美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国开始从叙利亚撤军2019-01-13
A spokesman for the coalition said it "has begun the process of our deliberate withdrawal from Syria." The spokesman added said to protect security the coalition would not provide details on troop movements.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:英国进行退出欧盟的影响测试2019-01-10
This week, Britain has carried out testing to see how its transportation system could be affected under a “no-deal” exit from the European Union.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究:美国人只赞成出于健康目的进行基因编辑2019-01-10
Many Americans approve of the use of gene-editing technology. But they also worry over exactly how it will be used.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:词汇典故:关于运动鞋的英语词汇2019-01-10
In this Words and Their Stories, learn more about this popular footwear -- sneakers!
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:佩洛西当选美国众议院议长 特朗普迎来挑战者2019-01-10
The legislators took office Thursday in the middle of a partial government shutdown. The shutdown dispute is over President Donald Trump’s demand for money to build a wall along the U.S-Mexico border.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:什么是杰利蝾螈(Gerrymander)?2019-01-02
The term was first used in 1812 by an artist who made pictures for a newspaper. The artist wanted to call attention to a strangely-shaped voting area in the state of Massachusetts.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:请教老师:Sorry与Excuse Me的区别2018-12-31
Have you ever wondered about the difference between Excuse me and Sorry? Todays question comes from our reader Slava.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:朝鲜和韩国官员庆祝联合铁路项目开工2018-12-29
North and South Korea held a ceremony on Wednesday to mark the beginning of an effort to modernize the North’s railways and roads. The countries received permission from the U.N. for a joint inspection of North Korea’s railroad system.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:2018年逝世的公众人物们2018-12-29
Anti-apartheid activist Winnie Mandela and astronaut Alan Bean were among those we lost this year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:84岁老妇人:大学学位的终生目标,达成!2018-12-28
One American woman waited many years to reach her goal of receiving a college degree. But it finally happened.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国人口普查细则及其作用2018-12-26
By counting the population, the Census helps determine how many lawmakers each area will send to Congress.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:越来越多的人想要移民2018-12-26
The reasons are the same, but the number is increasing, a recent Gallup study found.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:经济专家担心韩国经济陷入衰退2018-12-25
South Korea’s President has proposed measures designed to increase economic growth in the country. A recent report suggests that South Korea could face difficult economic times if there are no changes in the current policies.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国盟友们对马蒂斯辞职表示担忧2018-12-23
Traditional allies of the United States are expressing concern about the resignation of U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis. President Donald Trump announced Thursday that Mattis will leave the job in February. The announcement came a day after Trump said t
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:各国对特朗普从叙利亚撤军决定的反应2018-12-22
Syrian Kurdish allies of the United States are worried about President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw all U.S. military forces from Syria. The Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said in a statement Thursday that a U.S. withdrawal could give Islam
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国进入记者遇难人数最多的国家名单2018-12-21
On a list of countries where journalists fear for their lives, the United States is number 5.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:阿富汗的2018:恐袭、选举、与塔利班谈判2018-12-20
A year of unrest in Afghanistan is ending with new hope that a reconciliation process with the Taliban may be possible.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:肺病非传统治疗方式:唱歌2018-12-20
A doctor in Hungary is giving her patients a very different type of treatment to help them breathe more easily.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:圣诞歌曲《平安夜》 创作200年2018-12-18
On the night before Christmas in 1818, an Austrian clergyman and a music teacher sang a song that they wrote together for the first time. They did not know it at the time, but their song would go on to be the world’s most famous Christmas carol.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:请教老师:怎样学更多的单词2018-12-17
In this weeks Ask a Teacher, Banin asks how he can improve his vocabulary.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:2018年谷歌热搜榜:世界杯、电影黑豹、斯坦·李2018-12-16
The World Cup, the movie Black Panther, Meghan Markle and the deaths of several famous people are among the most popular Google searches of 2018.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:百年来澳大利亚野生动物第一次受到威胁2018-12-14
For the first time in more than a century, bilbies are running wild in Southeastern Australia. The small animals were once widespread across much of Australia, but were last observed in the wild in New South Wales state in 1912.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:微软:美国教师缺乏计算机技能培训2018-12-13
A new study involving American teachers has found a shortage of computer science training in U.S. schools.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:政治危机重创斯里兰卡旅游业2018-12-12
The month of December usually marks the beginning of tourism season in Sri Lanka. Visitors come to the Indian Ocean island nation to enjoy...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:宝马加入改善刚果采矿条件的项目2018-12-11
Many companies involved in cobalt mining have been accused of environmental, health and safety and human rights violations. German carmaker BMW is exploring ways to improve working conditions at cobalt mines in Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:特朗普宣布新的司法部长和联合国大使人选2018-12-10
United States President Donald Trump announced Friday that he will nominate former attorney general William Barr to lead the Justice Department. Trump told reporters that Barr was my first choice since day one.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:电影《Vice》领跑金球奖提名2018-12-08
he Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated the political comedy Vice for more Golden Globes on Thursday than any other film. It earned six nominations, including best comedy or musical, best actor and best director.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:九岁男孩成功解除小镇打雪仗禁令2018-12-07
Cold, snowy weather has arrived in many places. That means young people are enjoying building snowmen, going sledding and having snowball fights. But in one small American city, snowball fights are illegal until a nine-year-old decided to change it.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:军犬萨伦伯格送别老布什总统2018-12-06
All day, thousands of people walked by Bushs flag-covered casket. Alongside them was someone that came into his life only recently: his service dog, Sully. Bush received Sully in June from Americas VetDogs, an organization that trains dogs to help war vet
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国将为前总统老布什举行国葬2018-12-05
Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush returns to Washington, DC Monday for the last time. Bush died last Friday at the age of 94. He served as president from 1989 to 1993 after a long career in government service.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:米其林授出美国首位三星级女厨师2018-12-04
Dominique Crenn has become the first woman in the United State to receive this amazing French honor.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国如何制定法律2018-12-04
The United States Congress is responsible for making and approving federal laws – rules that everyone in the country must follow. But exactly how do those laws get made? The process is not easy, and it takes a long time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国宇航局:私人公司即将登月2018-12-03
NASA officials say private companies will make America’s next moon landing. The space agency said the goal is to bring as many different science and technology experiments to the moon as soon as possible. The first such flight could come next year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:乌克兰寻求北约帮助对抗俄罗斯2018-12-02
Ukraine is seeking support from NATO after Russia seized three Ukrainian ships and their crews in the Black Sea. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko urged NATO to deploy naval ships to the area to assist Ukraine.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:俄罗斯:乌克兰进入战备状态后果自负2018-11-30
Ukraine has approved 30 days of martial law in 10 regions after Russian forces seized three Ukrainian ships and their crews in the Black Sea. The incident comes as Ukrainians prepare for presidential and parliamentary elections next year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:吸引力下降?美国非法移民数创十年来最低点2018-11-30
The numbers of people entering the U.S. illegally were at their lowest in ten years in 2016, a new study finds. The number of unauthorized immigrant workers has also fallen, along with their share of the total U.S. workforce.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国议员寻求解除众议院戴帽禁令2018-11-27
If the change is permitted, Somali-American Ilhan Omar will be the first federal lawmaker to wear a religious headscarf.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:请教老师:Well与Good的区别2018-11-26
Hello! I would like to know when to use well or good. – Valentina
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:FAO Schwarz玩具店重返纽约2018-11-24
Three years after closing its beloved toy store on Fifth Avenue, FAO Schwarz has returned to New York City.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:法国大学将提供更多的英语课程2018-11-24
French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced the plan on Monday. He said increasing the number of foreigners studying in the country would help build French influence overseas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国联邦法官“叫停”特朗普移民庇护禁令2018-11-23
A U.S. federal judge stopped a presidential order that would have blocked immigrants from seeking asylum if they entered the United States illegally.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:前纽约市长捐赠18亿美元给约翰霍普金斯大学2018-11-21
Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg has announced he will be giving the largest donation ever to the university he once attended.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:第67届环球小姐选美大赛2018-11-20
The 67th Miss Universe beauty pageant will take place December 16 in Bangkok, Thailand. The competition will include young women from around the world representing their countries. But one South American country, Chile, will not be represented by a native
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:你了解美国国会大厦吗?2018-11-20
The Capitol building is one of the best-known symbols of the U.S. government.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:孟加拉国放弃遣返罗兴亚难民2018-11-19
Bangladeshi officials have called off a plan to start returning an estimated 700,000 Muslim Rohingya refugees to Myanmar. The officials said that many of the refugees simply do not want to go.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:2018年牛津大学年度词汇:Toxic2018-11-19
Oxford said its data showed a 45 percent rise in searches for the word toxic on its website in 2018.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:官员:加州大火致大约100人失踪2018-11-17
Officials have released the names of the missing people. Many are older people, in their 80s and 90s. The fires, near both ends of the state, have claimed the lives of at least 51 people, with 48 dead in Northern California and three in Southern Californi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:打孩子屁股或造成长期的伤害2018-11-15
Is spanking, or hitting, a good way to get a child to act well? New research shows that it may do more harm than good.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:漫威之父斯坦李去世 众明星推特诉哀思2018-11-15
Lee is the creator of famous comic book characters, including Spider-Man, the Hulk, Black Panther and others. He died Monday in Los Angeles, California. He was 95 years old.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国国会的职能是什么?2018-11-14
In the United States, voters choose members of Congress every two years. But what exactly is Congress?
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