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[00:00.10]Lesson 8 ;

[00:02.37]accord[ 'k:d] ;n.一致,符合;谅解,协议 vi.相符合,相和谐(with) vt.授予,赠与;给予

[00:03.86]Israel and Palestine have not yet been in accord ;以色列与巴基斯坦至今仍 未能达成一致

[00:06.94]on the problem of Jerusalem's asCRIption. ;就耶路撒冷的归属问题.

[00:09.93]anticipate [n'tisipeit] ;vt.预期,期望,预料; 先于行动,提前使用

[00:11.47]It is believed in China that a man who always anticipates his income ;中国人认为,总是预支工 资,寅吃卯粮的人,

[00:15.08]can never become rich. ;永远不能成为富人.

[00:16.93]Haier often anticipat- es its competitors by getting its products onto the market first. ;“海尔”经常赶在竞争对 手之前,先把产品推向市 场.

[00:23.17]bore[b:] ;vt.使厌烦,使厌倦; 钻(孔),挖(洞) n.令人讨厌的人(或事)

[00:24.40]I'm bored,let's go to the cinema. ;我闷了,咱们去看电影吧.

[00:27.09]Don't be such a bore! ;别这么讨厌.

[00:29.15]combine [k m'bain,'kmbain] ;v.结合,联合,化合 n.联合企业(或团体); 联合收割机

[00:30.73]In Indonesia,the two principal political parties have combined to form a government. ;在印尼,两个主要政党已 经联合起来组成政府.

[00:35.57]The choreography,which combines artistry and athletics,is extremely innovative. ;兼有艺术和运动的舞蹈艺 术是极具创新意义的.

[00:41.82]conclusion [k n'klu: n] ;n.结论,推论;结尾; 缔结,议定

[00:43.49]Some found the conclusion of the film Titanic very disappointing. ;有些人觉得电影《泰坦尼 克号》的结尾是令人失望 的.

[00:47.36]Historians have arrived at the conclusion ;历史学家认为,

[00:49.97]that the Tibetan nationality formed during the 7th century ;藏族形成于公元7世纪,

[00:53.61]when the Tubo kingdom unified many tribes in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. ;当时吐蕃王国将青藏高原 上的许多部落统一起来.

[00:58.55]contest['kntest] ;n.竞赛,比赛;争夺,竞赛 vt.争夺,与…竞争; 对…提出质疑;辩驳

[01:00.05]If the election is one-sided,it is really no contest. ;如果选举呈一边倒的局 面,那么实际上毫无竞争 可言.

[01:03.92]crowed[kraud] ;n.人群,群众;一群,一批 vi.聚集,群集;挤,涌 vt.挤满,塞满;挤,推

[01:05.26]Bai Juyi wrote all his poems for the crowed rather than for specialists. ;白居易的全部诗作都是为 一般大众所写,而不是写 给专家们.

[01:10.29]Urban Japanese have long endured lengthy travels to and from work ;生活在城里的日本人长期 以来都要每天长时间乘车 上下班,

[01:14.93]and crowed living conditions. ;而居住条件又非常拥挤.

[01:17.02]delete[di'li:t] ;vt.删除;擦掉, 勾消,除去

[01:18.25]The editor deleted the last paragraph from the article. ;编辑删除了文章的最后 一段.

[01:21.60]For most people,the first love can't be deleted from memory easily. ;对于大多数人来说,初恋 总是不能轻易地从记忆中 抹去.

[01:26.13]disorder[dis':d ] ;n.混乱,凌乱;骚乱,动乱; (身心,机能的)失调;病

[01:27.62]Everyone began shouting at once and the meeting broke up in disorder. ;大家一下子全部喊叫起 来,会议秩序大乱而被迫 中断.

[01:32.02]Mental disorder is very common in people now. ;心理失调对当代人来说是 很普通的病症.

[01:35.32]drain [drein] ;vt.排走,排去...的水; 渐渐耗尽 vi.慢慢流掉,减少

[01:36.06]drain [drein] ;n.耗竭,消耗;排水沟, 排水管

[01:36.55]The rainwater drained slowly because the drain was blocked. ;雨水排得很慢,因为排水 沟给堵住了.

[01:40.02]enforce[in'f:s] ;vt.实施,生效,执行; 强迫,迫使

[01:41.43]Most airlines enforce a total ban in using portable electronic devices, ;绝大多数航空公司都禁用 手提电子设备,

[01:45.87]which will affect the safety of the flight. ;因为那会影响飞机安全.

[01:48.42]Don't stand in the way when the police enforce the law. ;别妨碍警察执法.

[01:52.12]exhibit[ig'zibit] ;vt.展出,展览,陈列; 显示,显出 n.展览品,陈列品

[01:53.48]Many children are especially interested in dinosaur exhibits. ;许多孩子对博物馆展出的 恐龙特别感兴趣.

[01:58.01]Social scientists want to explain why we possess certain characteristics ;社会学家想解释为什么我 们具有某些特性,

[02:02.36]and exhibit certain behaviors. ;呈现某种特定行为.

[02:04.92]format['f:mt] ;n.设计,安排;格式, 样式,版式 vt.使格式化

[02:06.28]Many literary classics are now reissued in a new format. ;许多文学名著现在以新的 版式再版.

[02:10.15]You'd better format the disc before you use it. ;使用磁盘之前最好先格式 化.

[02:13.14]grade[greid] ;n.等级,级别;成绩,分数; (学校的)年级

[02:13.89]grade[greid] ;vt.将...分等; 对...进行评分

[02:14.41]Grading people only by their clothing is stupid. ;单凭衣着给人分等级是 愚蠢的.

[02:17.62]imagine [i'mdin] ;vt.想象,设想; 料想,猜想

[02:18.86]You can't imagine how the refuges live in Somali. ;你不可能想象得出索马里 的难民是如何生活的.

[02:21.63]Without electricity, it would be hard to imagine ;很难想象现代社会如果没 有电

[02:24.18]what the modern world would look like. ;会是什么模样.

[02:26.38]interpret[in't :prit] ;vi.口译,翻译 vt.解释,说明,诠释

[02:27.78]To interpret simultaneously is extremely difficult. ;同声翻译是极困难的.

[02:31.04]Literature helps to interpret life. ;文学有助于阐释人生.

[02:33.59]minor['main ] ;a.较小的,较少的;次要的 n.副修科目;未成年人 vi.(~in)(大学中)副修

[02:34.82]Mei Lanfang was just given a minor part in a new play for his first time on stage. ;梅兰芳第一次登上舞台只 分到一出新戏中的一个较 次要的角色.

[02:40.23]Many university stude- nts will minor in some practical courses ;许多大学生都会副修一些 实用性的课程,

[02:43.73]in order to get a good job. ;目的是为了能找份好工作

[02:45.51]offensive[ 'fensiv] ;a.冒犯的,无礼的,使人不 快的;进攻的,攻击性的 n.进攻,攻势

[02:46.87]Don't glare at wild animals' eyes.It will be taken as an offensive gesture. ;别盯着野生动物的眼睛 看,那会被视作攻击性的 姿态.

[02:51.53]The company has launched a strong marketing offensive ;公司已经发动争取市场 的强大攻势

[02:54.26]to try to increase sales. ;以期增加销售量.

[02:56.15]perfect['p :fikt] ;a.完美的;完全的,十足 的;(动词)完成时 vt.使完美,改善

[02:57.36]This wonderful view in Hawaii is perfect for daydreaming. ;夏威夷绝佳的风景很能给 人以无尽遐想.

[03:00.79]The piano was perfected in the early eighteen century ;钢琴的完善和制成是在 18世纪早期

[03:03.69]by a harpsichord maker in Italy. ;由意大利一位伟大的键琴 制作者.

[03:06.59]pilot ['pail t] ;n.飞行员;引航员,舵手 vt.驾驶(飞机等); 为…领航;实验,试用

[03:07.65]pilot ['pail t] ;a.实验性的,试点的

[03:08.18]An airline pilot must be alert at all times. ;飞行员必须时刻保持 警惕.

[03:11.43]The captain piloted the ship through the canal. ;船长引领船只通过运河.

[03:14.60]previous['pri:vi s] ;a.先,前,以前的; (~to)在之前

[03:16.01]Enough materials should be collected previous to writing. ;写作之前要收集足够的 材料.

[03:19.79]prosperous ['prsp r s] ;a.繁荣的,兴旺的

[03:21.28]After the end of the Second World War, ;“二战”后

[03:23.48]America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians ;战后的美国和美国人的 兴旺成为欧洲和亚洲人 梦寐以求的目标,

[03:28.85]whose economies the war had destroyed. ;因为战争毁掉了他们的 经济.

[03:31.84]refresh[ri'fre] ;v.(使)振作精神, (使)恢复活力

[03:33.42]A cold drink refreshed me after my long walk. ;走了很长一段路之后,一 杯冷饮使我恢复了精神.

