美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:欧美开启黑色星期五疯狂购物模式2015-11-28
America’s holiday shopping season starts at Thanksgiving, with Black Friday and Cyber Monday. They are the two busiest shopping days in the U.S. More shoppers are shopping online, using smartphones to search for the best deals.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:关于网上众筹的问题2015-11-21
Crowdfunding is rapidly growing in popularity around the world. It’s a way to raise money online for businesses, charitable organizations and artistic projects. But these new platforms also raise serious regulatory, legal and ethical issues.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国经济走弱向全世界释放冲击波2015-09-04
Many people are concerned about signs of weakness in the Chinese economy. They want to know how these changes will affect economic activity in the rest of the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国经济信息正确吗?2015-08-29
For over a week, investors have been closely watching sharp changes in share prices on China’s stock market. Some investors say the wild movements have intensified because of concerns about the truthfulness of that nation’s economic reports.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:实行“捕捞份额”实现可持续渔业发展2015-08-29
More than 25 percent of the world's fisheries are overfished, according to the United Nations. Many communities worldwide depend on the ocean for their livelihoods. Now, they are struggling to manage resources. A growing number are adopting programs called catch shares.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:中国的经济放缓影响全球市场2015-08-28
China’s economy again has made news as the country works to deal with a volatile stock market and slowing exports. Those issues have influenced markets around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国A股遭遇黑色星期一 上证指数重挫8.5%2015-08-25
Stock market shares in China fell sharply early Monday. The Shanghai Composite dropped 8.5 percent, marking the sharpest fall China has seen since 2007. Chinese media are calling the day Black Monday.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国牛市已死?七月份大跌14%2015-08-01
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. The last two months have been difficult for investors in China’s stock markets. Major stock indexes, measures that track share values, all had big decreases during the month.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国股票市场再次暴跌8.6%2015-07-28
Stock price indexes in China had their sharpest one-day drop in eight years on Monday. Stock indexes also decreased around the world but to a lesser extent.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国企业开拓伊朗市场2015-07-24
American businesses have begun to explore how they can sell their goods and services in Iran. For many years, restrictions on trade have stopped many companies from doing business in the country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:亚洲黄金价格跌至五年低点2015-07-21
The price of gold fell to its lowest level in five years in trading early Monday. For a time, gold was selling at less than 1,100 dollars an ounce on Asian markets.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:波多黎各——下个债务危机爆发点?2015-07-17
American investors are wondering what effect the situation in Greece will have on the United States and its economy. But some observers say the investors should be more worried about the debt problems in a U.S. territory -- the island of Puerto Rico.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国股票市场遭断崖式下跌2015-07-13
China’s stock markets have lost nearly $3 trillion from their peak in June. As a result, the government has introduced new measures hoping to stop weeks of declining prices.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:希腊举行公投 亚洲股市跳水2015-07-07
Share prices mostly fell on Asian stock markets Monday after Greek voters rejected a European financial plan requiring new cost-cutting measures.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:2015年美国暑期档电影百花齐放2015-07-03
The first day of summer was June 21 but the summer movie season began well before that. Last week, we talked about Jurassic World, which has proved to be a huge hit. The movie has sold more than $1 billion in tickets. Last weekend it passed Avengers: Age of Ultron to become the number one movie of 2015.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国就业市场现百万技术职位空缺2015-07-01
The United States job market has millions of unfilled jobs. Many of those jobs require technical skills. However, employers say many of those jobs are vacant because they cannot find people with the right skills to do the work. Labor experts call this paradox the skills gap.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“侏罗纪世界”票房超10亿美元2015-06-27
In just two weeks, Jurassic World has earned more than one billion dollars in ticket sales around the world. It is already the second most popular movie of 2015. The huge hit is part of the dinosaur movie series that began in 1993 with the Academy Award-winning Jurassic Park.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:苹果改变流媒体政策 将在试用期付费2015-06-24
Pop music queen Taylor Swift took a bite out of Apple this week and the company responded with Love.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新报告显示全球经济收入不均衡加剧2015-06-24
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. A new report says income inequality is hurting the potential for growth around the world. It says the best way to deal with the inequality -- or lack of fairness -- is by helping poor people and the middle class.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:埃及苏伊士新运河将在8月份开通2015-06-22
Egyptian officials are making plans to open a newly-expanded Suez Canal on August 6th. Officials say the new canal will be more than double the waterway’s earnings over the next 10 years. But some experts say the project alone will not be able to turn around Egypt’s economy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国渔船过度捕捞引争议2015-06-17
China is expanding the size of its fishing boat fleet to try to provide enough food for its citizens and to export. But as the boats travel the world, they are often criticized for overfishing and for having conflicts with ships from other countries, especially in disputed parts of the South China Sea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:中国增加在澳大利亚的投资2015-06-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. Chinese investment in Australia has moved to the real estate market and infrastructure. It is yet another sign that Australia’s once strong mining industry is weakening, as Chinese businesses look for new places to invest.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:耐热玻璃器皿诞生100周年2015-06-06
One hundred years ago, a new kind of cookware entered the American market. It was called Pyrex. Today the Pyrex name is well known in the United States. The heat-resistant glass products are still being manufactured. And early Pyrex products are now considered collector's items.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:议员辩论如何处理自由贸易2015-05-31
The United States Senate recently passed a measure called Trade Promotion Authority. Under the bill, the Congress can only vote for or against a trade agreement once it has been negotiated.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国参议院将就贸易促进授权法案进行最终投票2015-05-22
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. The United States Senate moved closer this week to a final vote on Trade Promotion Authority. The Senate agreed on Thursday to end debate on the TPA bill. The vote was 62 to 38.
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