baccalaureate, or IB. The program is a demanding two-year curriculum. It aims to prepare students for college-level work, support independent resear
The process of applying for admission to colleges and universities in the United States is complex, and competitive. For some students, a school that offers open enrollment’ may be the best choice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国政府撤销要求学校招生考虑种族多样化问题2018-07-14
The Trump Administration said it will cancel guidance that urges school officials to consider race.
American high school students might have a big change in their world history education next year. The College Board announced in May that it plans to limit the amount of material covered in its Advanced Placement (AP) World History exam.
Everyone has some skill or quality which could be useful if it were shared with the world. But sometimes it takes an educational environment, like that at the University of Denver, to bring it out.
In order to become the best person in a given field, years of study are often required. Luckily, students at the University of Nevada Las Vegas say their school does all it can to support them reach their goals
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