[03:36.41]Enough time should be left for sleep because that will help one become refreshed. ;应该留足够的时间睡觉, 因为那有助于精力恢复.

[03:41.34]risk [risk] ;n.危险,风险;引起危险 的事物(或人)

[03:42.04]risk [risk] ;vt.冒...的危险, 使遭受危险

[03:42.39]Anyone who smokes is risking his health. ;谁抽烟谁就是在危害自己 的健康.

[03:45.56]The economy will fall further,putting more jobs at risk. ;经济将进一步滑坡,使更 多人遭受失业的危险.

[03:49.52]The usual risks of the desert: rattlesnakes,heat,and lack of water. ;沙漠中常见的危险有: 响尾蛇,酷热及缺水.

[03:54.62]sense[sens] ;n.官能,感觉,判断力, 见识,...感,意义,理性 vt.感到,理解,认识

[03:56.03]A sense of humor is a great asset for a person. ;幽默感是一个人的宝贵 财产.

[03:59.02]Don't waste time with the nonsense.Please try to make sense. ;别浪费时间尽说废话, 讲点有意义的东西.

[04:02.53]I can sense the tension before the exam. ;我可以感觉到考试前紧张 的气氛.

[04:05.79]sheet [i:t] ;n.被单;薄板;(一)片 (一)张,(一)块

[04:07.11]Remember to take the bed sheets in if it rains. ;要是下雨的话,记得收 被单,

[04:10.36]Write down your answers on the answer sheet. ;把答案写在答题卡纸上.

[04:13.35]string [stri] ;n.线,弦,细绳;一串,一行 vt.用线串; (用线)悬挂,系住

[04:14.59]I have broken a string in my tennis racket. ;我把网球拍上的一根绷绳 给弄断了.

[04:17.22]The violin is loosely strung. ;这把小提琴装的松了.

[04:19.69]theme [i:m] ;n.(谈话,写作等的) 题目,主题

[04:21.09]Boys are the usual themes in girls' chats. ;男孩是女孩闲聊的永恒 主题.

[04:24.26]It is a common theme in many fiction stories ;这是许多科幻小说的 共同主题

[04:27.07]that the world may one day be taken over by insects. ;这个世界有一天被昆虫接 管,

[04:30.24]vital['vait l] ;a.生命攸关的,极为重要 的;有生命的,充满生机 的

[04:31.56]Irrigation was vital to agriculture. ;灌溉对农业至关重要.

[04:35.87]Lesson 9 ;

[04:38.95]accordance [ 'k:d ns] ;n.一致,和谐,符合

[04:40.36]The Army and Navy of South Korea were reformed ;韩国的陆军和海军进行了 改革

[04:43.32]in accordance with Western models after the Second World War. ;二战之后,以与西方接轨.

[04:46.95]appropriate [ 'pr upriit] ;a.适当的,恰当的 vt.私占,侵吞,挪用;拨出 (款项等)供专用

[04:48.45]The Chinese government appropriated a large sum of money ;政府拨出一大笔钱

[04:51.26]to settle the transmigrants from the Three Gorges. ;安置三峡移民.

[04:54.78]Plain and simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. ;上学时的衣着应该简单 而朴实.

[04:58.39]blame[bleim] ;vt.指责,责怪;..归咎于 n.(过错,事故等的) 责任;指责,责备

[04:59.71]Don't always blame your own failure on others.Sometimes you yourself are to blame. ;不要总把失败归咎于他 人.有时该怪你自己.

[05:04.90]challenge['tlind] ;n.艰巨的任务;怀疑, 质问;挑战,邀请比赛

[05:05.78]challenge['tlind] ;vt.反对,公然反抗; 向...挑战;对...怀疑, 对...质疑

[05:06.48]Michael Chan is the only one among all the Chinese-origin tennis players ;张德培是惟一的华裔网球 选手

[05:10.88]who can challenge the world champion. ;能向世界冠军挑战.

[05:13.16]Acquiring a foreign language in three months' time ;

[05:16.07]is really a challenge to anyone. ;在3个月内学会一门外语, 对任何人来说不是简单 事儿.

[05:18.27]commission [k 'mi n] ;n.委员会;佣金,回扣; 授权,委托 vt.委托,委任

[05:19.59]Today,insurance salesmen ;现在,保险推销员

[05:21.61]can get considerable commission on their successful sales. ;可从成功销售中获得可观 的佣金.

[05:24.95]You can commission Bank of China to pay your income taxes-- that's very convenient ;你可以授权中国银行代缴 所得税,那很方便.

[05:30.14]condemn [k n'dem] ;vt.谴责;判...刑; 宣告...有罪

[05:31.37]Any nation that interferes in the internal affairs of another nation ;任何一个干涉他国内政的 国家

[05:34.89]should be universally condemned. ;都应该受到普遍谴责.

[05:37.00]convenience [k n'vi:ni ns] ;n.方便,合宜;便利设施, 方便的用具

[05:38.58]Five-star hotels are full of conveniences of every sort. ;五星级酒店设备齐全.

[05:42.28]While computers offer convenience to consumers, ;电脑不仅给消费者带来方 便,

[05:45.62]they have many advantages for sellers too. ;同时也给销售者带来 诸多好处.

[05:48.43]cruise[kru:z] ;vi.航游,巡航:(出租车, 船等)缓慢巡行 n.航游,游弋

[05:49.67]Quite a few taxis are cruising for fares near the cinema. ;不少计程车在电影院附近 转悠着等着拉客.

[05:53.18]Many girls have no idea what a cruise missile is. ;许多女孩都不知道巡航导 弹是何物.

[05:56.88]direct [di'rekt,dai'rekt] ;a.直接的;坦率的;正好的 ad.直接地,径直地

[05:57.76]direct [di'rekt,dai'rekt] ;vt.针对;指导; 给...指路;指示; 指挥;导演

[05:58.20]United Airlines has direct flights from Hong Kong to India. ;联合航空公司有从香港直 飞印度的航班.

[06:01.98]Almost all the recent CRIticism from the mass media in Japan ;在日本,近来大众媒体的 几乎所有批评

[06:05.67]is directed at the ever-increasing rate of unemployment. ;都是针对越来越高的失业 率.

[06:09.10]doubtful['dautful] ;a.难以预测的,未定的; 怀疑的,可疑的

[06:10.34]Any theory that has not been tested is a doubtful one. ;任何未经检验的理论都是 不足信的.

[06:13.59]engage [in'geid] ;vt.吸引,占用;(电话)占 线;使从事;聘用;使订婚 vi.(~in)参加,从事于

[06:14.91]Studying engages most of my time. ;学习占用了我大部分时间

[06:17.37]Beautiful clothes can easily engage girls' attention. ;漂亮的衣服总能轻易地吸 引女孩的注意.

[06:20.54]Do you want to be engaged in politics or business? ;你想从政还是从商?

[06:23.35]Being engaged to someone from a rich and powerful family is many actresses' dream. ;嫁入豪门是很多女明星的 梦想.

[06:28.81]faith[fei] ;n.信任,信赖,信心; 信仰,信条

[06:29.95]Keeping faith with friends is a good character. ;对朋友守信用是一种好 品格.

[06:33.12]force[f:s] ;n.[pl.]部队,军队,兵力 暴力,武力;力,力量, 力气;影响力,效力

[06:33.82]force[f:s] ;vt.强迫,迫使; 用力推动,用力打开

[06:34.26]New emerging forces are invincible. ;新生力量是不可战胜的.

[06:36.99]It's not proper to force your idea upon others. ;把自己的想法强加于人是 不当的.

[06:40.59]habit['hbit] ;n.习惯,习性

[06:41.91]Hitler once declared that eating meat was a bad habit ;希特勒曾公开说,吃肉是 一种坏习惯,

[06:44.99]that had led to the decay of past civilizations. ;导致了过往文明的衰落.

[06:48.25]implement['implim nt] ;vt.使生效,履行,实施 n.工具,器具,用具

[06:49.56]The imperial civil examination system was implemented in China ;中国实行科举制度

[06:53.35]from the Sui Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. ;从隋朝延续到清朝.

[06:55.81]Rakes,ploughs,hoes and spades are simple farming implements. ;耙、犁、锄、铲是简单 的农具.

[07:00.21]inherit[in'herit] ;vt.继承

[07:01.53]Princess Diana was a woman of great beauty, ;戴安娜王妃是个大美人,

[07:03.81]and her sons Henry and William inherit some of her looks. ;儿子亨利和威廉继承了她 的美貌.

[07:07.24]The new Japanese administration inherited ;日本新政府继承了

[07:09.79]the ecnomic problems of the last four years. ;前4年的经济问题.

[07:12.78]investigate [in'vestigeit] ;v.调查,调查研究

[07:14.46]Sherlock Holmes investigated many cases ;福尔摩斯调查过多宗案件

[07:17.01]by following the footprints left at the scene of the CRIme. ;通过犯罪现场留下的脚印

[07:20.09]legislation [,ledis'lei n] ;n.法律,法规;立法, 法律的制定(或通过)

[07:21.67]The right of legislation belongs to the Congress in the U.S.A. ;美国的立法权属于国会.

