TED全球问题:Sarah Parcak: Hunting for Peru's lost civilizations -- with satellites

In July of 1911,a 35-year-old Yale graduate and professorset out from his rainforest campwith his team.After climbing a steep hilland wiping the sweat from his brow,he desCRIbed what he saw beneath him.He saw rising fromthe dense rainforest foliagethis incredible interlockingmaze of structuresbuilt of granite,beautifully put together.

What's amazing about this projectis that it was the first fundedby National Geographic,and it graced the front coverof its magazine in 1912.This professor used state-of-the-artphotography equipmentto record the site,forever changing the face of exploration.

The site was Machu Picchu,discovered and explored by Hiram Bingham.When he saw the site, he asked,"This is an impossible dream.What could it be?"

So today,100 years later,I invite you allon an incredible journey with me,a 37-year-old Yale graduate and professor.


We will do nothing lessthan use state-of-the-art technologyto map an entire country.This is a dream started by Hiram Bingham,but we are expanding it to the world,making archaeological explorationmore open, inclusive,and at a scale simplynot previously possible.

This is why I am so excitedto share with you all todaythat we will beginthe 2016 TED Prize platformin Latin America,more specifically Peru.


Thank you.

We will be takingHiram Bingham's impossible dreamand turning it into an amazing futurethat we can all share in together.

So Peru doesn't just have Machu Picchu.It has absolutely stunning jewelry,like what you can see here.It has amazing Moche potteryof human figures.It has the Nazca Linesand amazing textiles.So as part of the TED Prize platform,we are going to partneringwith some incredible organizations,first of all with DigitalGlobe,the world's largest providerof high-resolutioncommercial satellite imagery.They're going to be helping us build outthis amazing crowdsourcingplatform they have.Maybe some of you used itwith the MH370 crashand search for the airplane.Of course, they'll also be providing uswith the satellite imagery.National Geographic will be helping uswith education and of course exploration.As well, they'll be providing uswith rich content for the platform,including some of the archival imagerylike you saw at the beginning of this talkand some of their documentary footage.We've already begunto build and plan the platform,and I'm just so excited.

So here's the cool part.My team, headed up by Chase Childs,is already beginning to lookat some of the satellite imagery.Of course, what you can see hereis 0.3-meter data.This is site called Chan Chanin northern Peru.It dates to 850 AD.It's a really amazing city,but let's zoom in.This is the type and quality of datathat you all will get to see.You can see individual structures,individual buildings.And we've already begunto find previously unknown sites.What we can say alreadyis that as part of the platform,you will all help discoverthousands of previously unknown sites,like this one here,and this potentially large one here.Unfortunately, we've also begunto uncover large-scale looting at sites,like what you see here.So many sites in Peru are threatened,but the great partis that all of this datais going to be sharedwith archaeologists on the front linesof protecting these sites.

So I was just in Peru,meeting with their Minister of Cultureas well as UNESCO.We'll be collaborating closely with them.Just so you all know,the site is going to bein both English and Spanish,which is absolutely essential to make surethat people in Peru and acrossLatin America can participate.Our main project coprincipal investigatoris the gentleman you see here,Dr. Luis Jaime Castillo,professor at Catholic University.As a respected Peruvian archaeologistand former vice-minister,Dr. Castillo will be helping us coordinateand share the data with archaeologistsso they can explorethese sites on the ground.He also runs this amazingdrone mapping program,some of the images of whichyou can see behind me here and here.And this data will be incorporatedinto the platform,and also he'll be helping to imagesome of the new sites you help find.

Our on-the-ground partnerwho will be helping uswith education, outreach,as well as site preservation components,is the SustainablePreservation Initiative,led by Dr. Larry Coben.Some of you may not be awarethat some of the world'spoorest communitiescoexist with some of the world'smost well-known archaeological sites.What SPI doesis it helps to empower these communities,in particular women,with new economic approachesand business training.So it helps to teach themto create beautiful handicraftswhich are then sold on to tourists.This empowers the womento treasure their cultural heritageand take ownership of it.I had the opportunity to spend some timewith 24 of these womenat a well-known archaeological sitecalled Pachacamac, just outside Lima.These women were unbelievably inspiring,and what's great is that SPIwill help us transform communitiesnear some of the sitesthat you help to discover.

Peru is just the beginning.We're going to be expandingthis platform to the world,but already I've gottenthousands of emailsfrom people all across the world —professors, educators, students,and other archaeologists —who are so excited to help participate.In fact, they're already suggestingamazing places for us to help discover,including Atlantis.I don't know if we're goingto be looking for Atlantis,but you never know.

So I'm just so excitedto launch this platform.It's going to be launched formallyby the end of the year.And I have to say,if what my team has already discoveredin the past few weeks are any indication,what the world discoversis just going to be beyond imagination.Make sure to hold on to your alpacas.

Thank you very much.


Thank you.


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