美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:实行“捕捞份额”实现可持续渔业发展2017-04-18
More than 25 percent of the world's fisheries are overfished, according to the United Nations. Many communities worldwide depend on the ocean for their livelihoods. Now, they are struggling to manage resources. A growing number are adopting programs call
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:探索发展项目失败的原因2017-04-18
Last week we told you about FAILFaire, an event where people talk about international development projects that failed.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:捐赠者承诺120亿抗击艾滋,结核和疟疾2017-04-18
The Global Fund held a two-day conference last week in New York. This is the largest pledge the eight-year-old organization has ever received. Stefan Emblad is the director of resource mobilization.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Calling Attention to Mental Health as a 'Neglected Issue'2017-04-18
Sunday, October tenth, is World Mental Health Day. This year's observance centers on the relationship between mental health and chronic physical conditions like diabetes and cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:创建清洁炉灶市场2017-04-18
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has announced a plan to get cleaner-burning cooking stoves into developing countries. The plan aims to reduce deaths caused by smoke from the traditional use of solid fuels and open fires.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Project Seeks to Cut Deaths, Build Market for Clean Cookstoves2017-04-18
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has announced a plan to get cleaner-burning cooking stoves into developing countries. The plan aims to reduce deaths caused by smoke from the traditional use of solid fuels and open fires.
voa慢速英语:Developmen Report(2010-09-27)2017-04-18
voa慢速英语:Developmen Report(2010-09-27)
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:非政府组织从失败中吸取教训2017-04-18
Week after week, we bring you stories about projects to improve lives in the developing world. Projects like banking by mobile phone or low-cost lighting systems or even a toilet bag that recycles itself into fertilizer.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Cooking Meals With the Sun for Fuel2017-04-18
Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook fo
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:怎样制作熏鱼——第二部分2017-04-18
Today we have the second of two reports explaining how to prepare fish by drying or smoking them.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:进口食品增加太平洋岛国肥胖健康问题2017-04-18
The World Health Organization says obesity rates are rising in Pacific island countries. So, too, are health problems linked to being overweight.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:简单技术让去壳更简单2017-04-18
Peanuts, or groundnuts, are an important crop in many developing countries. But getting them out of their shell is tiring without a machine.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Rural Areas of Kenya Get Connected to the Web2017-04-18
Their idea was to connect the communities to the Web by satellite. But there was a problem. The areas are not even connected to Kenya's electric power supply. The answer: solar panels. Energy from the sun powers the satellite dishes and computers that li
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Got Milk? How to Make Yogurt2017-04-18
Yogurt is a healthy food that can be made at home. One way to make it is to first buy some yogurt from a store or purchase dry yogurt culture. Add two small spoonfuls of the yogurt to two cups of milk. This will be the starter for your own yogurt. A cup i
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:洪水过后注意食品安全2017-04-18
Food that has come in contact with floodwaters can sicken anyone who eats it. Water from floods may contain animal and human waste. It can also contain other pollutants like chemicals from agriculture and industry.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:讲述无国界医生的影片2017-04-18
Living in Emergency Stories of Doctors Without Borders is a documentary by movie director Mark Hopkins. It tells the story of four doctors and their volunteer work in Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:用自然染料为生活增色彩2017-04-18
Dye can bring a little color to life. Most clothing is colored with dyes. Modern, manufactured dyes can be costly. Natural dyes from plant and animal products have been used since ancient times. So this week, we describe a natural way to dye wool.
voa慢速英语:南非面临裂谷热爆发2017-04-18
Rift Valley fever mainly affects farm animals. But the virus can also infect humans, and South Africa has been experiencing an outbreak. The National Institute for Communicable Diseases reported two hundred twenty-five confirmed human cases as of July sec
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:南非面临裂谷热爆发2017-04-18
Rift Valley fever mainly affects farm animals. But the virus can also infect humans, and South Africa has been experiencing an outbreak. The National Institute for Communicable Diseases reported two hundred twenty-five confirmed human cases as of July sec
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:NBA明星利用名声为人民谋利2017-04-18
Manute Bol played ten years in the National Basketball Association. But he will be remembered as much for his shot-blocking in the NBA as for his charity work in Sudan. He died June nineteenth from kidney failure and a rare and painful skin disorder.
voa慢速英语:制作珠子,改善乌干达生活2017-04-18
Diamonds may be a girl's best friend, as the old saying goes. But some women are finding a lot to like about colorful beads from Uganda made of recycled paper. The beads are sold by a nonprofit organization in the United States called BeadforLife.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:电子医疗服务,仅需一个电话2017-04-18
Sending and receiving money by text message. Sharing crop prices. Just talking to a loved one far from home. These are some of the ways that mobile phones have changed lives in developing countries. Another way is through e-health, electronic health servi
voa慢速英语:Human Trafficking a Problem in Major Cities Across US2017-04-18
Each year since two thousand one, the American State Department has published a Trafficking in Persons Report. It measures efforts by countries to fight human trafficking. This year's report, out Monday, adds the United States for the first time.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:全世界范围护士短缺2017-04-18
The health care industry needs more nurses. All areas of the world face a nursing shortage. But the shortage is most severe in developing countries. Many of their nurses leave. They move to more developed nations for better pay, better working conditions
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语附字幕:世界无烟日,关注女性健康2017-04-18
World No Tobacco Day is celebrated each thirty-first of May. The observance is meant to bring attention to the growing use of tobacco and its deadly effects. The World Health Assembly established the event in nineteen eighty-seven. This year, special atte
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:保护新生儿免于HIV感染的新药物2017-04-18
Researchers say they have found a way to extend the storage life of a drug used to treat H.I.V. Their work could give infected mothers in the developing world a new way to prevent the spread of the AIDS virus to their newborn babies. The drug is nevirapin
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:国际会议讨论反对使用童工计划2017-04-18
Delegates from around the world have agreed on a new plan to end the worst kinds of child labor by two thousand sixteen. More than four hundred fifty delegates from eighty countries approved the plan at the Global Child Labor Conference. It was held in Th
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:美国支持全世界穆斯林企业家2017-04-18
The Obama administration has launched the first in a series of projects to support entrepreneurs in Muslim communities worldwide. The Global Entrepreneurship Program will provide advice and other help for businesses to succeed.