[07:25.89]mislead[mis'li:d] ;vt.给 错误印象, 使误解;把…带错路; 把…带坏,使误入歧途

[07:27.39]Don't let his friendly manner mislead you into trusting him. ;不要让他那种友好的态度 使你误信他.

[07:30.73]Juveniles lacking social experience are likely to be misled by strangers' appearance. ;缺少社会经验的青少年容 易为陌生人的外表所迷惑.

[07:35.83]operation [,p 'rei n] ;n.操作,运转,经营;手术; (军事)行动;活动;运算

[07:37.33]The skilful operation of a computer is hard to learn. ;学会熟练地操作电脑并不 是容易的.

[07:40.58]The enlarged markets in China ;中国市场的扩大

[07:42.68]require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers' demands. ;要求经营规模的扩大 以满足顾客需求.

[07:46.56]pension['pen n] ;vt.发给 养老金(或退 职金,抚恤金的) n.养老金,抚恤金

[07:47.88]Some Russian veterans complained that their tiny nautical pensions ;有些俄罗斯退伍兵抱怨 说,他们的那点海军养老 金

[07:51.49]is hardly enough to pay for one cockroach. ;连养活一只蟑螂都不够.

[07:54.48]In the days of infla- tion people on retire- ment pensions find it difficult to live. ;在通货膨胀的日子里,靠 退休金生活的人发现很难 过活.

[07:59.40]potential [p 'ten l] ;a.潜在的,可能的; 潜力,潜能

[08:00.81]While nuclear weapons present grave potential dangers, ;虽然核武器存在严重的潜 在危险,

[08:04.28]the crisis of overpopulation is still the main problem we are facing today. ;但我们今天面临的主要问 题仍是人口过剩的危机.

[08:09.34]protect[pr 'tekt] ;vt.??保卫

[08:11.01]Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the Great Wall to be built along the northern border to ;秦始皇命令在北部边界沿 线构筑了长城,

[08:15.50]protect the country against attack. ;以保卫国家免受攻击.

[08:17.87]If nothing is done to protect the environment, ;如果我们今天不采取什么 措施保护环境,?

[08:20.34]millions of species that are alive today will become extinct. ;那么成百万的物种将会 灭绝.

[08:23.50]recognize['rek gnaiz] ;vt.认出,识别; 承认,确认,认可; 赏识,表彰,报偿

[08:24.65]Most developing countries are faced with the necessity ;大多数的发展国家都必须

[08:27.64]to recognize that having more people implies a lower standard of living. ;认识到,拥有越多的人 口就意味着生活水平越 低下.

[08:31.95]When any non-human organ is transplanted into a person, ;当任何非人体器官被移植 到一个人身上,

[08:35.73]the body immediately recognizes it as foreign. ;他的身体马上会认出它是 异质的.

[08:40.48]reproduce [,ri:pr 'dju:s] ;v.复制,再现; 繁殖,生殖

[08:43.12]The movie Jurassic Park and the book on which it was based, ;电影《侏罗纪公园》以及 它所依据的那本书

[08:46.55]suggest the possibility of reproducing dinosaurs in test tubes ;让人们觉得,在试管里繁 殖恐龙是可能的

[08:50.15]through genetic engineering. ;通过基因工程.

[08:52.09]Photos can be reproduced without negatives now. ;现在相片没有底片也可以 复制.

[08:55.69]rotate[r u'teit] ;v.(使)旋转,(使)转动; (使)轮流

[08:57.54]The earth rotates around the sun ;地球围绕太阳转,

[08:59.56]and at the same time the earth rotates once a day. ;与此同时地球每天自转 一次.

[09:02.38]With victory in hand, ;因为胜券在握,

[09:04.14]the coach rotates his players frequently near the end of the game. ;教练在比赛即将结束时频 繁的轮换球员.

[09:07.83]slap[slp] ;vt.掴,掌击,拍, 啪的一声,(用力)放 a.掴,掌击,拍

[09:08.98]The girl slapped the boy (=give the boy a slap) in the face ;女孩给了男孩一记耳光

[09:10.56]because he kissed her without permission. ;因为男孩未经同意吻了她

[09:13.11]stroke[str uk] ;n.中风;一次努力;击,敲 报时的钟声;笔画;抚摸 vt.抚摸

[09:14.43]With one stroke of his ax, ;用斧子一砍,

[09:16.19]little George Washington had cut the cherry tree down. ;小乔治.华盛顿就砍倒了 这棵樱桃树.

[09:19.36]The first stroke is half the battle. ;[谚]良好的开端是成功 的一半.

[09:22.08]He stroked her hair affectionately. ;他深情地抚摸着她的 头发.

[09:24.81]tradition[tr 'di n] ;n.传统,惯例

[09:26.21]Making and having dum- plings on Chinese New Year's Eve is a tradi- tion in Northern China ;在农历大年夜做饺子,吃 饺子是中国北方的传统.

[09:31.23]wire['wai ] ;n.金属丝,电线;电报, 电信 vt.给...安装电线电汇, 给...电报

[09:31.93]wire['wai ] ;vi.打电报

[09:32.37]The house is not wired for electricity yet. ;这所房子还没有铺设好 电线.

[09:36.07]Lesson 10 ;

[09:38.97]achieve[ 'ti:v] ;vt.完成,实现,达到 vi.成功

[09:40.11]The US. achieved its predominance after World War Two ;美国在第二次世界大战后 获得了显著的优势,

[09:43.63]because the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors. ;因为大战破坏了它绝大多 数竞争对手的经济.

[09:48.64]After the long and persistent efforts, China has achieved a low birth rate. ;经过长期不懈的努力,中 国人口已实现了低出生率

[09:54.45]allowance[ 'lau ns] ;n.津贴,补贴,零用钱

[09:56.03]IBM offers quite a high traveling allowance to its employees. ;美国国际商用机器公司给 员工比较高的出差津贴.

[10:00.25]commitment [k 'mitm nt] ;n.承诺,许诺,保证; 信奉,献身;承担的义务

[10:01.84]Many people don't want to get married because they are afraid of commitments. ;许多人不愿结婚是因为他 们害怕承担责任.

[10:05.53]We're looking for someone with a real sense of commitment to the job. ;我们在寻求对此工作真正 能尽职尽责的人.

[10:09.49]condense[k n'dens] ;v.(使)冷凝,(使)凝结; 浓缩,压缩,简缩

[10:10.90]When the glass bottle containing water and water vapor ;当装有水和水蒸气的玻璃 瓶

[10:13.80]is placed in a mixture of dry ice and alcohol, ;放进干冰和酒精的混合 物中的时候,

[10:16.61]the sudden cold will make the water vapor condense into ice crystals. ;猝冷就会使得水蒸气凝结 成冰晶体.

[10:21.10]A long stroy may be condensed into a few sentences. ;一个长篇故事可缩写成几 句话.

[10:25.67]contemporary [k n'temp r ri] ;a.当代的,同时代的; n.同时代的人

[10:27.61]Most contemporary physicists have the notion that man can never discover ;绝大多数的当代物理学者 都认为,人类永远无法

[10:32.09]what such mysterious force as eclctricity, magnetism,and gravita- tion "really" are. ;弄清像电力,磁力和重力 之类的神秘力量究竟是什 么东西.

[10:38.16]cope[k up] ;vi.(~with)(成功地) 应付,(妥善地)处理

[10:39.31]In 1973-1974,the United States made great efforts to cope with ;在1973年至1974年期间, 美国费了很大力应付

[10:44.15]the serious problems created by the energy crisis. ;能源危机造成的各种严重 问题.

[10:47.49]decay[di'kei] ;vi.腐烂,腐朽;衰败, 衰退,衰落

[10:48.81]Each civilization is born,culminates,and decays. ;各种文明都要历经诞生、 鼎盛和衰落.

[10:52.68]Dentists advise their patient to brush and floss regularly ;牙医建议他们的病人定期 刷牙并用洁牙线剔牙,

[10:56.02]to prevent their teeth from decay. ;以防止蛀牙.

[10:58.22]depress[di'pres] ;vt.使沮丧,使消沉; 使不景气,削弱,按下, 压下

[10:59.45]I was depressed because someone had stolen my wallet on the bus. ;我很沮丧,因为在公共汽 车上我的钱包被人偷了.

[11:02.97]drag[drg] ;vt.拖,拉;迫使,硬拉 n.累赘,障碍; 一吸,一抽,一饮

[11:03.76]drag[drg] ;vi.拖着脚步走, 在地上拖着行进; 慢吞吞地行进,拖延

[11:04.38]The time dragged as we waited. ;我们等待着,时间慢慢地 捱过去了.

