美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:实行“捕捞份额”实现可持续渔业发展2015-08-29
More than 25 percent of the world's fisheries are overfished, according to the United Nations. Many communities worldwide depend on the ocean for their livelihoods. Now, they are struggling to manage resources. A growing number are adopting programs called catch shares.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:探索发展项目失败的原因2010-10-18
Last week we told you about FAILFaire, an event where people talk about international development projects that failed.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:捐赠者承诺120亿抗击艾滋,结核和疟疾2010-10-11
The Global Fund held a two-day conference last week in New York. This is the largest pledge the eight-year-old organization has ever received. Stefan Emblad is the director of resource mobilization.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Calling Attention to Mental Health as a 'Neglected Issue'2010-10-06
Sunday, October tenth, is World Mental Health Day. This year's observance centers on the relationship between mental health and chronic physical conditions like diabetes and cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:创建清洁炉灶市场2010-10-04
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has announced a plan to get cleaner-burning cooking stoves into developing countries. The plan aims to reduce deaths caused by smoke from the traditional use of solid fuels and open fires.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Project Seeks to Cut Deaths, Build Market for Clean Cookstoves2010-09-28
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has announced a plan to get cleaner-burning cooking stoves into developing countries. The plan aims to reduce deaths caused by smoke from the traditional use of solid fuels and open fires.
voa慢速英语:Developmen Report(2010-09-27)2010-09-27
voa慢速英语:Developmen Report(2010-09-27)
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:非政府组织从失败中吸取教训2010-09-20
Week after week, we bring you stories about projects to improve lives in the developing world. Projects like banking by mobile phone or low-cost lighting systems or even a toilet bag that recycles itself into fertilizer.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Cooking Meals With the Sun for Fuel2010-09-13
Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:怎样制作熏鱼——第二部分2010-09-06
Today we have the second of two reports explaining how to prepare fish by drying or smoking them.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:进口食品增加太平洋岛国肥胖健康问题2010-08-30
The World Health Organization says obesity rates are rising in Pacific island countries. So, too, are health problems linked to being overweight.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:简单技术让去壳更简单2010-08-23
Peanuts, or groundnuts, are an important crop in many developing countries. But getting them out of their shell is tiring without a machine.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Rural Areas of Kenya Get Connected to the Web2010-08-16
Their idea was to connect the communities to the Web by satellite. But there was a problem. The areas are not even connected to Kenya's electric power supply. The answer: solar panels. Energy from the sun powers the satellite dishes and computers that link the areas with the world outside.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Got Milk? How to Make Yogurt2010-08-09
Yogurt is a healthy food that can be made at home. One way to make it is to first buy some yogurt from a store or purchase dry yogurt culture. Add two small spoonfuls of the yogurt to two cups of milk. This will be the starter for your own yogurt. A cup in the United States is two hundred forty milliliters.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:洪水过后注意食品安全2010-08-02
Food that has come in contact with floodwaters can sicken anyone who eats it. Water from floods may contain animal and human waste. It can also contain other pollutants like chemicals from agriculture and industry.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:讲述无国界医生的影片2010-07-26
Living in Emergency Stories of Doctors Without Borders is a documentary by movie director Mark Hopkins. It tells the story of four doctors and their volunteer work in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:用自然染料为生活增色彩2010-07-19
Dye can bring a little color to life. Most clothing is colored with dyes. Modern, manufactured dyes can be costly. Natural dyes from plant and animal products have been used since ancient times. So this week, we describe a natural way to dye wool.
voa慢速英语:南非面临裂谷热爆发2010-07-15
Rift Valley fever mainly affects farm animals. But the virus can also infect humans, and South Africa has been experiencing an outbreak. The National Institute for Communicable Diseases reported two hundred twenty-five confirmed human cases as of July second. Twenty-five of the people died.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:南非面临裂谷热爆发2010-07-12
Rift Valley fever mainly affects farm animals. But the virus can also infect humans, and South Africa has been experiencing an outbreak. The National Institute for Communicable Diseases reported two hundred twenty-five confirmed human cases as of July second. Twenty-five of the people died.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:NBA明星利用名声为人民谋利2010-07-05
Manute Bol played ten years in the National Basketball Association. But he will be remembered as much for his shot-blocking in the NBA as for his charity work in Sudan. He died June nineteenth from kidney failure and a rare and painful skin disorder.
voa慢速英语:制作珠子,改善乌干达生活2010-06-28
Diamonds may be a girl's best friend, as the old saying goes. But some women are finding a lot to like about colorful beads from Uganda made of recycled paper. The beads are sold by a nonprofit organization in the United States called BeadforLife.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:电子医疗服务,仅需一个电话2010-06-21
Sending and receiving money by text message. Sharing crop prices. Just talking to a loved one far from home. These are some of the ways that mobile phones have changed lives in developing countries. Another way is through e-health, electronic health services.
voa慢速英语:Human Trafficking a Problem in Major Cities Across US2010-06-14
Each year since two thousand one, the American State Department has published a Trafficking in Persons Report. It measures efforts by countries to fight human trafficking. This year's report, out Monday, adds the United States for the first time.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:全世界范围护士短缺2010-06-07
The health care industry needs more nurses. All areas of the world face a nursing shortage. But the shortage is most severe in developing countries. Many of their nurses leave. They move to more developed nations for better pay, better working conditions and better chances for career development.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语附字幕:世界无烟日,关注女性健康2010-05-31
World No Tobacco Day is celebrated each thirty-first of May. The observance is meant to bring attention to the growing use of tobacco and its deadly effects. The World Health Assembly established the event in nineteen eighty-seven. This year, special attention is being given to the harmful effects of tobacco marketing to women and girls.
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