美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:表情符号——无声胜有声2015-10-15
Cant find the right or write words? It may be emoji time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:互联网前五众筹项目2015-10-08
Crowdfunding sites can help start profitable businesses or help people in need.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:在朋友面前玩手机?太不礼貌了!2015-10-01
A recent study of cell phone use by the Pew Research Center found that most US adults think checking your phone is rude in social situations. Taking selfies is another story.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:亚马逊推出新版Kindle(电子书阅读工具)2015-09-24
Word Runner is a software update that shows one word at a time, instead of words, sentences and paragraphs on one page. Amazon says Word Runner was developed to make reading faster. By seeing one word at a time on the screen, you will not lose your place on the page.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:苹果手机更新iOS9系统 加强续航、改变字体2015-09-19
Updates to the operating systems for the Apple iPhone and iPad were released this week. The latest update of the operating system -- version iOS 9 -- is free and full of new features. Each fall for the past few years, Apple has released a new version of iOS that adds features to its mobile devices.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:苹果发布iphone 6s、6s plus、apple watch、ipad pro2015-09-11
Tim Cook, chief executive of Apple, reported that 97 percent of customers said they were satisfied with the new Apple Watch. It was launched in April, and Cook said Apple is looking to improve the Watch even better.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:考古发现恐龙灭绝改变海洋食物链结构2015-07-30
Tens of millions of years ago, an asteroid hit what is now the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The event led to a global mass extinction that has been linked to the end of the dinosaurs. New research shows what that great disaster led to: a modern age of fish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家称尽量保持农产品干燥以避免细菌2015-07-26
American researchers say farmers should wait one day after a rain storm or watering their fields to harvest fresh fruits and vegetables. They say gathering the crops at least 24 hours after rainfall increases food safety. They say it also may be enough to protect those eating from fresh produce from food borne illnesses.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:肯尼亚去年录的540万起网络攻击记录2015-07-25
There were 5.4 million cyber-attacks recorded last year in Kenya. That is more than double the number recorded in 2013. Most of the attacks involved financial crimes or targeted information infrastructure like computer systems. The targets were Kenyan government agencies, other groups and private citizens.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加州预警系统使游泳者远离污水2015-07-18
The dry conditions in California are good for people who like to swim in the Pacific Ocean. Because of the drought, there is less water runoff from cities into the ocean. As a result, the ocean water is cleaner. But pollution remains a problem in other areas, including popular beaches.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:医学专家聚集华盛顿讨论气候变化和公共卫生2015-06-29
Health and medical experts gathered in Washington this week for talks on climate change and public health. They met at the White House. The meeting was held a day after the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency released a report on climate change.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:测试你关于农场的词汇知识2015-06-18
Today we have a vocabulary quiz. We start with two questions about terms for plants. First question: What is the name for a plant that lives only one year or one growing season?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家称海平面继续上升2015-06-13
Scientists say sea levels are rising and will continue to do so into the future. Coastal communities around the world are already experiencing the impact of rising seas. Many cities and towns are taking steps to deal with this new reality.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家预测2050年地球人口将达90亿2015-06-07
Experts predict nine billion people will live on our planet by 2050. They say by that time demand for food will be two times what it is now. Officials are worried about that prediction because many people already suffer from a lack of food. More than 800 million people go to bed hungry.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联邦调查局称互联网敲诈案件有所增加2015-05-27
An old Internet scam is getting some new attention lately. It is called ransomware. Ransomware is a term used for a specific type of software that locks up files or access to a computer until money is paid.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家开发新设备能收集建筑物能源信息2015-05-26
Architects, engineers and building supervisors will soon be able to quickly collect information that once took weeks to measure and process.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现杀虫剂杀死野生蜜蜂2015-05-25
A new study says a widely-used insecticide is damaging wild bee populations. Wild bees are important, because they pollinate crops and wild plants.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:谷歌无人驾驶汽车正式上公共街道测试2015-05-22
This summer, the latest version of Google's self-driving car will make its first appearance on public roads. The two-seat vehicle does not need a gas pedal or steering wheel. The prototype can drive, brake and recognize road dangers without human involvement. Google says the car is the first vehicle built for the purpose of self-driving.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:亚马逊收到无人机送货技术专利2015-05-19
Amazon.com has received patent rights to send its products to customers by unmanned drone aircraft. The company is the largest U.S.-based online seller of products. It delivers those products to customers electronically, by mail and by other delivery services.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国每年潮汐发电达1420亿千瓦时 等于330多核电厂2015-05-16
Experts say that sun and wind are the richest sources of clean, renewable energy. But ocean waves also create powerful, clean energy. So, the U.S Department of Energy has announced a $1.5 million-dollar prize for the winner of a competition on how to capture that energy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家使用卫星预测天气和疾病2015-05-13
Meningitis is spreading across West Africa. The brain disease is a threat every year across 21 African countries. Health officials call this area, the meningitis belt.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国航空航天局欲2030年载人登陆火星2015-05-12
The head of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA, said that the space agency is on track to land people on Mars in the 2030s.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新型油漆防油和防水2015-05-10
Having an automobile can be costly. In addition to paying for fuel, the owner of a car should set aside money for an insurance policy to guard against possible damage or loss. The owner also has to pay for normal repairs, like an oil change, and other work.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员欲研发更好的果蔬保鲜技术2015-05-05
Consumers around the world benefit from large food stores and large-scale food production. They can buy many fruits and vegetables throughout the year that were once sold only a few months out of the year. But there is a price to pay for this year-round availability.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:网络服务器热能可用于家庭供暖2015-05-05
When computer servers operate a complex program, they can get very hot. Cooling the servers can be costly. So researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used?
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