[11:06.94]Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the shakiness in the financial system ;目前还没有人清楚金融制 度的不稳定会在多长时间 以及多大程度上

[11:11.52]will drag down the economy. ;使经济下滑.

[11:13.43]economy[i'kn mi] ;n.经济,经济制度, 经济情况;省俭,节约, 充分利用

[11:14.85]The CEO made a blueprint based on the current economy for the company. ;执行总裁为公司规划了 蓝图,这一蓝图是建立在 当前经济情况的基础上的

[11:18.94]We should learn to practice economy in making out the household budget. ;你应当在制定家庭预算是 学会精打细算.

[11:23.27]enhance [in'hns,in'ha:ns] ;vt.提高,增加,加强

[11:24.81]Passing the College English Test Band-6 ;通过了大学六级考试

[11:27.48]should enhance your chances of getting a better post. ;会增加你获得更多职位的 机会.

[11:30.45]To survive in the intense trade competition between countries, ;为了在激烈的国际贸易竞 争中生存下来,

[11:34.03]our company must enhance the qualities and varieties of our products ;我们公司必须提高产品质 量,增加产品品种

[11:37.75]to meet the world market demand. ;以满足国际市场的需求.

[11:39.91]exclude[ik'sklu:d] ;vt.把...排斥在外; 不包括

[11:41.21]Some places of entertainment exclude people under 18. ;一些娱乐场所禁止18岁以 下的人进入.

[11:44.86]The court excludes the improperly obtained evidence. ;法院不接受非正常渠道取 得的证据.

[11:48.76]fill[fil] ;vt.装满,充满,布满; 以…充注,填塞;满足 vi.被充满n.充分,足够

[11:49.81]Please fill in/out/up this form,giving your name,age,and address. ;请在这份表格上填上你的 姓名、年龄和地址.

[11:54.02]Although the room was filled with laughter,I still felt very lonely ;虽然房间里充满了笑声, 但是我还是觉得很孤单.

[11:57.91]No more tea,thank you.I've had my fill. ;谢谢你,不要再添茶了, 我已经喝足了.

[12:01.07]glow[gl u] ;n.光亮,光辉;脸红;激情 vt.灼热,发光;(脸)红; (感情等)洋溢

[12:02.06]The glow of the setting sun is splendid; ;夕阳无限好,

[12:03.92]it is a pity that dust is fast approaching. ;只是近黄昏.

[12:06.70]The maple leaves of the Xingshan Mountain glowed red in the sunlight. ;香山红叶在阳光中闪耀着 红光.

[12:11.09]historic[his'trik] ;a.历史上著名的,具有重 大历史意义的;历史的 历史上的

[12:12.58]The Gettysburg Address,a historic address delivered by Abraham Lincoln, ;亚伯拉罕.林肯发表的历 史上著名的《葛底斯堡演 说》

[12:16.66]concisely expressed many of the ideals and principles of democracy. ;简明的阐述了民主的 理想和原则.

[12:21.05]July 13,2001 has become a historic day for China- ;2001年7月13日成为中国 历史上具有重大意义的日 子-

[12:25.88]Beijing succeeded in the 2008 Olympic bid. ;中国申办2008年奥运 会获得成功.

[12:29.84]incident['insid nt] ;n.发生的事,事件、事变

[12:31.20]The Lugouqiao incident took place on July 7, 1937. ;芦沟桥事变发生在1937 年7月7日.

[12:36.03]limitation [,limi'tei n] ;n.限制,限度 [常pl.]局限

[12:37.26]I know my limitation, so I won't do the things beyond my ability. ;我知道自己能力有限, 所以我不会做能力范围之 外的事.

[12:41.35]massive['msiv] ;a.大的,大而重的, 大块的;大量的, 大规模的

[12:42.40]The massive Allied invasion of Normandy ;对诺曼底的大规模入侵

[12:44.75]is an action of enormous importance in the history of World War Two. ;在二战史上具有重大意 义.

[12:48.90]Doctors discourage massive doses of painkillers. ;医生不赞成大量服用止 痛片.

[12:52.86]modify['mdifai] ;vt.更改,修改,修饰; 缓和,减轻

[12:54.34]Although it has been greatly modified,the game known in the US. as football ;虽然做了很大的改变,但 所谓的美式足球

[12:58.30]can be traced directly to the English game of rugby. ;仍可以直接追溯到英国的 橄榄球比赛.

[13:01.46]opponent[ 'p un nt] ;n.敌手,对手;反对者

[13:02.88]Lenin spoke so convincingly that even his opponents were won over by his arguments. ;列宁的演讲很有说服力, 甚至连他的对手也被他的 论述争取过来.

[13:07.70]penetrate['penitreit] ;v.透入,渗入,进入; 刺入,刺穿;洞察,了解

[13:08.82]Don't bother to penetrate girls' minds as they are always changing. ;别费心机去洞察女孩的心 思,因为她们总在变.

[13:12.78]precious['pre s] ;a.珍贵的,贵重的

[13:13.95]I believe that good health is the most precious thing for people. ;我认为健康对人来说是最 珍贵的财富.

[13:17.54]priority[prai'riti] ;n.优先,优先权,重点; 优先考虑的事

[13:18.72]To build Guangzhou into an international metropolis, ;为了将广州建成国际化大 都市,

[13:21.69]the highest priority has been given to the problem of heavy traffic ;已经优先考虑交通拥挤的 问题

[13:25.03]by the municipal government. ;市政府

[13:27.13]The top priority for school is to have a higher proportion of students ;学校的首要目标是让更多 的学生

[13:30.72]entering advanced schools. ;进入更高级的学校念书.

[13:32.70]receipt[ri'si:t] ;n.发票,收据 [pl.]收入,进款; 受到,接到

[13:34.00]You had better get a receipt for your expenses. ;你最好对开销索取收据.

[13:36.84]The pop singer got huge cash receipt from his concert. ;那个流行歌星从演唱会中 获得了巨额的现金收入.

[13:41.05]reservation [,rez 'vei n] ;n.(住处,座位等的)预定 保留,犹豫;(美国印第 安部落的)居留地

[13:42.78]We have our reservation about his ability to do the job. ;我们对于他做该项工作的 能力持保留态度.

[13:46.06]If you want to have dinner on Valentine's Day in a Western style restaurant, ;情人节这天,你如果想在 西式餐厅用晚餐

[13:49.71]you'd better make reservation earlier. ;最好早些预定.

[13:52.44]reward[ri'w:d] ;n.报答,奖赏;报酬,酬金 vt.报答,酬谢,奖励

[13:53.67]Although Olympic winners receive no prize money, ;尽管奥运会的获胜者们并 不获得奖金,

[13:56.09]they are,in fact, richly rewarded by their state authorities ;但事实上他们的政府会给 他们优厚的奖赏,

[13:59.06]in the form of money fame and power. ;其形式包括钱、名望和 权力.

[14:01.78]sequence['si:kw ns] ;n.连续,接续,一连串; 次序,顺序

[14:03.51]A computer will always follow the same sequence when solving a problem ;计算机在解决它时总是遵 循同样的次序

[14:07.16]no matter how complicated that problem may be. ;不管问题多么复杂

[14:09.76]The first Olympic Games took place in 776 BC. ;第一次奥运会于公元前 776年举行,

[14:13.64]The exact sequence of events was uncertain, ;比赛的准确次序不详,

[14:16.07]but events included men's gymnastics, boxing,wrestling, horse racing ;只知道包括男子体操、拳 击、摔跤、赛马

[14:20.56]and field events. ;和田径项目.

[14:22.26]slip[slip] ;vi.画倒,滑落;溜走; 下降,跌落 vt.悄悄放进 n.疏漏,差错

[14:23.49]Be careful not to slip on the ice. ;小心别在冰上滑倒.

[14:25.66]The years slipped by. ;岁月在不知不觉中消失.

[14:27.58]Tom slipped the candy into his mouth in class ;在课堂上,汤姆悄悄地把 糖块放进嘴里,但

[14:30.28]but that still couldn't avoid the teacher's eyes. ;那还是逃不过老师的 眼睛.

[14:33.08]suck[sk] ;v.吸,吮,吸取

[14:34.32]Plants suck up moisture from the soil. ;植物从土壤中吸取水分.

[14:36.86]vivid['vivid] ;a.生动的,鲜明的, 鲜艳的;逼真的

[14:37.91]I gave my friends a vivid description of my journey with pictures. ;我用照片生动地向朋友们 描绘了我的旅程.

[14:42.02]Lesson 11 ;

[14:43.91]acute[ 'kju:t] ;a.严重的,激烈的; 敏锐的;(疾病)急性的; 尖的,锐的

[14:45.38]One of the most acute problems in the Yellow River Valley ;黄河流域最紧要的问题 之一

[14:48.68]is an inadequate water supply. ;是缺水.

