美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:约翰内斯堡推出出租车应用程序2013-11-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Getting a taxi ride in New York city is as easy as standing along a street and raising your hand high in the air. In Johannesburg, getting a taxi ride just got even easier, thanks to a new software application. SnappCab lets users call a taxi simple by touching the screen of their smartphone.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国机构测试雷达定位被困人员2013-11-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. When a building collapses, every minute is important for victims buried under the wreckage, that is why two American government agencies teamed up to develop a high-tech tool to find those who are trapped.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:乌干达通过外包中心创造就业机会2013-11-04
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. For years, many western companies have sent important business services to India, where they can be done at lower cost. This is called outsourcing, and it has brought jobs to India. Other countries have seen the economic benefit of outsourcing and are seeking to copy the Indian model.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:车牌自动识别器引发隐私问题2013-10-29
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Law enforcement agencies across the United States are using cameras to take pictures of automobile license plates. The idea is to build a computerised collection of information detailing the daily travel of millions of Americans.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:东京电力公司清理福岛核电站关键期2013-10-22
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Workers at the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan will soon begin one of the most important periods of the clean-up efforts. They will be removing the fuel rods from one of the worst-hit reactors. More than 1500 fuel rods sit in a damaged storage pool 30 meters above ground inside the reactor 4 building.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:南非互联网虽有进步但仍处于落后水平2013-10-14
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. South Africa is the richest countries in Africa, it is also one of the most modern and technologically advanced. It has some of the best rail, road and communication systems in Africa. Yet more than two-thirds of South African adults have never used the Internet.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:旅行者1号进入星际空间2013-10-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Space scientists recently announced that Voyager 1 is the first spacecraft to reach interstellar space - the space between stars. The spacecraft carries the voices and sounds of human beings and animals that were living on Earth in 1977 and with launched. The sounds are on a gold-plated phonograph record secured to the side of the spacecraft.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国商店出售3D打印机2013-09-30
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Imagine having an idea, drawing it on paper, bringing it to a store and seeing it turned into a physical object. This is now possible with the help of 3D printers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:气象学家使用超级计算器预测天气2013-09-24
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Many Americans start to closely follow weather reports in the early fall. During the Atlantic hurricane season, predicting the strength and movement of these huge storm systems is of crucial importance.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:非洲吸引高科技公司来非建基地2013-09-09
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Africa has become a growing market for high technology products, and it may soon be a base for a lot more hi-tech companies. Experts are predicting growing competition on the continent as it tends to meet the needs of its young and middle class populations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:越南发布新法律限制网络言论自由2013-08-30
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Internet activists and human rights groups are criticising a decree that is set to go into effect in Vietnam on September 1st. The order says blogs and social media sites in Vietnam should be used only to share personal information.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:谷歌眼镜引发隐私担忧2013-08-27
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Internet company Google is testing its newest high-tech device, Google Glass. Most of the technologies for Google Glass are already available on smart phones.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:互联网世界的数字图书馆2013-08-05
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. What is a place where you could find old pictures of camels carrying people to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and also books about ancient Aztecs in Mexico?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:互联网先驱者们共享一百五十万伊丽莎白女王工程奖2013-07-22
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Britains Queen Elizabeth presented her first ever Prize for Engineering, doing a ceremony in later June at Buckingham Palace. Some hope the new award will become the engineering equivalent of the Nobel Prize for scientific achievement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国最高法院裁定人类基因不能被授予专利2013-07-09
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled that businesses cannot control the rights to human genes in their natural state. Patients rights groups are calling the decision a victory. The court, however, left room to protect the patent ownership rights on some other important biotechnology applications.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:门线技术首次亮相国际足坛2013-07-02
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Goal line technology made its debut in international football at the Confederations Cup in Brazil that ended on Sunday. The move to goal line technology follows international pressure on the sports governing body FIFA after a missed call in the 2010 World Cup.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:联合国调查员呼吁禁止自主机器人杀手2013-06-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. A United Nations special investigator recently called for a ban on the production and use of lethal autonomous robots, also known as LARs. Critics say these killer robots may one day choose and strike targets independently, without human intervention.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:亚马逊在印度推出其首个购物网站2013-06-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The worlds largest online retailer company, Amazon has launched its first shopping website in India. The company hopes to make use of Indias economic growth to expand its online business.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:iPhone软件提高心脏病患者生存机会2013-06-18
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Researchers have developed an experimental iPhone application, or app, they can improve the chance of survival for heart attack victims.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:龙卷风“防空洞”保全生命2013-06-10
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The deadly tornado in Moore, Oklahoma has wind speeds of 400 kilometres an hour. 24 people were killed when the storm cut a path of destruction through the city.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:网络不稳定也能正常上网的新型路由器2013-05-21
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. A team of Americans and Kenyans has developed an Internet router made specially for Africa. They say it keeps the Internet available even in areas with undependable Internet service. The device is called Brck [pronounced Brick], it can plug into an electric source, but it is also battery powered.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:手机应用程序为照顾老年痴呆症患者提供指引2013-04-30
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Alzheimer’s disease is mostly a condition of old age. Since life expectancy is getting longer around the world, the number of people affected by the brain disease is expected to triple in some countries by the middle of the century.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[译]:加州州长造访中国为环保科技寻求投资2013-04-22
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. California Governor Jerry Brown wants to increase partnerships between his state and China. The governor traveled to China last week to seek Chinese investment in things like high-speed rail, renewable energy and electric vehicles.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[译]:印尼人民使用智能手机上网2013-04-15
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Twenty-three-year old Rio Safiyanto sells face masks, or coverings, for about 30 cents each in central Jakarta, Indonesia. He makes enough money to buy a cell phone that permits him to visit websites like Facebook and Twitter, as well as finding gaming applications, or apps.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[译]:3-D技术从电影走到现实生活2013-04-09
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Movie fans know that their action hero Superman does not really fly. And, in the movie Superman Returns, another visual trick is played on viewers. The man they see flying is not real. He is what is called a virtual actor.

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