voa慢速英语:World Bank Sees Progress on Development Goals2017-04-18
The World Bank says most developing countries have made important progress toward the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:印度Aravind眼科医院获希尔顿奖2017-04-18
An eye care organization in India is being honored for its efforts. On Tuesday, Aravind Eye Care System will receive the Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize. The award will be presented in Redwood City, California, during a conference of the Global Philan
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:电脑,儿童和数字化鸿沟2017-04-18
Market researchers estimate that more than one billion personal computers are in use worldwide. Availability has improved in developing countries, but still remains limited compared to industrialized nations. Experts continue to debate how best to close t
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:为贫困人口研制有价值的个人厕所2017-04-18
The name sounds funny but the idea is no joke: a personal toilet called the Peepoo. Anders Wilhelmson is the Swedish inventor of the idea. He wants to give poor people in developing countries a simple way to improve their lives.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Water Shortages Continue to Threaten the World's...2017-04-18
The lack of clean drinking water is a major problem worldwide. The World Health Organization says more than one billion people live in areas where renewable water resources are not available. The problem is especially serious in Asia and the Pacific. A Un
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:保护儿童免受肺炎危害2017-04-18
Millions of babies and children could soon be protected against the deadly disease pneumonia. Two leading drug companies have agreed to supply vaccines against pneumococcal disease to the world's poorest countries at a reduced price. Pfizer and GlaxoSmit
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:请加入地球熄灯一小时2017-04-18
This Saturday night at eight thirty, all the lights will be shut off at the Tokyo Tower in Japan. The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin and the Eiffel Tower in Paris are also expected to go dark. So is the Empire State Building in New York and buildings in other
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:种植抗旱作物2017-04-18
Scientists are working to develop crop plants that can reduce the amount of water used for agriculture. Almost sixty percent of the world's freshwater withdrawals from rivers, lakes and other water resources go toward irrigating fields.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:降低早产风险的简单方法2017-04-18
We talked last week about a new report on preterm births -- the leading cause of death in newborn babies worldwide. Each year an estimated thirteen million babies are born too soon. More than one million of them die as a result of their prematurity. Yet e
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:怎样识别假药2017-04-18
We talked last week about counterfeit medicines and how the problem is especially bad in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The World Health Organization says up to thirty percent of the medicine sold in many developing countries is not real.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:假药的危害2017-04-18
Counterfeit medicines are a widespread problem in developing countries. Like other counterfeits, they look like real products. But counterfeit drugs may contain too much, too little or none of the active ingredients of the real thing.
voa慢速英语:UNICEF Appeals for Aid for Women and Children2017-04-18
Haiti was considered to be in crisis long before the earthquake in January. The deputy executive director of UNICEF, Hilde Johnson, says the quake has only made the need for aid more immediate. But she says children all over the world have the right to th
[VOA发展报道]Increasing Food Security in Dry Areas of the Middle East2017-04-18
Agricultural experts have launched a land and water management project in the Middle East. The project seeks to increase food security in dry areas. Researchers say the water availability in some of the areas has dropped well below the internationally rec
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:增强中东干旱地区粮食安全2017-04-18
Agricultural experts have launched a land and water management project in the Middle East. The project seeks to increase food security in dry areas. Researchers say the water availability in some of the areas has dropped well below the internationally rec
[VOA发展报道]Breathing Easier: The Art of Stove Making2017-04-18
More than three billion people are at risk from indoor air pollution because of the heating or cooking fuels they use. Most live in Africa, India and China. They use biomass fuels like wood, crop waste, animal waste or coal. These solid fuels may be the l
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:让呼吸更轻松:制作炉子的艺术2017-04-18
More than three billion people are at risk from indoor air pollution because of the heating or cooking fuels they use. Most live in Africa, India and China. They use biomass fuels like wood, crop waste, animal waste or coal. These solid fuels may be the l
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:预防蛇咬伤,改善治疗方法2017-04-18
Snakes bite an estimated five and a half million people worldwide each year. Experts say tens of thousands of people die from venom poisoning.An untreated or incorrectly treated bite might require the removal of a bitten foot, for example, or an arm. Each
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:新疫苗预防小儿麻痹症2017-04-18
The World Health Organization has begun to use a new vaccine against polio. Officials say it will become a major tool in the campaign to end a disease that mainly affects children under age five.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:太阳能抽水机为非洲农民提供帮助2017-04-18
A new study in West Africa shows how farm irrigation systems powered by the sun can produce more food and money for villagers. The study in Benin found that solar-powered pumps are effective in supplying water, especially during the long dry season.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:治疗昏睡病的新方法2017-04-18
The World Health Organization is using a new combination of drugs to treat human African trypanosomiasis disease, also known as sleeping sickness. The drugs nifurtimox an eflornithine will be given out in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:发展中国家残疾问题调查2017-04-18
A new study says the leading cause of disability in older people in low and middle income countries is dementia. The researchers disagree with the World Health Organization which says blindness and other vision problems are the leading cause.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:为贫困国家家庭带来光明2017-04-18
More than one and a half billion people around the world live without electricity. Finding better ways to bring light to the poor is the goal of researchers like David Irvine-Halliday.

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