[14:51.01]The acute renal failurs,or the sudden loss or cessation of kidney function ;急性肾功能失灵,或者叫 做肾功能丧失,

[14:55.68]is a common clinical syndrome that can often be life-threatening. ;是一种常见的临床综合病 症,可能危及生命.

[14:59.91]appliance[ 'plai ns] ;n.器具,器械,装置

[15:01.58]Household electric appliances made in China are becoming more popular. ;中国国产家用电器越来越 受欢迎.

[15:06.08]companion [k m'pni n] ;n.同伴,伴侣,志趣相投 的人

[15:07.53]George Bush's brother is not much of a companion for him. ;乔治.布什的兄弟与他情 趣不甚相投.

[15:10.97]confine[k n'fain] ;vt.限制,使局限; 使不外出,禁闭 n.[pl.]界限,范围

[15:12.36]With cars,many people are now able to enjoy their leisure time ;有了小车,许多人可以享 受闲暇时光

[15:15.92]by making a trip to the countryside or seaside on weekends ;周末时可以到乡下或者海 边尽情享受

[15:19.43]instead of being confined to their immediate neighborhoods. ;而不必局限于在家附近 活动.

[15:22.65]The cure of liver cancer is still outside the confines of human knowledge. ;肝癌的治愈方法仍超出了 人类知识范畴.

[15:27.05]consist[k n'sist] ;vi.(~of)组成,构成; (~in)在于,存在于

[15:28.49]The beauty of the artist's style consists of its simplicity. ;这位艺术家的风格上的美 在于它的简朴.

[15:32.05]The American Congress consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. ;美国国会有参议院和众议 院组成.

[15:36.22]deceive[di'si:v] ;vt./vi.欺骗,蒙蔽

[15:37.22]If you smoke and you still don't believe that ;如果你抽烟,并且仍然不 相信

[15:39.64]there's a definite link between smoking and lung cancer, ;抽烟和肺癌之间有必然 联系,

[15:42.47]then you are certainly deceiving yourself. ;那你肯定是在欺骗自己.

[15:44.73]Sincerity is the base of friendship.Good friends shouldn't deceive each other. ;真诚是友谊的基础.好朋 友之间不应互相欺骗.

[15:49.90]discard[di'ska:d] ;vt.丢弃,抛弃

[15:51.46]Today,one out of five discarded plastic soda bottles is recycled in the United States. ;在今天的美国,5个被丢 弃的塑料汽水瓶中有一个 得到回收利用.

[15:56.74]Outdated theory should be discarded. ;过时的理论应当抛弃.

[15:59.75]drift[drift] ;vi.漂流,漂;漂泊,流荡 n.漂流物,漂流; 趋势,转移;大意,要旨

[16:01.30]Most of the world's volcanoes are found at the boundaries of the great drifting plates ;世界上绝大多数火山都位 于巨大漂流板块的交接 地带

[16:05.42]that make up the earth's surface. ;构成地球表面的.

[16:07.75]The Arctic is an ocean covered with drifting packed ice ;北极是一片海洋,为漂流 的冰块所覆盖,

[16:11.34]and hemmed in by the land masses of Europe, Asia,and North America. ;四周被欧洲,亚洲和北美 洲所包围.

[16:16.04]encourage[in'krid] ;vt.鼓励,激励,怂恿; 赞助,促进,助长

[16:17.65]Nowadays the Chinese government has designed quite a lot of policies ;现在,中国政府已拟订了 许多政策

[16:21.44]to encourage private investment. ;为鼓励私人投资

[16:23.83]Some psychologists believe ;有些心理学家认为,

[16:25.27]that those who are encouraged to be independent in childhood ;那些在童年时期被鼓励 要独立的孩子

[16:28.28]are more likely than others to become motivated to achieve. ;与其他孩子比较起来可能 被激发做一番成就.

[16:31.50]exclaim[iks'kleim] ;v.呼喊,呼叫;大声说

[16:32.61]When the result came out that Beijing won its bid for the 2008 Olympic Games, ;当北京申奥胜出的结果出 现时,

[16:37.01]all the Chinese people exclaimed with excitement. ;所有的中国人都激动地 欢呼起来.

[16:40.34]finance[fai'nns] ;n.财政,金融; [常pl.] 财源,资金, 财务状况

[16:41.51]finance[fai'nns] ;vt.为…提供资金, 为……筹措资金

[16:42.07]The government will finance the building of the new roads with the taxes it collects. ;政府利用它所征得的税收 为修建新路提供资金.

[16:46.46]Finance for the National Health Service comes from taxpayers. ;国家卫生局的资金来自纳 税人的税款.

[16:50.24]Are new taxes needed to increase the nation's finances? ;需要征新税以增加国家的 税人吗?

[16:54.19]gross[gr us] ;a.总的,毛的; 严重的,显著的; 粗俗的,粗野的;臃肿的 vt.获得总收入(或毛利)

[16:55.69]GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. ;GDP 是国内生产总值的 缩写.

[16:58.70]Her manners and language are too gross for a lady. ;她的举止和语言对于女士 来说太粗俗了.

[17:02.42]historical [hi'strik l] ;a.历史(上)的,史学的

[17:04.37]The British constitu- tion is to a large extent a product of the historical events. ;英国宪法在很大程度上是 历史事件的产物.

[17:08.93]The sequence of historical plays by Shakespeare is still the masterpiece ;莎士比亚写的一系列历史 剧仍然是名著

[17:12.88]in today's literature. ;在当今文坛

[17:14.82]indispensable [,indi'spens bl] ;a.(-to,-for)必不可 少的,必需的

[17:16.44]Air and water are indispensable to life. ;空气和水是生命所必需的 东西.

[17:18.88]It is well known ;众所周知,

[17:19.83]that knowledge is the indispensable condition for expansion of the mind. ;知识是发展智力的必备 条件.

[17:24.00]instinct['instikt] ;n.本能,直觉;生性,天性

[17:25.39]Struggling for survival is a human instinct. ;求生是人类的本能.

[17:28.28]interest['intrist] ;n.兴趣,关注,爱好; 利息,利率;[常pl.] 利益,好处,利害关系 vt.使感兴趣,引起…关注

[17:29.50]The interests of the individual ;个人利益

[17:30.95]must be subordinated to the interests of the collective. ;必须服从集体利益.

[17:34.12]monitor['mnit ] ;n.(学校的)班长;监视器 监听器,(计算机)显示器 vt.监听,监视;监制

[17:35.45]Stock-market analysts monitor a great variety of financial indicators. ;股票市场分析家们监视各 种各样的金融指数.

[17:40.18]obey[ (u)'bei] ;v.服从,听从

[17:41.46]The school regulations should be obeyed at all costs. ;无论如何也要遵守学校的 规章制度.

[17:44.57]particular [p 'tikjul ] ;a.特定的,特别的,特殊的 挑剔的,讲究,详尽的 n.[pl.]详情,细目

[17:45.80]I'm not particular about my clothes.I don't mind what I wear. ;我不怎么讲究我的衣着, 不在乎穿什么.

[17:49.75]perform[p 'f:m] ;v.做,履行,完成; 演出,表演

[17:51.08]After they have been elected, ;在当选之后

[17:52.75]many senators can not actually perform what they promised in the election. ;许多参议员实际上不能 履行他们在竞选时许下 诺言.

[17:56.64]Don't perform before me!I want to know the truth. ;别在我面前演戏了.我要 知道事情的真相.

[18:00.26]preliminary [pri'limin ri] ;a.预备的,初步的 n.[常pl.]初步做法, 起始行为

[18:01.70]For a possible major overhaul, ;因为可能要做大规模的 检查,

[18:03.48]the tutor expects a preliminary draft of each paper ;导师要求交一份论文初 步草稿

[18:06.15]two weeks before the final due date. ;在距最后期限前两星期前

[18:08.32]They were very excited because they had passed the preliminary interview with IBM. ;他们很兴奋,因为他们通 过了IBM公司的第一轮 面试.

[18:12.94]protest['pr utest] [pr u'test,pr 'test] ;n.抗议,反对 v.抗议,反对

[18:14.55]Loud protests were heard when the decision was announced ;这决定一宣布,抗议之声 不绝于耳.

[18:18.05]Guests can protest about the bad service of the restaurant to the owner. ;顾客可以向老板投诉饭店 内的低劣服务.

[18:22.50]readily['redili] ;ad.乐意的,欣然地; 容易地;很快地,立即

[18:23.72]A successful businessman should able to readily accommodate ;一个成功的商人应该能很 快地适应

[18:26.89]to the changing economic conditions. ;变化的经济情况.

[18:29.45]relevant['reliv nt] ;a.有关的,切题的

[18:30.73]It's said that a person's fate is relevant to his character. ;据说人的命运与性格 有关.

[18:34.01]About 3 million people die ;每年有300万人死于

[18:35.90]because of the relevant diseases derived from smoking every year. ;抽烟有关的疾病.

