美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

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Netflix said in a statement it aims to increase its investment in Asian storytellers, amplifying their voices to the world.
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Family members and allies of two former Thai leaders formed a new political party this week.
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Humanitarian aid workers are often the target of armed groups in conflict areas. Recently in Nigeria, Boko Haram militants killed two aid workers they had kidnapped.
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The huge online store and technology company reportedly has narrowed its search to two cities where is could split its second headquarters.
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More than 100 women were elected to United States legislative office in mid-term elections Tuesday. A record number will serve in the new Congress. The results came almost two years after women marched in Washington and cities across the country to oppose
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国再次全面制裁伊朗核计划相关行业2018-11-08
United States sanctions on Iran’s oil and finance industries took full effect on Monday. Eight countries received temporary permission to continue oil imports from the country.
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The law is to take effect next month. It bars artists and musicians from “providing their services” in any place open to the public, including privately owned spaces, without first getting government approval.
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Venetians do not want the city to become what some are calling a Disneyland on water. Their biggest objection is to the huge cruise ships that stop at Saint Marks Square.
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The election will decide whether Donald Trump’s political party will continue to control Congress.
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In a few weeks, the world will mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One. But experts in France say it could be another 100 years before France is cleansed from the weapons left behind.
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The crash of Lion Air Flight 610 has shocked Indonesia. President Joko Widodo ordered the transport safety commission to investigate. He urge people to keep on praying as rescue crews continue their search for victims.
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NASA, the American space agency, launched the Parker Solar Probe two months ago. Recently, the spacecraft passed the old record for closest approach to the Sun by a human-made object.
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The 2017-2018 flu season hit the United States hard. Health experts say flu and flu-related illness likely killed more than 80,000 people.
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European and Japanese space agencies have successfully launched a spacecraft as part of a joint effort to study Mercury, the closest planet to the sun.
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The English word foot has more than one meaning. In the United States, one meaning is a unit of measurement equal to 12 inches, or .3 meters. We use feet to measure height, length and short distances. Today’s question is about when to use the plural or si
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Trump criticized a story by the New York Times which says Chinese and Russian spies listen to his telephone calls. The Chinese foreign ministry called the story fake news and suggested using Huawei phones.
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A small piece of white paper sold at a convenience store in South Carolina is now worth more than $1.5 billion.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:土耳其总统:沙特蓄谋杀害记者哈苏吉2018-10-26
Turkeys President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told the countrys parliament that he was not satisfied with Saudi Arabias explanation of the killing of Jamal Khashoggi. Erdogan said the Saudis plotted to kill the Saudi journalist in Istanbul days ahead of time.
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For a $2 ticket, people have a chance to win the Mega Millions record-breaking lottery jackpot of $1.6 billion. The drawing is on Tuesday night in the United States. Players also have a chance at winning the Powerball jackpot, which is now up to $620 mill
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家:城市发展将加剧住房危机2018-10-24
Close to 70 percent of the worlds population will live in cities by the year 2050. That prediction comes from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:请教老师:Study与Learn的用法2018-10-22
English language learners use the verbs study and learn all the time. Yet, they often are unsure which to choose in a situation. Our subject today comes from Salah of Yemen.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:FBI调查教堂内儿童性虐待案件2018-10-21
In August, a grand jury released a report about such accusations. The report accused 301 priests in Pennsylvania of sexually abusing more than 1,000 children over 70 years. It also said that high-level church officials hid the activities to protect the ac
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The Russian Orthodox Church broke ties with the Patriarchate of Constantinople, Orthodox Christianity’s leader. The move came after the Patriarchate recognized the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
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Kensington Palace tweeted Monday that Meghan Markle and Prince Harry are expecting a child in the spring.
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Arguments have begun in a case accusing Harvard University of discriminating against Asian-Americans seeking admission.
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No one has seen or heard from him since October 2. That was the day when he walked into Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul. Turkish government officials have said he was killed inside the office. Saudi Arabian officials deny harming the journalist.
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Two astronauts traveling to the International Space Station had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed. The men returned to Earth safely.
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Google has launched the latest versions of its Pixel smartphone, as well as a new tablet computer and a smart home controller.
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On Sunday night, Swift did something that she has never done before. She announced her opposition to one candidate, and her support for others, running in November’s midterm elections.
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The decreasing effectiveness of antibiotics is among the most serious problems facing modern medicine.
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The White House gave Brett Kavanaugh a ceremonial swearing-in to high court service, following his disputed nomination. Americans remain sharply divided over the appointment just one month before US mid-term elections.
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Brazilians will vote Sunday in presidential elections. A total of 13 candidates are on the ballot. The leading candidate is said to be 63-year-old Jair Bolsonaro of the Social Liberal Party.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家证实发现五亿多年前动物化石2018-10-07
Scientists say they have confirmed that strange-looking fossils from more than 500 million years ago are remains of an animal.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美法加科学家获得2018年诺贝尔物理学奖2018-10-05
Arthur Ashkin of the United States will share the physics award with Gerard Mourou of France and Canada’s Donna Strickland. Strickland is the third woman two win a Nobel Physics Prize.
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An international health organization finds that the number of cancer cases worldwide is increasing. But the disease should not be a death sentence anymore. Many things known to increase a person’s risk are preventable.
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The work of American James Allison and Japan’s Tasuku Honjo led to greatly improved therapies for skin cancer, as well as cancers of the lung, head, neck, kidney and liver.
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A growing number of major American companies are warning that President Donald Trump’s tariffs on U.S. imports are raising their co...
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In today’s Ask a Teacher, Inna from the Ukraine wants to know the difference between two expressions -- one of which is very common.
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This is What’s Trending Today… Google turned 20 years old on Thursday. The search engine celebrated with a special Google Doodle video on its U.S. ho...
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The United States Federal Reserve Bank raised its main interest rate Wednesday. The move will make borrowing more costly. It may also affect countries facing sharp decreases in the exchange value of their money.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:最高法院提名人称“虚假”性侵犯指控阻止不了他2018-09-27
Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh appeared on American television Monday to say he never sexually assaulted anyone in high school or at any other time in his life.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:前美国核工厂变身野生动物保护区2018-09-26
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service officially opened the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge in Colorado last week. The factory made plutonium triggers for nuclear bombs for nearly 40 years.
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Life can be difficult. To succeed, you can't give up. But what has all this got to do with swimming? Read on to find out!
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国外国出生人口上升至百年来最高水平2018-09-23
The increase raised the number of foreign-born residents to 44.5 million in 2017, up 1.8 percent from a year earlier.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:韩国总统文在寅访问平壤2018-09-22
The leaders of South Korea and North Korea have completed their first day of talks in Pyongyang, North Korea. The visit is the third meeting between Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong Un this year.
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The world’s first hydrogen-powered trains have begun running in Germany.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:马蒂斯指责俄罗斯干涉马其顿的选举2018-09-19
American Defense Secretary Jim Mattis has accused Russia of trying to influence a planned vote in Macedonia. The vote could open a path for the country to join NATO.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:词汇典故:好奇心害死猫2018-09-18
Even many native English speakers dont know the real meaning of the idiom Curiosity killed the cat. Read on to find out.
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Organizers of the Eurovision Song Contest have chosen Tel Aviv, Israel to host its 2019 singing competition.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:特朗普的前竞选负责人接受调查2018-09-17
The deal requires Manafort to cooperate "fully and truthfully" with special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation. In return, Manafort will not face a second trial in which he could receive more severe punishment.
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