美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌刚发布三个新的图片处理应用程序2017-12-15
Google has released three new apps designed to help users get the most out of their cameras.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:保护组织公布2017年《濒危物种红色名录》2017-12-12
Conservationists making a list of animals whose survival is in danger - the Red List - have changed the status of two kinds of kiwi birds. They are now listed as vulnerable, but not endangered.
VOA慢速英语:医生使用虚拟现实技术为手术做准备2017-12-12
Felicia Luna had a really bad headache. She said the painful pressure felt like someone was squeezing my head really tight.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:火星表面真有水吗?2017-12-11
American scientists believe that dark markings on the Red Planet represent sand – not water. Their findings are not confirmed, and researchers note that many questions remain.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook向13岁以下的儿童开放短信服务2017-12-08
For the first time, Facebook is opening its service to children under age 13. The social media giant has launched a new app allowing young children to send messages through Facebook.
VOA慢速英语:沿海城市均面临海平面上升问题2017-12-08
Climate change has had a number of effects on cities around the world, including rising sea levels. And, this has become an especially big problem for coastal cities. City officials must now prepare for higher tides on their coasts.
VOA慢速英语:如何处理福岛的放射性污水2017-12-06
Japanese officials are trying to decide what to do with thousands of tons of radioactive water from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant. More than six years have passed since a powerful earthquake and tsunami severely damaged the power plant.
VOA慢速英语:如何处理福岛的放射性污水2017-12-05
Japanese officials are trying to decide what to do with thousands of tons of radioactive water from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant. More than six years have passed since a powerful earthquake and tsunami severely damaged the power plant.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家没有找到雪人存在的任何证据2017-12-04
For decades, the Yeti has appeared regularly in popular culture. New research finds that Yeti-related evidence points to bears and even a dog, not an ape-man.
VOA慢速英语:科学家们使用仿生机器鱼观察威尼斯泻湖2017-12-02
Scientists are using robotic devices to study the health of waters in and around Venice, Italy. The robots are designed to act like fish, other underwater creatures and plants.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook使用人工智能来对抗自杀2017-12-01
The social media company is using software that looks for signs that a user might be considering harming themselves. Then, Facebook says, it can send resources or alert local workers.
VOA慢速英语:科学家们使用仿生机器鱼观察威尼斯泻湖2017-12-01
Scientists are using robotic devices to study the health of waters in and around Venice, Italy. The robots are designed to act like fish, other underwater creatures and plants.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家们正研发能识别糖尿病引发溃疡的机器2017-11-28
Diabetes can cause foot ulcers; if left untreated, doctors may decide to remove the affected area. Researchers at the National Physical Laboratory near London are developing a scanning device that can help doctors recognize problem areas on patients’ feet
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:金属回收企业为电动汽车潮做准备2017-11-28
Recycling businesses are improving processes to remove metals from old batteries.Their hope is to take advantage of an expected shortage of materials, such as cobalt and lithium, when sales of electric cars start rising. Even if battery supplies are low,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国企业为城市居民提供种植水果和蔬菜技术2017-11-27
How do you get the freshest, locally grown fruits and vegetables in a big city? For an increasing number of Americans, the answer is to ...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:绵羊能识别人脸2017-11-25
University of Cambridge scientists have trained sheep to recognize the faces of famous people. Researchers hope to use the animals to better understand disorders of the human brain.
VOA慢速英语:照相机和机器能识别你的脸吗?2017-11-24
In the future, lie detector tests will be carried out by systems using both video and machines with the help of artificial intelligence. How effective will such testing be?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:特斯拉发布电力卡车和新款跑车2017-11-23
American carmaker Tesla has released details of its electric transport truck and also announced a new sports car model.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:二氧化碳浓度今年将上升2017-11-21
A new report predicts world emissions of carbon dioxide will increase by two percent this year. The report was released as nearly 200 nations gathered in Bonn, Germany to discuss the Paris Agreement on climate change. The goal is to limit a slow warming i
VOA慢速英语:伤口在白天愈合得更快2017-11-20
A new study suggests that the timing of a wound effects the speed at which it heals. Wounds suffered during the day heal around 60 percent faster than wounds sustained at night. The findings could have important effects for surgical operations and wound-h
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一颗拒绝死亡的恒星2017-11-17
When a star explodes, that usually means the star has reached the end of its life. Yet one star appears to be refusing to die, even after two explosions.
VOA慢速英语:5个尝试Firefox量子浏览器的理由2017-11-17
Mozilla has released a new update of its Firefox browser that it says is much faster and provides a better overall user experience. But can the new version – called Firefox Quantum – compete with the world’s current top browser, Google Chrome.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度尼西亚发现新的猩猩物种2017-11-14
Scientists say they have discovered a new species of orangutans on Indonesia’s island of Sumatra. The population differs in several ways from the only two existing species.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家在污水中发现大量的贵金属2017-11-10
A study in Switzerland found large amounts of precious metals in wastewater. The value of the materials was somewhere around $3.1 million dollars.|
VOA慢速英语:谷歌翻译这八个功能你或许还不知道!2017-11-10
Eight Things You Didnt Know Google Translate Could Do As smartphones continue to get smarter, we can only expect Google Translate to stay one step ahead. Over 200 million people around t...