[18:39.41]resistance [ri'zist ns] ;n.反抗,抵制;抵抗力, 抵抗性;阻力,电阻

[18:41.24]Researchers discovered that plants infected with a virus give off a gas ;研究人员发现,感染病毒 的植物能够发出一种气体

[18:45.41]that activates disease resistance in neighboring plants. ;这种气体能在临近植物中 激发疾病抗体.

[18:48.92]The environmentalists put up lots of resistance to fur- clothing companies. ;环保认识多次对皮衣公司 提出了抗议.

[18:53.70]rough[rf] ;a.粗糙的,粗暴的;喧闹 的;未加工的;汹涌的

[18:54.37]rough[rf] ;ad.简陋地;粗暴地 vt.(~out)草拟 (~up)用暴力对待,殴打

[18:54.87]The English gentlemen always keep themselves away from the rough quarter of the town. ;英国的绅士们总是不肯接 近城市粗人居住的地区.

[18:59.26]Many people consider boxing a rough sport. ;许多人认为拳击是一项粗 野的运动.

[19:02.54]satisfy['stisfai] ;vt.满足,使...满意; 符合,达到(要求, 标准等)

[19:04.04]A recent survey suggests ;在最近的一次调查中人们 发现,

[19:05.58]that only 24.5% of the Japanese students are fully satisfied with school life, ;只有24.5%的日本学生完 全满意校园生活

[19:10.44]while in the U.S.there are 67.2%. ;而在美国却达67.2%.

[19:14.28]smash[sm] ;vt.粉碎,打烂;猛击; 使破灭,使失败

[19:15.17]smash[sm] ;vi.粉碎;猛撞,猛冲 n.破碎(声);猛击; 轰动的演出

[19:15.72]If you smash an egg on a stone,the egg will definitely smash. ;用鸡蛋去撞石头,鸡蛋肯 定会撞个粉碎.

[19:19.73]strengthen['stren] ;vt.加强,巩固, 勉励,激励

[19:21.23]The cooperation among countries should be strengthened ;国家与国家之间必须加强 合作

[19:24.04]to protect the environment. ;以保护环境.

[19:25.51]subsequent ['sbsikw nt] ;a.随后的,后来的

[19:26.73]Most countries in Europe were in a mess during the ;大部分欧洲国家陷入了 窘境

[19:29.29]period subsequent to World War Two. ;二战后的一段时期中,

[19:32.96]Lesson 12 ;

[19:36.19]address[ 'dres] ;n.地址,住址;演讲, 讲话;

[19:36.74]address[ 'dres] ;vt.(在信封或包裹上) 写姓名地址;向…作 (正式)讲话;称呼

[19:37.36]Leaving email addresses to each other ;互留电子邮箱地址

[19:39.49]is a fashionable way of keeping in contact among young people nowadays. ;是现在年轻人时髦的 保持联络的方式.

[19:43.31]How should I address you? ;我应当怎样称呼您呢?

[19:45.36]assign[ 'sain] ;vt.指派,选派;指定 (时间,地点等);分配; 布置(作业)

[19:46.64]The two governments assigned a day ;两国政府确定了

[19:48.44]for the next summit meeting between President Putin and President Bush. ;下一次普京与布什会晤 的日期.

[19:52.15]The competent secretary was assigned to take the minutes ;这个能干的秘书被选派为

[19:54.76]for the meeting of the board of directors. ;董事会议做记录.

[19:57.10]attribute[ 'tribju:t] ;vt.把...归因于;把(过 错,责任,成功等)归于 n.属性,特性

[19:58.54]Many people's sucess can be attributed to hard work and a bit of luck. ;很多人的成功都可以归于 勤奋加上一点儿运气.

[20:02.49]Stubbornness is considered the attribute of mules. ;顽固被认为是骡的特性.

[20:05.83]compel[k m'pel] ;vt.强迫,迫使

[20:07.22]Because he is unable to distinguish colors, ;因为无法分辨色彩,

[20:09.61]the color-blind boy is compelled to give up the ideal of becoming a fashion designer. ;那个色盲的男孩不得不 放弃成为服装设计师的 理想.

[20:14.28]complaint [k m'pleint] ;n.抱怨,诉苦;投诉, 控告;疾病

[20:15.67]He who makes constant complaints gets little compassion. ;[谚]经常诉苦,少人同情.

[20:18.95]Regarding your difficulty,we have submitted an email to our complaint center. ;关于你们所面临的困难, 我们已经给我们的投诉中 心发了电子邮件.

[20:23.85]confirm[k n'f :m] ;vt.证实,肯定;进一步 确定;确认;批准

[20:25.24]The successfully cloned sheep Dolly confirmed the feasibility of ;绵羊多利的克隆成功证实 了克隆技术的可行性.

[20:28.68]clone technology. ;克隆技术

[20:30.46]consideration [k n,sid 'rei n] ;n.考虑,考虑的事; 体贴,关心

[20:32.19]Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee. ;在选择足球裁判时不应该 把年龄作为首要的考虑 因素.

[20:36.19]Although architecture has artistic qualities, ;尽管建筑具有艺术特性,

[20:39.03]it must also satisfy a number of important practical considerations. ;它也必须考虑许多实用 因素.

[20:43.14]constitute ['knstitju:t] ;vt.组成,构成,形成; 设立,建立,任命

[20:44.70]The employees is the Japanese company asked their boss ;这家日本公司的员工问他 们的老板,

[20:47.56]if refusal to work on rest days constitutes a violation of contract. ;拒绝加班是否构成违反 合约.

[20:52.38]Women,who constitute 52 per cent of Italy's population, ;妇女占意大利人口的52%

[20:56.43]today represent only 35 percent of Italy's total workforce. ;却只占劳动队伍的35%.

[21:00.55]convey[k n'vei] ;vt.表达,传达,传递; 运送,输送

[21:01.94]Air is the medium by which sound waves are conveyed. ;空气是声波传导的媒介.

[21:05.28]What information the codes in the great Pyramid convey is still unknown. ;大金字塔中的密码到底传 递了什么信息仍然不为 人知.

[21:10.28]crush[kr] ;vt.压碎,蔫碎;弄皱; 压垮

[21:11.67]Wine is made by crushing grapes. ;葡萄酒是压榨葡萄制成 的.

[21:14.01]Time would crush all pains. ;时间会粉碎所有的痛苦.

[21:16.68]decent ['di:s nt] ;a.象样的,体面的;宽厚 的,大方的;正派的,合 乎礼仪的,得体的

[21:18.35]Ragged jeans are not very decent to wear to a ball. ;穿着破旧的牛仔裤在舞会 上显得不太得体.

[21:21.33]Most university graduates consider white-collared positi- on as decent jobs. ;绝大多数大学毕业生 都认为白领职位是体面 的工作.

[21:26.35]deliberate [di'lib rit] [di'lib reit] ;a.故意的,含蓄的; 慎重的,深思熟虑的 v.仔细考虑,思考

[21:27.69]I won't forgive you because of your deliberate lies. ;我不会原谅你,因为你存 心说谎.

[21:30.69]Xie Jun checkmated the rival after the final deliberate consideration. ;经过最后的深思熟虑, 谢军将死于对手.

[21:35.70]The Supreme Court of the U.S.A. ;美国最高法院研究

[21:38.12]deliberate whether the ballots of Florida should be re-counted. ;是否重新统计佛罗里达 州的选票.

[21:41.59]dominate['dmineit] ;vi.处于支配地位,拥有 优势

[21:42.48]dominate['dmineit] ;vt.在...中占首要地位; 支配,统治,控制;耸立 于,俯视

[21:43.04]Although racial discrimination is not allowed, ;虽然种族歧视是不允许 的,

[21:45.54]Europe and America are still a white-dominated society. ;但欧洲和美国仍是白 人统治的社会.

[21:48.93]duty['dju:ti] ;n.责任,义务;职责, 职务;税,关税

[21:49.99]I'll have to go,I'm afraid--duty calls. ;看来我得走了-公务在身.

[21:52.88]elegant['elig nt] ;a.优美的,文雅的,讲 究的;简练的,简洁的

[21:54.22]Princess Diana's elegant manners are always within people's memory. ;戴安娜王妃优雅的举止总 是留在人们的记忆中.

[21:58.11]enlarge[in'la:d] ;v.扩大,扩展,扩充; 放大

[21:59.50]Many newly-weds like to enlarge their wedding photo and hang it on the wall. ;很多新婚夫妇喜欢把结婚 照放大了挂在墙上.

[22:03.39]In the course of English learning, ;在英语学习中,

[22:05.17]doing more reading can help to enlarge one's vocabulary. ;多阅读有助于扩大词汇 量.

[22:08.45]exceed[ik'si:d] ;vt.超过,越出 vi.(数量,程度)超过 其他

[22:09.90]Exceeding the speed limit in the urban area would be fined. ;在市区内超速驾车会被 罚款.

[22:13.51]The performance of the Chinese Youth Football Team exceeded our expectations. ;中国青年足球队的表现比 我们预料的好.

