美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

The Making of a Nation(建国史话) 这一专题节目向听众介绍美利坚合众国从十三个殖民地区域到现代工业国的孕育、诞生以及形成超级大国的历史过程,并以历史为线索,特定的历史时期为单位,以重大的历史事件为主题材来叙述各个党派、各届总统和政府的历史作用与贡献。这是每个英语学习者都应了解的基本知识。The Making of a Nation每逢星期四播出。这是个系列节目,坚持收听,则有助于系统了解美国的历史概况。

voa慢速英语:American History Series:Confederate Capital Falls2017-04-18
On March fourth, eighteen sixty-five, Abraham Lincoln was sworn-in as president after winning a second term. The election had taken place in the Union of northern states. The Union still followed the United States Constitution. The Confederacy of southern
voa慢速英语:美国历史系列:1964选举林肯击败麦克莱伦2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-four the Union of northern states and the Confederacy of southern states were still fighting. The Civil War began in eighteen sixty-one.
voa慢速英语讲解:美国历史系列:谢尔曼大行军点燃亚特兰大2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-four, the battle at Cold Harbor in Virginia ended a month of fighting by the Union Army of the Potomac. The campaign had brought the army almost to the edge of Richmond, the Confederate capital.
voa慢速英语:儿童故事:佩科斯-比尔2017-04-18
Today we tell a traditional American story called a "tall tale." A tall tale is a story about a person who is larger than life. The descriptions in the story are exaggerated 每 much greater than in real life. Long ago, the people who settled in undevelop
voa慢速英语讲解:美国历史系列:维克斯堡的胜利使联邦分裂2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-three, Union forces defeated Confederate forces in the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War -- the Battle of Gettysburg. Soon after that, the Union won another important victory, seizing Vicksburg, Mississippi.
voa慢速英语:短篇小说:生活的波折—欧亨利2017-04-18
Justice of the Peace Benaja Widdup sat in the doorway of his office smoking his pipe. The Cumberland Mountains of Tennessee rose blue-gray in the afternoon sky. A bird, a speckled hen, walked down the main street, making foolish sounds.
voa慢速英语:American History Series: Lincoln at Gettysburg2017-04-18
In November of eighteen sixty-three, President Abraham Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He went there to make a speech at a ceremony establishing a military burial ground.
voa慢速英语讲解:美国历史系列:李将军率军跨入北方2017-04-18
Two years of a bitter, bloody civil war started to show their effects on both the Confederate states of the South and the Union states of the North. Both sides began to feel the pressure of the costly struggle. The South, however, felt the pressure more s
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Robert E. Lee's Surrender2017-04-18
It was mostly his military skill and intelligence that kept the South in the field so long. But even his extraordinary skill could not save the South from the industrial power of the North and its mighty armies -- armies that were well-fed and well-equipp
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Lincoln Defeats McClellan in 1864 Election2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-four the Union of northern states and the Confederacy of southern states were still fighting. The Civil War began in eighteen sixty-one.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Sherman Burns Atlanta in March to the Sea2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-four, the battle at Cold Harbor in Virginia ended a month of fighting by the Union Army of the Potomac. The campaign had brought the army almost to the edge of Richmond, the Confederate capital.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Victory at Vicksburg Splits the Confederacy2017-04-18
In eighteen sixty-three, Union forces defeated Confederate forces in the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War -- the Battle of Gettysburg. Soon after that, the Union won another important victory, seizing Vicksburg, Mississippi.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Lincoln at Gettysburg2017-04-18
In November of eighteen sixty-three, President Abraham Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He went there to make a speech at a ceremony establishing a military burial ground.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: As the Civil War Grows, So Does Opposition2017-04-18
The South was beginning to suffer from a lack of supplies and men for its armies. The North was beginning to suffer from a lack of fighting spirit.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Lincoln Declares Slaves Free in Rebel States2017-04-18
The Civil War began in eighteen sixty-one as a struggle over the right of states to leave the Union. President Abraham Lincoln firmly believed that a state did not have that right. And he declared war on the southern states that tried to leave.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Lincoln Needs a Victory2017-04-18
By the summer of eighteen sixty-two, the American Civil War had been going on for more than a year. The Union had won some battles. The Confederacy had won others. But neither side was in a position to win the war.
[VOA建国史话]At Bull Run, a Terrible Defeat for the North2017-04-18
Two summers had gone by since the start of the American Civil War, and the North had not yet won a major battle in Virginia. The Army of the Potomac -- the strongest of the Union armies -- had tried to seize Richmond, the Confederate capital.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: South Defends Its Capital2017-04-18
In the American Civil War, the North hoped for a quick victory by capturing the southern capital at Richmond, Virginia. Northern forces were strong enough. There were about one hundred fifty thousand Union soldiers in and around Washington.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: The Civil War at Sea2017-04-18
The American Civil War in the eighteen sixties was fought not only on land. There was a great deal of fighting between the Union and Confederate navies.
[VOA建国史话]Lincoln Names a General to Defend Washington2017-04-18
In July of eighteen sixty-one, Union soldiers from the North and Confederate soldiers from the South fought the first major battle in the American Civil War. They clashed at Manassas, or Bull Run, Virginia, less than fifty kilometers from Washington.
[VOA建国史话]The North Loses the First Major Battle of the War2017-04-18
Scott believed it would be a long war. He planned to spend the first year of it getting ready to fight. He had an army of thousands of men, and it would get much larger in coming months. But this army was not trained. His soldiers were civilians who knew