VOA慢速英语:许多帝王蝶不飞往南方过冬2017-11-09
Monarchs normally arrive in Mexico around November 1. Groups of them have been seen north of the Mexican border, such as the American state of New Jersey. Their large numbers are not normal for late October.
VOA慢速英语:科学家们发现了无线电的“太空盾牌”?2017-11-07
Scientists at the Space Sciences Lab at the University of California Berkeley have been studying high-energy space particles that can damage satellites. They have found that very low frequency radio waves might protect against one kind of particle, so-cal
VOA慢速英语:花式调戏iphone X的face ID功能2017-11-03
One of the iPhone X’s most-talked about features is Face ID, which gives users power to unlock the phone just by looking at it. But can the system be fooled?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:污染被确定为全球头号杀手2017-11-01
A new report says pollution is responsible for more premature deaths than war, terrorism, natural disasters, and smoking.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国机构:气候变化给美国带来数十亿美元的损失2017-10-31
The U.S. Government Accounting office says American taxpayers have paid more than $350 billion for climate-related disasters over the past 10 years. The GAO cannot say how much of that is caused by climate change, but it says the government must do a bett
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:野生动物官员发现澳大利亚稀有鸟类的踪迹2017-10-30
The photograph is unclear: an object colored light green and yellow. But officials in Western Australia believe it suggests evidence a new population of night parrots, birds once thought to be extinct.
VOA慢速英语:智能相机帮你捕捉更好的照片2017-10-27
One of the newest kinds of smart devices is the smart camera. The latest models are designed with machine learning tools to recognize faces to capture better photo moments.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员通过转基因来增加玉米营养2017-10-25
Researchers at Rutgers University say they have genetically modified corn to be more nutritious to animals and humans.
VOA慢速英语:黄金乃宇宙撞击而产生?2017-10-25
When two stars crashed into each other in far away in space, it helped astronomers learn some secrets about the universe. Like where gold comes from and how some gamma rays are created. This amazing and important discovery will help scientists better unde
VOA慢速英语:电脑能教孩子们读书写字吗?2017-10-07
The XPrize Foundation and its supporters are offering $15 million for computer programs that teach simple skills to people who have never attended school.
VOA慢速英语:苹果发布iOS11系统 多种新功能成亮点2017-09-29
Last week Apple released iOS 11, the update to its mobile operating system for iPhone and iPad. This update has features that may make your current device feel like a new one. iOS 11 is free to download now and is available for iPhone 5s and newer models,
VOA慢速英语:苹果公司发布新款手机和手表2017-09-22
Last week, Apple told the world about its latest products at an event in California. The company presented three new iPhones, new Apple Watches, and a new Apple TV. The company is also making big changes to its stores. We will start with those.
VOA慢速英语:如何用手机实现放大镜功能2017-09-16
Good news! That phone in your pocket is filled with useful tools, including a magnifying glass.
VOA慢速英语:32位iphone应用程序即将退出历史舞台2017-09-08
If you have owned an iPhone or iPad for a few years, you may have apps that are outdated. Since 2013, Apple has been asking developers to update their apps. When iOS 11, the next version of the iPhone operating system, is launched soon, older apps may not
VOA慢速英语:Google提供问卷帮助检测抑郁症2017-09-01
Everyone feels sad from time to time. But what happens when that sadness lasts a long time? Is it just a passing feeling or the medical condition known as depression?
VOA慢速英语:有关家居设计的手机应用2017-08-25
Most people think of tools such as hammers and nails for home improvement and design projects. But you should also be thinking of tech tools such as apps to help you get the job done.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:无线电信号供能手机将面世2017-08-22
Researchers have built a battery-free cellphone they say can be powered from radio signals or light. A team from the University of Washington believes the new technology can someday be used in cellphones across the world.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook提供新的视频服务2017-08-18
Facebook Watch also is similar to traditional television in that shows will be scheduled. You can watch shows as they are added each week at a certain day and time, just like traditional TV.
VOA慢速英语:美国城市禁止在走路时发短信2017-08-12
Beginning on October 24, you could be fined from $15 to $99 if you step into a Honolulu street while looking at your phone.
VOA慢速英语:美国城市禁止在走路时发短信2017-08-11
Beginning on October 24, you could be fined from $15 to $99 if you step into a Honolulu street while looking at your phone.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国公司将芯片植入到员工身上2017-08-04
One U.S. company is offering its employees a new convenience: a microchip implanted in their hands. Employees who have these chips can do all kinds of things just by waving their hands.
VOA慢速英语:帮助人们健康饮食和保持健康的应用程序2017-07-28
Eating healthy and staying fit can be difficult. You may want to eat tasty food that is easy to prepare. You may want be inspired to exercise and stay in shape. The good news is there are apps for that.
VOA慢速英语:5个无人驾驶机器人用于运输食物2017-07-22
One of the latest developments in technology is the creation of personal robots to help people with day-to-day activities. At least five companies are now testing driverless robots to bring food and other products directly to customers.
VOA慢速英语:新应用帮助盲人了解周围的世界2017-07-21
Seeing AI uses both a camera and artificial intelligence to identify places, objects and people. The app then announces what the camera sees so users will know what is in front of them.
VOA慢速英语:为什么应尽量避免使用公共USB充电?2017-07-15
Your telephone is running low on power while you wait to fly out of an airport. Other people have connected their cell phones and other devices to electrical outlets in the waiting area. Like you, they are preparing for the flight.
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