[22:18.13]explit[ik'split] ;vt.开拓,开发,开采;剥削 n.[常pl.]功绩,功勋, 业绩,英勇的行为

[22:19.41]The Japanese employment system probably exploits women more extensively ;日本的就业制度使妇女在 更广泛的范围内受到剥削

[22:23.24]than is the case in any other industrialized country. ;与其他工业化国家相比.

[22:26.08]The social freshmen should exploit every opportunity to enrich their experiences. ;刚踏入社会的人必须利用 每一个机会积累经验.

[22:30.92]fire['fai ] ;n.火;火灾,失火;射击, 火力;热情,激情

[22:31.75]fire['fai ] ;vt.放(枪,炮等)射出(子 弹等);解雇,开除;激动 vi.开火,开枪

[22:32.20]The success in the Olympic bid has fired the Chinese people with great enthusiasm. ;申奥成功激起了中国人巨 大的热情.

[22:37.04]During the oral defen- se of your thesis,tut- ors and experts will fire questions at you. ;在论文答辩过程中,导师 和专家们会向你一连串的 发问.

[22:42.43]The soldier showed perfect discipline under fire. ;在炮火下,士兵们纪律 严明.

[22:45.82]fraction ['frk n] ;n.小部分,片断;分数

[22:47.05]Many young people today begin to use their future money ;今天有许多年轻人开始花 起他们的未来钱

[22:49.70]instead of a fraction of their earnings. ;而不是只花自己 收入的一小部分.

[22:52.00]harness['ha:nis] ;n.[常sing.]马具,挽具 vt.治理,利用;给(马等) 上挽具

[22:53.00]The farmer harnessed the horse to the cart. ;农夫把马套在马车上.

[22:55.67]Some scientists are working hard at how tide can be harnessed to produce electricity ;科学家正在努力研究怎样 利用潮汐发电.

[23:01.23]initial[i'ni l] ;a.开始的,最初的 n.[常pl.](姓名等的) 首字母

[23:02.78]We have to admit that man's research into space is still in the initial stage. ;我们不得不承认人类对宇 宙的研究仍然处于初始 阶段.

[23:07.07]If your family name is Chen, ;如果你姓陈,

[23:08.90]you had better not choose an English name beginning with the letter W ;你最好不要选一个以字母 W开头的英文名

[23:11.90](for example,Winnie), otherwise your initials will be:W.C! ;(例如Winnie),否则的 姓名首字母就是(厕所) 了!

[23:15.80]locate[l u'keit] ;vt.探明,找出;把……设 置在,使坐落于

[23:17.30]Li Siguang located the oil field,which proves that China is not a lean-oil country. ;李四光探明了油田的位置 证明了中国不是贫油国.

[23:22.53]Most natural ports are located where the shoreline is irregular and the water is deep. ;绝大部分的天然港口都位 于海岸线不规则而又水深 的地方.

[23:27.70]objective [ b'dktiv] ;n.目标,目的 a.客观的,不带偏见的

[23:28.92]Now,my sole objective of memorizing English words well ;现在我牢记英语单词的唯 一目的

[23:32.59]is to get good marks in the College English Test Band 4. ;就是在大学英语的四级 考试中取得好成绩.

[23:35.93]If we could have objective judgement on people, ;如果我们能对人做客观的 评价,

[23:38.32]there would be less misunderstandings among people. ;彼此之间就会少些误会.

[23:41.04]pattern['pt n] ;n.型,模式,样式; 花样,图案 vt.仿制,使照…的样式

[23:42.27]It seems that the pattern of white and black squares is always the fashion. ;黑白格子的花纹图案好像 永远都不会过时.

[23:46.33]Paper patterns for dresses are now available for you ;裁衣服的纸型已有出售,

[23:49.44]to pattern dresses on different models. ;你可以按照不同的样式裁 制衣服.

[23:52.00]performer[p 'f:m ] ;n.表演者,执行者,演奏者

[23:53.50]Most of the great violin performers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries ;19世纪晚期和20世纪初 的绝大部分伟大的小提琴 演奏家

[23:57.95]were born and brought up in Russian and Eastern Europe,and they were all Jews. ;都生于长于俄国和东欧, 而且全是犹太人.

[24:02.51]preserve[[pri'z :v] ;vt.维持;保存, 保藏;腌制

[24:03.96]It's not that easy to preserve places of historic interest. ;保护古迹并不那么容易,?

[24:07.18]It takes money and technique. ;需要资金和技术.

[24:09.24]You can preserve meat or fish in salt,but I prefer fresh meat to preserved meat. ;你可以用盐保存肉或鱼, 但我喜欢新鲜肉胜过腌制 的肉.

[24:14.52]profession [pr 'fe n] ;n.职业,自由职业; (the-)同业,同行

[24:15.91]Teaching is a respectable profession. ;教师是令人尊敬的职业.

[24:18.36]It is rather difficult to win acclaim from the professions. ;要赢得同行的好评是相当 困难的.

[24:21.81]push[pu] ;vt.推,按;推动,推进; 催逼,逼迫 vi.推,推进 n.推,推力;促进,推进

[24:23.03]One has to push the child or he/she will do no work at all. ;孩子要有人督促,否则 他什么也不干.

[24:23.03]resign[ri'zain] ;vi.辞职 vt.辞去,放弃; (-to)使顺从; n.辞去(职务)

[24:28.15]I resigned because of the low salary. ;因为工资太低,我辞 职了.

[24:30.65]Would you please resign yourself to waiting a bit longer? ;你能耐心多等一会儿吗?

[24:33.60]My boss is coming back soon. ;我的老板很快就会回来.

[24:36.43]Lesson 13 ;

[24:39.49]admit[ d'mit] ;vt.承认,供认; 准许...进入(加入)

[24:41.05]"A child is a good one as long as he admits and corrects his mistakes." ;“勇于承认并改正错误的 就是好孩子”

[24:45.72]This ticket admits one person only. ;此票只准一人入场.

[24:48.67]assistance[ 'sist ns] ;n.帮助,援助

[24:50.17]Can I be of any assistance to you? ;我能帮你什么忙吗?

[24:52.51]To paddle one's own canoe ;独立自主

[24:54.51]doesn't necessarily mean denying any external assistance. ;并不一定意味着要拒绝一 切外来援助.

[24:58.79]behavior[bi'heivj ] ;n.行为,举止,表现; (机器等的)运转情况, (事物)作出反应

[25:00.40]Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, ;人类的行为通常是后天学 习的产物,

[25:03.02]whereas the behavior of an animal depends mainly on instinct. ;而动物的行为则主要取决 于本能.

[25:06.74]competitive [k m'petitiv] ;a.竞争的,比赛的;好竞 争的,求胜心切的;(价 格等)有竞争力的

[25:08.02]Our offer is competitive and we cannot lower the price any more. ;我方的报价是有竞争力 的,我方不能在降价了.

[25:11.86]comprehension [,kmpri'hen n] ;n.理解(力),理解力 测验

[25:13.81]A large vocabulary will help a lot when doing the reading comprehension. ;在做阅读理解的时候丰富 的单词量很有用.

[25:18.03]Doing some background reading in encyclopedias ;阅读百科全书中一些背景 资料

[25:21.09]is one way to improve your reading comprehension in English. ;是提高英语阅读理解 能力的一个方法.

[25:25.04]conservation ['kns 'vei n] ;n.保存,(对大自然资源 的)保护,避免浪费

[25:26.65]There is a need for conservation of trees or there will soon be no forests. ;有必要保护树木,否则不 久将会没有森林了.

[25:31.49]Conservation of water is of great important in the cities such as Beijing and Tianjin. ;像北京和天津这样的城市 实行控制用水非常重要.

[25:36.66]courage['krid] ;n.勇气,胆量

[25:38.00]Only those who understand that life means contribution ;只有懂得生活意味着奉献 的人

[25:40.66]will be able to meet their difficulties with courage. ;才有勇气面对困难.

[25:43.34]Do you have the courage to go bungee jumping? ;你有胆量玩蹦极跳吗?

[25:46.17]current['kr nt] ;a.现时的,当前的; 流行的,流传的

[25:46.78]current['kr nt] ;n.(空气,水等)流,潮流; 电流;趋势,倾向

[25:47.12]A scientist should always be able to stay current in his field of studies. ;科学家应能始终跟上他研 究领域的新发展.

[25:50.95]Newspapers influence the current of thought. ;报纸影响思想潮流.

[25:53.62]descend[di'send] ;vi.下来,下降 (~from)起源(于), 是...的后裔(~on)袭击

[25:54.46]descend[di'send] ;vt.走下,爬下

[25:54.85]The sun descended behind the hills. ;太阳下了山.

[25:56.90]Buddhism descended from ancient India. ;佛教起源于古印度.

