美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现使用抗生素有助农场提高动物密度2017-04-19
A new study has found the amount of antibiotics given to farm animals is expected to increase by two-thirds over the next 15 years. Researchers are linking the growing dependence on the drugs to rising demand for meat, milk and eggs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:苹果智能手表全球最佳但并不适合所有人2017-04-19
After several days of using the new Apple Watch, many reviewers called it the best smart watch but others wondered if the watch is for everyone.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:转基因大米惹大争议2017-04-19
Scientists in the Philippines are working to make changes to rice. They hope these changes will help solve one of the world's biggest health issues: the lack of Vitamin A.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国航天员科特·凯利将在太空站逗留一年2017-04-19
An American astronaut is beginning a year long trip in space. NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly is traveling to the International Space Station for the second time. Mr. Kelly says that this time in space would present a greater challenge than his first visit.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:在夏威夷模拟居住在火星上的体验2017-04-19
For generations, people have dreamed of traveling to Mars to explore Earth's closest planetary neighbor. NASA and other space agencies have announced plans to send people to the Red Planet. But such a manned mission is years away.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗将建立一个“清真”互联网2017-04-19
For years, officials in Iran have talked about building what they call a Halal Internet – an Internet for Iranians completely separate from the rest of the world. Recently, government officials in Iran unveiled a new measure in their continuing effort to
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:太阳能飞机启动环球飞行2017-04-19
A Swiss airplane powered only by energy from the sun left from Abu Dhabi early on March 9. Its creators hope the plane will make the first around-the-world journey without any fuel.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:苹果公司发布苹果手表2017-04-19
Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple, showed off their newest device, the Apple Watch. Mr. Cook said it is the "most personal" device Apple has ever created.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗与美国一边核谈判一边增加网络攻击2017-04-19
The top U.S. and Iranian diplomats have been holding almost weekly meetings in an effort to finish an agreement on nuclear weapons. However, a website called The Intercept says that a "cyber war," attacks against computer networks, is taking place behin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:狗可以识别你的喜怒哀乐2017-04-19
So you think you know your dog. But how well does your dog know you? She probably recognizes you when she sees you. But can a dog tell by simply looking at you whether you have a happy or an angry expression on your face?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:九种方法可以避免黑客入侵保护自己2017-04-19
An increase in cyber-attacks and identity theft make the Internet seem like a scary place these days. The hacking of Sony Pictures led the news for some time. The U. S. State Department public email system was shut down. Even the White House was a target
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:合成疫苗能消灭脊髓灰质炎?2017-04-19
More than fifty years ago, researchers developed an oral vaccine against the deadly virus, polio. The vaccine, taken by mouth, is credited with almost stopping the spread of polio. Now, researchers are looking ahead to the time when the disease will exist
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:孟加拉国农民使用创新方法种植农作物2017-04-19
Many areas of cropland in Bangladesh are becoming unfit for farming. The land is becoming salty. It is a big problem for the small country. More than 155 million people live in Bangladesh. Growing crops is the most common way Bangladeshis support themselv
VOA慢速英语:Animal Weapons Offer Lessons for Human Arms Race2017-04-19
When animals fight for mates, food and territory, they use the weapons they were born with: teeth and claws, horns and hooves. Human animals can use their hands and feet, but they also fight with knives, guns and bombs.
VOA慢速英语:Hawaii Prepares for Possible Tsunami2017-04-19
Scientists say rising temperatures on Earth's surface are to blame for rising sea levels. The reality of rising sea levels means many coastal and island communities are at risk when a tsunami strikes. The island state of Hawaii is taking steps to prepare
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员回忆发现露西骨架始末2017-04-19
It has been more than 40 years since the discovery of the early human skeleton named Lucy. The old bones were found in Ethiopia. Lucy is one of the most famous finds of the 20th century. She helped researchers better understand the history of human beings
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:太阳能飞机环球旅行2017-04-19
The makers and pilots of a solar-powered plane will try to fly it around the world beginning next month. The plane is called Solar Impulse 2, or SI-2. It arrived in pieces recently in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:手机应用程序传承非洲的民间故事2017-04-19
For hundreds of years, Africans have preserved their history through storytelling. But, some Africans worry that oral traditions will be lost to Internet connections and social media.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:NASA航天器“黎明号” 接近到达“矮行星”2017-04-19
An American spacecraft is moving closer to a dwarf planet called Ceres. The American space agency's Dawn spacecraft is set to reach the planet-like object in March.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:移动计算机实验室帮助内罗毕贫民窟数千居民2017-04-19
Kawangware is one of the fastest-growing slums in Nairobi, Kenya. It is also the poorest. Most of the 300,000 people who live there try to survive on less than $1 a day.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国家航空航天局保持关注地球的健康2017-04-19
The past year has been the busiest 12-month period for the American space agency in more than 10 years. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA, launched three missions in 2014. It began a fourth project earlier this month. A fifth launch
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:3D打印技术为医生提供心脏3D模型2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Researchers are now using three-dimensional, or 3D printing to create models of the human heart to help heart specialists. The heart doctors can use the models to better help patients before an ope
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家制造出一秒拍摄数十亿帧的高速相机2017-04-19
Imagine a camera that can take one hundred billion pictures a second -- that is enough to record the fastest movements in the universe.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:斯坦福大学研发自动冷却的建筑物高科技材料2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new material that can move heat out of buildings and into space. The researchers say the material can cool buildings even on hot days.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现治疗两大眼睛疾病的新方法2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world. In the United States alone, more than two million people suffer from the disease.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:CES展出多款可穿戴设备和联网家电2017-04-19