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: The Civil War's First Days2017-04-18
Years of disagreement between the North and the South finally burst into civil war in April of eighteen sixty-one. Seven states in the South had withdrawn from the Union. Soldiers of the new Confederate States of America shelled the Union base at Fort Sum
[VOA建国史话]At Fort Sumter, the War Begins2017-04-18
Just before sunrise on April twelfth, eighteen sixty-one, the first shot was fired in the American Civil War. A heavy mortar roared, sending a shell high over the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina. The shell dropped and exploded above Fort Sumter, a Un
[VOA建国史话] Lincoln's Policy on South Is Soon Tested2017-04-18
On a cold and cloudy day in March of eighteen sixty-one, Abraham Lincoln became the sixteenth president of the United States. In his inaugural speech, the new president announced the policy that he would follow toward the southern states that had left the
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Lincoln Names a Cabinet2017-04-18
By February first, eighteen sixty-one, seven southern states had withdrawn from the United States of America. They created their own independent nation -- the Confederate States of America. The South seceded because Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, had been
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: South Carolina Leaves Union, Tensions Increase2017-04-18
South Carolina withdrew from the United States on December twentieth, eighteen sixty. The state seceded because a Republican, Abraham Lincoln, had been elected president. The Republicans were a new party, and Lincoln was the first to be elected president.
[VOA建国史话]American By Frank Beardsley2017-04-18
Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election in November of eighteen sixty. When he took office several months later, he faced the most serious crisis in American history. The southern states had finally acted on their earlier threats. They had begun to
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Hopes, Fears and the Election of 18602017-04-18
After four years as president, James Buchanan decided not to run again. Buchanan was a Democrat. His party, like the nation, was split over slavery. Southern Democrats wanted the party to support slavery. Northern Democrats refused.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: A Failed Attempt to Raise a Rebel Army of Slaves2017-04-18
In October of eighteen fifty-nine, a group of anti-slavery extremists attacked the town of Harpers Ferry. Harpers Ferry was part of Virginia then; today it is located in West Virginia. The attackers were led by John Brown.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: The Story of John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry2017-04-18
One day in October of eighteen fifty-nine, Americans were shocked by news of an attack led by John Brown. He was an antislavery extremist. Many people also considered him a madman.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Slavery Crisis Eases, but Not for Very Lo2017-04-18
Throughout most of the eighteen fifties, war was a continual threat between the North and the South over the issue of slavery. Then, in the autumn of eighteen fifty-nine, the crisis seemed to calm.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Brigham Young Leads His Mormons to a New2017-04-18
The church split when Joseph Smith said that Mormons could have more than one wife. The split led to violence and public opposition to the Mormons. Smith was arrested and put in jail. A mob attacked the jail and killed Smith and his brother. The governor
[VOA建国史话]The Making of a Nation - American History Series: Search for Gold Drives Settlers to the We2017-04-18
As we reported in our last program, slavery supporters failed to push through Congress a bill to make Kansas a slave state. Congress, instead, let the people of Kansas vote on the statehood constitution written by pro-slavery men. The people rejected the
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: The Effort to Make Kansas a Slave State2017-04-18
The Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to close territories to slavery. It said the Missouri Compromise was a violation of the United States Constitution, and that Dred Scott was not a free man.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Slavery Debate Intensifies With Dred Scot2017-04-18
As we said last week, James Buchanan of Pennsylvania won the presidential election of eighteen fifty-six. He defeated John Fremont, the candidate of the newly created Republican Party, which opposed slavery.
[VOA建国史话] American History Series: Kansas Takes Steps Towards Statehood2017-04-18
Pierce agreed that Kansas was a serious problem. He seemed ready to act. So Reeder returned home and opened the first meeting of the territorial legislature. The pro-slavery majority quickly voted to move to a town close to the Missouri border. It also ap
[VOA建国史话] American History Series: The Kansas-Nebraska Bill Divides the Country2017-04-18
Franklin Pierce was elected the fourteenth president in eighteen fifty-two. He was forty-eight years old, one of America's youngest presidents.
[VOA建国史话] American History Series: Pierce, New President, Is Friendly but Weak2017-04-18
In eighteen fifty, President Zachary Taylor died after serving about a year and a half in office. Taylor's vice president, Millard Fillmore, took his place.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: Andrew Johnson Faces a Fight Over Aiding South2017-04-18
In the spring of eighteen sixty-five, the American Civil War was over. And the president who had led the Union during that war was dead. Abraham Lincoln had been murdered before the final surrender of Confederate forces.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: The Final Surrender2017-04-18
Abraham Lincoln did not live to see the final surrender of the armies of the Confederacy. A Confederate sympathizer shot the president at Ford's Theatre in Washington on April fourteenth, eighteen sixty-five.
[VOA建国史话]American History Series: After Lincoln's Murder2017-04-18
Defense lawyers appealed for mercy. The appeal was rejected. On July seventh, David Herold, Lewis Paine, George Atzerodt and Mary Surratt were hanged for the murder of Abraham Lincoln.

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