[25:59.91]digest ['daidest,di'dest] ;vt.消化;吸收,领悟 n.文摘

[26:03.13]Spoon-feeding the students doesn't help them digest what they have been taught. ;用填鸭式的教育方式教学 生无助于学生消化.

[26:06.91]The Reader's Digest is a popular magazine in the United States. ;《读者文摘》是美国的一 本颇流行的杂志.

[26:11.25]drive[draiv] ;vt.驾驶,开动,有车送 把(钉,桩等)打入; 驱,赶;迫使,驱使

[26:12.25]drive[draiv] ;vi.驾驶,驾车 n.驾驶;车行道,路; 干劲,积极性

[26:12.81]Drive carefully,the roads are wet and slippery. ;路上又湿又滑,开车要 当心.

[26:15.64]A man driven by jealousy is capable of anything. ;嫉妒心可使人什么都做得 出来.

[26:18.98]entertainment [,ent 'teinm nt] ;n.娱乐;文娱节目,表 演会;招待,款待,请客

[26:20.32]Some people say that Steven Chow's movies cannot be regarded as mere entertainment, ;有人说周星驰的电影不能 简单地看成是供娱乐消遣 的,

[26:24.27]but that they tell the audience much more. ;而实际上它给观众展 示更深刻的内容.

[26:26.60]"Thank you very much for your entertainment!" "And thank you for coming!" ;“谢谢你的款待!” “谢谢光临!”

[26:30.83]examination [ig,ami'mei n] ;n.考试,考察;试题; 检查,调查

[26:32.27]I failed to watch the World Cup final because it clashed with my examination. ;我没能看成世界杯(足 球)总决赛,因为和我的 考试日期冲突了.

[26:36.28]You must make a critical examination of your bad behavior. ;你必须认真检讨你的不良 行为.

[26:39.84]flexible['fleksib l] ;a.易弯曲的,柔韧的; 灵活的,可变通的

[26:41.45]As we don't know what the weather will be like,we make flexible plans for our holiday. ;因为不知道天气状况如 何,我们为假期做了灵活 的计划.

[26:46.01]In the past,making structures quake- resistant meant firm yet flexible materials ;在过去,建造防震建筑物 意味着用坚固而有弹性的 材料,

[26:50.90]such as steel and wood,that bend without breaking. ;如钢材和木材,它 们在弯曲时不会折断.

[26:54.29]inspire[in'spai ] ;vt.鼓舞,激起; 给……以灵感

[26:55.68]The remarkable life on the Galopagos Islands ;加罗帕格斯岛上不同的生 命现象

[26:58.36]inspired Charles Darwin to establish his theory of evolution. ;激发了查尔斯.达尔文的 灵感,使他创立了物种 起源的理论.

[27:02.14]prescribe[pri'skraib] ;vt.开(药方), 吩咐采用(某种疗法)

[27:03.86]A holiday is the best cure prescribed for the depression. ;度假是开给抑郁症病人的 最好药方.

[27:07.25]Doctors usually prescribe radiotherapy for cancer patients. ;医生通常对癌症病人采用 放射治疗.

[27:11.20]presumably [pri'zju:m bli] ;ad.大概,可能,据推测

[27:12.70]The personnel manager should have arrived. ;人事经理早该到了,

[27:15.04]Presumably the bad weather delayed the flight. ;大概恶劣的天气使飞机 误点了.

[27:17.71]Napoleon is presumably the greatest militarist of modern times. ;拿破仑也许是现代最伟大 的军事家.

[27:22.55]primitive['primitiv] ;a.原始的,早期的; 简单的,粗糙的 n.原(始)人,原始事物

[27:23.77]The Eskimos live in the Arctic coastal regions of North America ;爱斯基摩人居住在北美地 区的北冰洋海岸

[27:27.11]and parts of Greenland and northeast Siberia and are considered a primitive tribe. ;与格陵兰岛地区以及西伯 利亚的东北地区,他们被 看作是一个原始的部族.

[27:31.72]Small seashells were once used as a primitive kind of money. ;小贝壳曾经被当作简单的 纸币使用.

[27:35.78]prompt[prmpt] ;vt.促使,推动;提示 a.敏捷的,及时的,迅速的 n.题词,提示

[27:36.84]The poor boy confessed that it was hunger that prompted him to steal the bread. ;可怜的男孩承认他偷面包 是因为他太饿了.

[27:40.45]Being prompt to obey commands is soldiers' bounden duty. ;立即服从命令是军人的 天职.

[27:45.40]receive[ri'si:v] ;vt.收到,接到;受到, 遭受;接待,接见,欢迎

[27:46.90]Teenage writer Han Han's novels received great acclaim. ;少年作家韩寒的小说备受 好评.

[27:50.46]Many primary schools today have courses for their pupils ;如今很多小学有课程让小 学生

[27:53.58]to receive instructions in the basic use of computers. ;学到电脑使用的基本 知识.

[27:56.75]reputation [,repju'tei n] ;n.名气,名声,声誉

[27:58.19]Some people take good reputation more important than life. ;有的人把好名声看得比生 命还重要.

[28:01.42]My grandpa may be a man of reputation,but he is definitely a man of honor. ;我的祖父也许是个默默无 闻的人,但他绝对是个正 直的人.

[28:01.42]resort[ri'z:t] ;vi.(~to)求助,诉诸

[28:06.98]resort[ri'z:t] ;n.求助(或凭借)的对象 采用的手段(或方法); 常去之地,胜地

[28:07.48]Merely resorting to force couldn't resolve the conflicts in the Middle East. ;单靠诉诸武力解决不了中 东的争端.

[28:11.48]Chengde is a famous summer resort. ;承德是著名的避暑胜地,

[28:14.15]The Emperors in Qing Dynasty especially liked to go there. ;清朝的皇帝就特别喜欢去 那儿.

[28:17.21]revenue['rev nju:] ;n.(尤指大宗的)收入, 收益;(政府的)税收, 岁入

[28:18.38]State universities in the U.S. get most of their revenue from taxes. ;在美国的州立大学大部分 收入靠税款.

[28:22.27]In tax revenue alone, the government of Britain collects enough from smokers ;仅财政税一项,英国政府 从烟民那里收到的钱

[28:26.78]to pay for its entire educational facilities. ;就足以支付全部教育设施 开支.

[28:29.84]routine[ru:'ti:n] ;n.例行公事,惯例, 惯常的程序; 例行的,常规的

[28:31.00]Each of us is continually making these blueprints ;我们每个人都在日常生活

[28:33.73]in the general routine of everyday living. ;的平凡的历程中不断制作 这样的蓝图.

[28:36.12]Mother found it difficult to eatablish a new routine after retirement. ;母亲退休后觉得很难建立 起来新的生活秩序.

[28:40.46]ruin['ruin] ;vt.(使)毁灭,(使)毁坏; (使)破产毁灭,使毁坏

[28:41.18]ruin['ruin] ;[pl.]废墟,遗迹

[28:41.68]In Britain,a collision with the Parliament could ruin the government's plans. ;在英国,政府与议会的冲 突可能使政府的计划破产

[28:45.63]The famous Brazil soccer star ruined his future when he became a drug addict. ;那位著名的巴西球星变成 了瘾君子,毁掉了自己的 前程.

[28:50.19]solemn['sl m] ;a.严肃的,庄严的, 隆重的

[28:51.36]The hoist of our national flag every day in the Tian'anmen Square ;每天在天安门广场升国旗

[28:54.51]is a solemn ceremony. ;是个庄严的仪式.

[28:56.08]sorrow['sr u] ;n.悲哀,悲痛;伤心的事, 不幸的事

[28:57.25]You can't conceal your sorrow,because your eyes tell us everything. ;你隐藏不了悲伤,因为你 的眼睛已告诉了我一切.

[29:00.98]When Chairman Mao died,the whole nation plunged into deep sorrow. ;当毛主席逝世时,全国人 民陷入了深深的悲痛之中

[29:05.15]steer[sti ] ;vt. 驾驶,为 操舵;引导 vi.驾驶

[29:06.37]The close-door policy couldn't steer a country to prosperity. ;闭关自守的政策不能引导 国家走向繁荣.

[29:10.27]How does your car steer?Does it corner well? ;你的车开起来怎么样? 转弯灵活吗?

[29:13.77]supplement ['splim nt] ;n.增补物,补充物; 增刊,副刊 vt.增补,补充

[29:15.05]Some teachers supplement their ordinary income by writing books. ;有些老师著书以增加日常 收入.

[29:18.77]The 21st Century is the supplement of China Daily. ;《21世纪英文报》是 《中国日报》的副刊.

[29:22.28]thoughtful[':tful] ;a.沉思的,思考的; 体贴的,关心的

[29:23.61]Why do you always have thoughtful looks? ;你为什么总是带着沉思的 表情?

[29:25.65]You are lucky to have such a thoughtful wife. ;有个这么体贴的妻子,你 真幸运.

[29:28.77]It's very thoughtful of you. ;你真够细心体贴的.

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