Today in History 历史上的今日:9月25日

发表时间:2018-05-17内容来源:VOA英语学习网

September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 97 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Friday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Wednesday or Thursday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Saturday (56).

Events 著名事件

  • 275 – In Rome (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor.
  • 762 – Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge saw the defeat of Harald Hardrada King of Norway by King Harold II of England.
  • 1237 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.
  • 1396 – Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
  • 1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Nú?ez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1555 – The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
  • 1690 – Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe. Benedict Arnold and his expeditionary company set off from Fort Western, bound for Quebec City.
  • 1789 – The United States Congress passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: The Congressional Apportionment Amendment (which was never ratified), the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the Bill of Rights.
  • 1790 – Peking opera is born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.
  • 1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver.
  • 1868 – The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevsky is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • 1890 – The United States Congress establishes Sequoia National Park.
  • 1906 – Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the Telekino, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered to be the first use of a remote control.
  • 1911 – An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship.
  • 1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
  • 1915 – World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
  • 1926 – The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed.
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
  • 1942 – World War II: Swiss Police instruction dictates that "Under current practice ... refugees on the grounds of race alone are not political refugees", effectively denying entry to Jews trying to flee occupied Europe during the Holocaust.
  • 1944 – World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden.
  • 1955 – The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1956 – TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
  • 1957 – Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
  • 1959 – Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
  • 1962 – The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
  • 1962 – The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah al-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency.
  • 1963 – Lord Denning releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo Affair.
  • 1964 – The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins.
  • 1969 – The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.
  • 1970 – Ceasefire between Jordan and the Fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
  • 1974 – The first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (Tommy John surgery) performed, on baseball player Tommy John.
  • 1977 – About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon.
  • 1978 – PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.
  • 1981 – Belize joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Maze Prison escape: Thirty-eight IRA prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze prison.
  • 1992 – NASA launches the Mars Observer, a $511 million probe to Mars, in the first U.S. mission to the planet in 17 years. Eleven months later, the probe would fail.
  • 2003 – The 8.3 Mw Hokkaidō earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan.
  • 2014 – Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, in Chicago, Illinois, regains title as world's busiest airport from Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180517/Today-in-History-September-25.html

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