The Consumer Electronics Show is held yearly in the western American city of Las Vegas, Nevada. It is one of the largest technology shows in the world. Technology companies and experts from around the world come to the event to see, hear and talk about th
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国学生制造机器人发现水下未爆炸的水雷2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Many teachers believe that hands-on experiences is the best way to learn. A group of students in the United Sates is putting that belief to the test.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家称高成本致飞机自动追踪难普及2017-04-19
It's been 10 months since Malaysia Airlines flight 370 disappeared. Despite search efforts that stretched from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean, the plane remains lost.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:外科医生利用3D打印技术拯救生命2017-04-19
Researchers are now using three-dimensional, or 3D printing to create models of the human heart to help heart specialists. The heart doctors can use the models to better help patients before an operation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:反重力滑板诞生2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Can you imagine riding around the streets of your hometown on a skateboard without wheels? In the late 1980s, film director Robert Zemeckis showed a skateboard floating above the ground in his movi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国政界人士争论新的互联网规则2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Another political fight is taking shape in Washington, D.C. At issue: proposed changes to the way the Internet is regulated in the United States.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:低成本孵化器拯救更多婴儿生命2017-04-19
Premature birth is the biggest killer of children worldwide. About one million babies around the world die of problems that strike because they are born too early. Many of these babies could have been saved if they had been placed in an incubator.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国博物馆展出数百万年前恐龙化石2017-04-19
Many millions of years ago, the last dinosaurs lived in what is now the American West. Now, scientists studying dinosaur fossils have documented what happened to the ancient creatures. An exhibit showing some of the results has opened at the Smithsonian I
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:菲律宾渔民使用玻璃纤维打造船只2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Last year, a typhoon seriously damaged Leyte Island in the Philippines. More than 7, 300 people died or are missing. Four million Filipinos lost their homes, and many of them lost their incomes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家警告称沿海的珊瑚礁正受威胁2017-04-19
American scientists are warning of a threat to the world's coral and rocky reefs. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has identified four reasons for the threat. They are human population growth, the warming of Earth's atmosphere, pollut
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国发布电子垃圾回收计划2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. South Korea is dealing with increasing amounts of waste from electronic devices. These useless or unwanted parts are often called e-waste.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家预测未来地震的强度2017-04-19
Scientists know where earthquakes are likely to take place. But it is difficult for them to predict how strong an earthquake will be. Now, American researchers have found that it may be possible to predict the strength of future quakes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:内罗毕开发追踪安全科技2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Kenya is East Africas largest economy. Its capital Nairobi is growing quickly. But so is the citys crime rate -- the Nairobi Metropolitan Crime Observatory says thieves steal an average of 10 cars
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加纳竹制自行车惹全世界关注2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Bicycle frames are usually made out of materials like carbon fiber, steel or aluminum. But in rural Ghana, a businessman has developed another way to make bicycles from a natural product -- bamboo.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:勇气号模仿响尾蛇避免掉入沙坑2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Five years ago, the Mars Rover Spirit got stuck in sand on the red planet. Spirit is one of the American space agencys two motorized vehicles on Mars.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家发明模拟人体器官的计算机芯片2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Testing new drugs for safety and effectiveness is a costly process in the United States. It also can take a lot of time. Some scientists are now designing silicon computer chips that act like human
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国科学家3D打印人体活动组织替代品2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Three-dimensional printers are fast becoming everyday devices in the United States. Three-D printers are used to make everything from automobile parts to bone replacements for human patients.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国航空航天局就火箭爆炸事件释疑2017-04-19
An unmanned privately-owned rocket bringing supplies to the International Space Station exploded seconds after launch Tuesday night. The accident did not cause any injuries on the ground. However, it has raised questions about efforts by the US space agen
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:青少年教授老年人使用电子产品2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. When most people imagine a classroom, they think of older people teaching younger ones. But when it comes to learning about high-technology devices, the opposite can often be true.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:猎豹即将灭亡?2017-04-19
In 1900, about 100,000 cheetahs lived in the world. Today there are only 10,000 of the animals. Just about everyone knows that cheetahs are fast. Some studies have measured their speed at about 95 kilometers an hour over distances of about 366 meters.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:土豪界的Facebook2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. Facebook and other social media sites are free for everyone. But a new social media site promises to be more exclusive by only permitting people who are rich to join.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:监控软件成为互联网监管会议上的关键问题2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Internet Governance Forum took place last week in Istanbul, Turkey. The United Nations provided support to the yearly conference.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:喀麦隆工程师发明检查心脏的电子设备2017-04-19
Cameroon is experimenting with Africa's first mobile system to send a cardiac, or heart signal over a wireless network. The system will give much needed medical assistance to heart patients in rural areas. Cameroonian Arthur Zang invented the device call
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国的戒除网瘾训练营2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report. The Internet is one of the most popular forms of technology. But can using Internet have the same effect as taking a drug? The answer seems to be Yes in at least one country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:比霸王龙更大的恐龙2017-04-19
Could a creature that lived 95 million years ago travel from what is now North Africa to Europe and even to North America? Yes, but it probably was not easy.

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