美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:3D打印设备帮助医生治疗儿童罕见的呼吸疾病2015-05-04
You may have heard about a process called 3-D printing. It is where a machine creates a three-dimensional object -- one with height, width and depth. The machine uses plastic or a similar material to produce the object. Usually, the material is added one layer at a time, with the layering process repeated again and again until the product is ready.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家认为地震和石油开采之间存在联系2015-05-02
Since 2009, earthquake activity has greatly increased in the central and eastern United States. A new report from U.S. earthquake experts links drilling for oil and gas with the rise in the number of earthquakes in those areas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:无人驾驶飞机足够安全吗?2015-04-29
Last month, 150 people were killed when Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed in the French Alps. Officials say the co-pilot flew the airplane directly into a mountain on purpose.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:改良种子以助非洲养活自己2015-04-27
Large governmental organizations controlled the production of seeds in Africa for many years. Owners of small farms had to buy their seeds from these agencies. But now there is an effort to make seeds from other suppliers available to African farmers. The new, improved seeds might someday help Africa feed itself.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:哈勃望远镜服役25周年或被韦伯太空望远镜取代2015-04-25
Before the Hubble Space Telescope, people saw the field of astronomy differently than they do today. American spacecraft did provide detailed pictures of Jupiter and Saturn, planets in our own solar system. But deep space, the place where nebulae and galaxies exist, remained mostly colorless -- until the Hubble Space Telescope.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:改变植物基因或能增加产量2015-04-16
Plants have a biological clock that tells them when to produce leaves, seeds and other growth. A new study says understanding that clock may help scientists develop crops that can feed a growing population in an increasingly warmer world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新型可穿戴附加设备有效减轻腿部肌肉的负荷2015-04-16
Devices that help people walk were once thought to be difficult, if not impossible, to design. Until recently, such a device required electricity from an external power supply. Now, American scientists have built a small, wearable addition to normal shoes. Their new invention eases the load on muscles in the leg and makes walking easier.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:首尔气候变化会议展示环境投资与受益2015-04-14
The South Korean capital Seoul demonstrated some of its investments in technology at a climate change conference earlier this month. The conference was called to explore what city governments can do to reduce air pollution, increase energy efficiency and help the environment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现使用抗生素有助农场提高动物密度2015-04-11
A new study has found the amount of antibiotics given to farm animals is expected to increase by two-thirds over the next 15 years. Researchers are linking the growing dependence on the drugs to rising demand for meat, milk and eggs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:苹果智能手表全球最佳但并不适合所有人2015-04-10
After several days of using the new Apple Watch, many reviewers called it the best smart watch but others wondered if the watch is for everyone.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:转基因大米惹大争议2015-04-04
Scientists in the Philippines are working to make changes to rice. They hope these changes will help solve one of the world's biggest health issues: the lack of Vitamin A.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国航天员科特·凯利将在太空站逗留一年2015-03-27
An American astronaut is beginning a year long trip in space. NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly is traveling to the International Space Station for the second time. Mr. Kelly says that this time in space would present a greater challenge than his first visit.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:在夏威夷模拟居住在火星上的体验2015-03-18
For generations, people have dreamed of traveling to Mars to explore Earth's closest planetary neighbor. NASA and other space agencies have announced plans to send people to the Red Planet. But such a manned mission is years away.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗将建立一个“清真”互联网2015-03-15
For years, officials in Iran have talked about building what they call a Halal Internet – an Internet for Iranians completely separate from the rest of the world. Recently, government officials in Iran unveiled a new measure in their continuing effort to monitor where its citizens can and cannot go online. It is an Iran-only search engine called Yooz.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:太阳能飞机启动环球飞行2015-03-10
A Swiss airplane powered only by energy from the sun left from Abu Dhabi early on March 9. Its creators hope the plane will make the first around-the-world journey without any fuel.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:苹果公司发布苹果手表2015-03-10
Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple, showed off their newest device, the Apple Watch. Mr. Cook said it is the "most personal" device Apple has ever created.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗与美国一边核谈判一边增加网络攻击2015-03-09
The top U.S. and Iranian diplomats have been holding almost weekly meetings in an effort to finish an agreement on nuclear weapons. However, a website called The Intercept says that a "cyber war," attacks against computer networks, is taking place behind the scenes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:狗可以识别你的喜怒哀乐2015-02-25
So you think you know your dog. But how well does your dog know you? She probably recognizes you when she sees you. But can a dog tell by simply looking at you whether you have a happy or an angry expression on your face?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:九种方法可以避免黑客入侵保护自己2015-02-24
An increase in cyber-attacks and identity theft make the Internet seem like a scary place these days. The hacking of Sony Pictures led the news for some time. The U. S. State Department public email system was shut down. Even the White House was a target of cyber-attack.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:合成疫苗能消灭脊髓灰质炎?2015-02-23
More than fifty years ago, researchers developed an oral vaccine against the deadly virus, polio. The vaccine, taken by mouth, is credited with almost stopping the spread of polio. Now, researchers are looking ahead to the time when the disease will exist only in a laboratory.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:孟加拉国农民使用创新方法种植农作物2015-02-22
Many areas of cropland in Bangladesh are becoming unfit for farming. The land is becoming salty. It is a big problem for the small country. More than 155 million people live in Bangladesh. Growing crops is the most common way Bangladeshis support themselves.
VOA慢速英语:Animal Weapons Offer Lessons for Human Arms Race2015-02-19
When animals fight for mates, food and territory, they use the weapons they were born with: teeth and claws, horns and hooves. Human animals can use their hands and feet, but they also fight with knives, guns and bombs.
VOA慢速英语:Hawaii Prepares for Possible Tsunami2015-02-18
Scientists say rising temperatures on Earth's surface are to blame for rising sea levels. The reality of rising sea levels means many coastal and island communities are at risk when a tsunami strikes. The island state of Hawaii is taking steps to prepare for tsunami waves. Officials there want to be ready if such an event takes place.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员回忆发现露西骨架始末2015-02-12
It has been more than 40 years since the discovery of the early human skeleton named Lucy. The old bones were found in Ethiopia. Lucy is one of the most famous finds of the 20th century. She helped researchers better understand the history of human beings.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:太阳能飞机环球旅行2015-02-04
The makers and pilots of a solar-powered plane will try to fly it around the world beginning next month. The plane is called Solar Impulse 2, or SI-2. It arrived in pieces recently in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.

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