美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国的科学家在HIV疫苗研究领域取得突破2017-04-19
A team of scientists in the United States has created a new type of mouse that has an immune system similar to that of humans. The scientists hope their research with these mice will speed up development of a vaccine to prevent human immunodeficiency viru
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:盼新法律保护用户数字遗产2017-04-19
Benjamin Stassen took his own life in twenty-ten. His parents thought their twenty-one year old son was happy. Since his suicide, they have attempted to learn why he killed himself.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:今日头版网提供世界各大报纸头版新闻2017-04-19
We recently told you about a website called PastPages.org. It saves the homepages of seventy news websites from around the world every hour. That report led us to look for a website that saves images of newspapers from around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:报告称MAC用户比Windows用户更富有2017-04-19
Last week, the Wall Street Journal had a report about the online travel company Orbitz. The newspaper said Orbitz shows Mac users higher-priced travel choices at the top of search results than users of Windows.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:微软发布Surface平板电脑和苹果iPad直接竞争2017-04-19
Microsoft has announced its first tablet computer. It is called the Surface, and it is designed to compete directly with the popular Apple iPad.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:ICANN公布新顶级域名申请名单2017-04-19
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers last week released a new list of proposed generic top-level domain names. A gTLD is the part of the Internet address that comes after the dot. Currently there are only twenty-two gTLDs in use. But th
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专门存储新闻网站首页的互联网档案馆网站2017-04-19
If researchers want to know what happened on a particular day, they often look at newspapers published on that day. But what would happen if newspapers were to stop publishing? Future researchers would likely turn to the Web.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:庆祝金门大桥建成75周年2017-04-19
The Golden Gate Bridge is celebrating its seventy-fifth anniversary. The bridge opened to vehicle traffic on May twenty-eighth, nineteen thirty-seven. Since then, more than two billion vehicles have crossed the world famous structure between San Francisco
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:The Historic Flight of the Dragon2017-04-19
A rocket designed and built by a privately owned company has made history by bringing a supply capsule to the International Space Station. It was the first private spacecraft to carry out such a mission.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:机器手臂协助瘫患者再度活动四肢2017-04-19
Cathy Hutchinson is a tetraplegic. She has not been able to move her arms, legs or speak since suffering a stroke nearly fifteen years ago. Recently, she learned how to control a robotic arm using her thoughts. She now can use brain activity to serve hers
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国和印度再度将强互联网审核制度2017-04-19
Recent developments in India and China have put the issue of Internet censorship back in the news. Last week, China's largest microblogging service announced new policies that will restrict what its users can place online.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:微软创新杯大赛激发人们对科技领域的兴趣2017-04-19
Last week we reported on Microsoft Corporation's Imagine Cup finals in the United States. Team FlashFood from Arizona State University won top honors at the event. Its mobile application and website lets hotels, restaurants and farmers markets donate foo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Arizona State University Team Wins Imagine Cup US Finals2017-04-19
Students from Arizona State University won top honors last week at the Imagine Cup finals in the United States. Microsoft Corporation organizes the yearly competition.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Caine's Arcade Video Brings Creative Boy Fame2017-04-19
An Internet video called Caines Arcade is one of the latest videos to go viral, or grow wildly popular. The video has been viewed more than five million times on Vimeo and YouTube since April ninth.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:打击互联网恐怖主义和仇恨问题2017-04-19
Hate groups and terrorists are increasingly using the Internet to spread their beliefs. The Simon Wiesenthal Center in California says the problem is getting worse.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:宙斯僵尸网络发动攻击的方式2017-04-19
Last week, we told you about efforts by Microsoft Corporation to stop Zeus, one of the most harmful cybercrime operations active today. Zeus hackers use a network of infected computers, known as botnets, to steal personal information from computer users.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:微软对宙斯僵尸网络提起诉讼2017-04-19
The Microsoft Corporation is making progress in efforts to stop one of the most harmful cybercrime operations active today. It is called Zeus.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“严格限制互联网自由”国家名单 巴林和白俄罗斯上榜2017-04-19
A media rights group has added Bahrain and Belarus to its list of countries with the most restrictions on Internet freedom. At the same time, the group removed Libya and Venezuela from a list of countries considered under surveillance.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科尼2012成历史上点击率最高影片2017-04-19
Have you heard of Joseph Kony? Chances are you have. An American group placed a video about him on the YouTube website in early March. Since then, people around the world have watched the video more than eighty million times.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:社交网络成叙利亚平民记者传播动乱新闻途径2017-04-19
Social media networks have come to play an important part in the political unrest in Syria. The Syrian government barred most media from the country after the unrest began almost one year ago.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:植入皮下芯片帮助长期病患者提高生活质量2017-04-19
Researchers in the United States have developed the first wirelessly controlled device that can supply a drug directly into the body. A small chip is implanted under the skin. It contains the medicine, which it releases at preset times.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国提隐私权利法案保护网络用户2017-04-19
The Obama administration last week announced a plan to protect Internet users in the United States. The administration has proposed what it calls a Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights. The bill is meant to give Americans more control over their personal infor
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美劳工组织对富士康展开巡查2017-04-19
A labor group has begun investigating working conditions at the Chinese factories where many Apple products are made. Apple officials ordered the investigation after The New York Times newspaper described poor working conditions at the factories.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:无人机在多个领域的应用2017-04-19
Late last month, for the first time, President Obama publicly confirmed the American use of drone strikes in tribal areas in Pakistan. He answered a question on the subject during a Google video conference with people around the United States.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Google准备3月1日起修改隐私政策2017-04-19
Google is preparing for changes in its privacy policy beginning March first. The company says it plans to replace more than sixty separate policies for different products with one main policy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Ruling on GPS Tracking by Police Leaves a Big Question2017-04-19
The satellite-based Global Positioning System is a great way to locate places -- or people. But, last week the United States Supreme Court ruled that law enforcement officials must get approval from a judge before placing a GPS device on a vehicle.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:IBM Says Minds Will Control Machines Within Five Years2017-04-19
Controlling a device with your mind. Powering your home with the energy of your own activities. These are two of the developments that experts at IBM think will become reality within the next five years.
