美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:菲律宾渔民使用玻璃纤维打造船只2014-12-15
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Last year, a typhoon seriously damaged Leyte Island in the Philippines. More than 7, 300 people died or are missing. Four million Filipinos lost their homes, and many of them lost their incomes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家警告称沿海的珊瑚礁正受威胁2014-12-13
American scientists are warning of a threat to the world's coral and rocky reefs. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has identified four reasons for the threat. They are human population growth, the warming of Earth's atmosphere, pollution and overfishing – catching too many fish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国发布电子垃圾回收计划2014-12-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. South Korea is dealing with increasing amounts of waste from electronic devices. These useless or unwanted parts are often called e-waste.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家预测未来地震的强度2014-12-02
Scientists know where earthquakes are likely to take place. But it is difficult for them to predict how strong an earthquake will be. Now, American researchers have found that it may be possible to predict the strength of future quakes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:内罗毕开发追踪安全科技2014-12-01
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Kenya is East Africas largest economy. Its capital Nairobi is growing quickly. But so is the citys crime rate -- the Nairobi Metropolitan Crime Observatory says thieves steal an average of 10 cars each day.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加纳竹制自行车惹全世界关注2014-11-24
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Bicycle frames are usually made out of materials like carbon fiber, steel or aluminum. But in rural Ghana, a businessman has developed another way to make bicycles from a natural product -- bamboo.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:勇气号模仿响尾蛇避免掉入沙坑2014-11-17
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Five years ago, the Mars Rover Spirit got stuck in sand on the red planet. Spirit is one of the American space agencys two motorized vehicles on Mars.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家发明模拟人体器官的计算机芯片2014-11-10
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Testing new drugs for safety and effectiveness is a costly process in the United States. It also can take a lot of time. Some scientists are now designing silicon computer chips that act like human organs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国科学家3D打印人体活动组织替代品2014-11-03
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Three-dimensional printers are fast becoming everyday devices in the United States. Three-D printers are used to make everything from automobile parts to bone replacements for human patients.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国航空航天局就火箭爆炸事件释疑2014-10-30
An unmanned privately-owned rocket bringing supplies to the International Space Station exploded seconds after launch Tuesday night. The accident did not cause any injuries on the ground. However, it has raised questions about efforts by the US space agency NASA to use private companies to carry out near-Earth space exploration and supply missions.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:青少年教授老年人使用电子产品2014-10-27
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. When most people imagine a classroom, they think of older people teaching younger ones. But when it comes to learning about high-technology devices, the opposite can often be true.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:猎豹即将灭亡?2014-10-20
In 1900, about 100,000 cheetahs lived in the world. Today there are only 10,000 of the animals. Just about everyone knows that cheetahs are fast. Some studies have measured their speed at about 95 kilometers an hour over distances of about 366 meters.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:土豪界的Facebook2014-10-13
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Facebook and other social media sites are free for everyone. But a new social media site promises to be more exclusive by only permitting people who are rich to join.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:监控软件成为互联网监管会议上的关键问题2014-10-06
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Internet Governance Forum took place last week in Istanbul, Turkey. The United Nations provided support to the yearly conference.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:喀麦隆工程师发明检查心脏的电子设备2014-09-30
Cameroon is experimenting with Africa's first mobile system to send a cardiac, or heart signal over a wireless network. The system will give much needed medical assistance to heart patients in rural areas. Cameroonian Arthur Zang invented the device called the Cardiopad. He was just 24 years old when he invented it.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国的戒除网瘾训练营2014-09-29
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Internet is one of the most popular forms of technology. But can using Internet have the same effect as taking a drug? The answer seems to be Yes in at least one country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:比霸王龙更大的恐龙2014-09-28
Could a creature that lived 95 million years ago travel from what is now North Africa to Europe and even to North America? Yes, but it probably was not easy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:智能手机应用程序给让盲人“开眼看世界”2014-09-26
A new computer program is being praised as a life-changer for blind people. The new program is known as the KNFB Reader app. It can help users listen to an audio read-back -- the sound -- of printed material.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:弗吉尼亚理工大学研究人员测试无人机航空管理局的规则2014-09-22
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, has chosen a university town in Virginia as one of six places to test drones. Drones are aircraft without human pilots.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:大脑成像技术走进非洲大陆2014-09-15
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Brain imaging was once thought to be too costly and difficult for widespread use in the developing world. But the technology soon may be available in poor countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:IBM在人工智能研究获得长足进步2014-09-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The American computer company IBM says it has developed a microprocessor -- a computer chip -- that works much like the human brain.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国公共交通客流量达到几十年来最高水平2014-09-01
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. A record number of Americans are moving into cities. When they move into urban areas they drive less. New York city is one of the top cities for new people and for users of mass transit.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:空中客车A350使用3D打印金属部件2014-08-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. European airplane maker Airbus plans to have new passenger airplanes by the end of the year. The new models will use some of the most modern technologies, including metal parts made in a 3-D printer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:加沙战争从现实烧到互联网2014-08-18
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The war in the Gaza Strip is being fought as much on the Internet as it is on the ground. Some people say the increased use of social media is changing the way people look at the conflict.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:小小苍蝇成新一代助听器研发关键2014-08-07
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. A fly with an extremely unusual ability to hear is the model for what may be the future of new and improved hearing aids. The insect behaves like a parasite -- an organism that lives on or in another organism called a host.

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