VOA慢速英语:A Mobile App in Delhi Aims to Protect Women2017-04-19
Far from the bright lights of Vegas are the poorly lit streets of Delhi. A new mobile app called Fight Back aims to make those streets safer for women like Cheena Sikka.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Bright Idea: Light Bulbs From Plastic Bottles, Water and Bleach2017-04-19
Nearly a billion and a half people, mainly in Asia and Africa, were living without electricity in two thousand nine. That latest count from the International Energy Agency was an improvement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Consumers' Online Petitions Put Pressure on Businesses2017-04-19
The modern way to collect signatures on a petition requires no paper or pen or standing on a street for hours. All it requires is going online.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:电子产品成今年最受欢迎礼物 ipad2居首2017-04-19
Electronics were among the most requested gifts this holiday season. The Consumer Electronics Association has studied holiday gift buying in the United States for the past eighteen years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:调查称2.5%美国青少年去年发过性短信2017-04-19
How common is teen sexting? Last week we reported on a new study of more than fifteen hundred Internet users age ten to seventeen. It found that only two and a half percent of them had sexted in the past year. It also found that only one percent of the im
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:性短信在年轻人中并不那么普遍2017-04-19
Last week the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire released two studies. The researchers interviewed more than one thousand five hundred Internet users between the ages of ten and seventeen. Just two and a half percen
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:护士培训中心帮组护士避免工伤2017-04-19
Nurses spend their lives helping other people recover from injuries and illnesses. Yet nurses suffer a surprising number of injuries and illnesses themselves because of their work.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:"罐中罐"帮助食物保鲜系统2017-04-19
A few degrees can make a big difference when it comes to food storage. Foods can go bad if they get too warm. But for many of the world's poor, finding a good way to keep food cool is difficult. Refrigerators are costly and they need electricity.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度互联网用户将超过美国2017-04-19
India could pass the United States in the number of Internet users in less than two years. A new report says India reached one hundred twelve million users in September. That makes India the third largest Internet market after China and the United States.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:足球型的尖端便携式发电机2017-04-19
Have you ever heard the expression a ball of energy? People often use the term to describe very active children. But today we tell about an invention called the sOccket, that is a real ball of energy. Julia Silverman explains.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新顶级域名将接受申请2017-04-19
A top-level domain is the part of an Internet address after the dot. The most common of what are called generic top-level domains are dot-com, dot-net and dot-org. There are twenty-two generic top-level domain names currently available. But get ready for
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:会讲话的厨房?还会教法语呢!2017-04-19
A talking kitchen teaches students how to cook French and speak French. Researchers at New Castle University in the United Kingdom have developed the French Digital Kitchen. Professors Paul Seedhouse and Patrick Olivier led the project. Professor Seedhous
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:福特汽车公司的埃德塞尔款车型2017-04-19
The Ford Motor Company built several versions of the Edsel from nineteen fifty-eight to nineteen sixty. Ford ended production of the car after just three model years because of weak sales.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:No More Guesses at How to Say a Name2017-04-19
A new online service offers a simple way to let other people know how to say your name correctly. It lets others hear you say it yourself in your e-mail.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:追念苹果前总裁史蒂夫·乔布斯2017-04-19
Steve Jobs made technology fun. The co-founder of Apple died last Wednesday at the age of fifty-six. He had fought for years against cancer. Mourners gathered outside his house in Palo Alto, California, and Apple stores around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:首颗非洲自行研制卫星在尼日利亚发射2017-04-19
Nigeria has launched the first satellite designed and built by Africans. The NigeriaSat-X is one of two Earth observation satellites that the country recently launched. These are Nigeria's third and fourth satellites.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:亚马逊开始出借Kindle电子书2017-04-19
Amazon.com launched its Kindle library-lending service in the United States last week. Millions of users of the Kindle reader and app can now borrow Kindle books from their local public library.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国信息通信技术快速发展2017-04-19
Falling prices are fueling growth in high-speed Internet services, especially in developing countries. Last week the International Telecommunication Union released its Measuring the Information Society 2011 report. The ITU, part of the United Nations, com
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:How Technology Has, and Has Not, Changed Since 9-112017-04-19
It has been ten years since terrorists used hijacked airplanes to attack the United States. In the years since then, much has been done to improve security in the country.
VOA慢速英语附字幕:使用信息和通讯技术创建清洁环境2017-04-19
Technology experts, government officials, policy makers and engineers are meeting this week in Italy. They have gathered in Rome for the first Green Standards Week conference.
VOA慢速英语附字幕:使用信息和通讯技术创建清洁环境2017-04-19
Technology experts, government officials, policy makers and engineers are meeting this week in Italy. They have gathered in Rome for the first Green Standards Week conference.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:哈勃太空望远镜威力犹存2017-04-19
The Hubble Space Telescope continues to make valuable discoveries after more than twenty years in orbit around Earth.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:面孔辨认软件是否侵犯隐私2017-04-19
Today we take another look at facial recognition systems. These can tag friends in Facebook photos or help police identify suspects in the recent riots in Britain.

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