淘金式巧攻大学英语词汇六级:CET6_3B

发表时间:2018-03-21内容来源:VOA英语学习网
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[00:00.10]Lesson 37 ;第三十七课

[00:01.99]activate ['ktiveit] ;vt.使活动起来, 使开始起作用

[00:03.19]The cardiac pacemaker is used to activate the heartbeat ;心脏起博器是用来激活 心脏跳动的,

[00:05.86]when the patient is suffering from a serious shock. ;在病人严重休克时.

[00:08.63]adjacent [ 'deis nt] ;a.临近的,毗连的

[00:10.03]Guangdong Province is adjacent to Hunan Province. ;广东省与湖南省交界.

[00:13.48]automation [?t 'mei n] ;n.自动化(技术), 自动操作

[00:14.93]Automation means the methods and machines that make industry mo- re and more automatic, ;自动化指的是使工业生 产日益自动化的方法或 机器,

[00:19.29]esp. by means of electronic controls. ;尤指通过电子控制.

[00:22.30]batch[bt] ;n.一批,一组,一群; 一批生产量

[00:23.38]Every year migratory birds fly to Kunming in batches to survive the winter. ;每年有成批的候鸟飞到 昆明来越冬.

[00:28.94]casualty['ku lti] ;n.伤亡人员,死伤者; 受害者

[00:30.35]In Iran-Iraq war,both sides incurred heavy casualties. ;在两伊战争中,双方均 遭受惨重伤亡.

[00:33.95]catastrophe [k 'tstr fi] ;n.大灾难,灾祸

[00:35.18]The Tangshan earthquake in 1975 was a catastrophe. ;1975 年的唐山大地震 是一场灾难.

[00:38.95]cavity['kviti] ;n.洞,穴,龋洞

[00:40.24]There is a cavity in one of my teeth;it makes me terribly painful. ;我有颗牙齿上有个洞, 疼死我了.

[00:44.13]census['sens s] ;n.人口普查,统计

[00:45.25]In March 2001 the Chinese government announced the result of the fifth census. ;2001 年3月中国政府公 布了第五次人口普查的 结果.

[00:50.09]coverage['kv rid] ;n.覆盖范围;新闻报道

[00:51.09]CCTV has an overall coverage of 90% of the mainland area ;中央电视台已覆盖大陆 90%

[00:55.30]by means of satellite telecommunication. ;通过通讯卫星.

[00:57.47]deficiency [di'fi nsi] ;n.缺乏,不足; 缺点,缺陷

[00:58.50]In spite of mental deficiency,Zhouzhou can conduct a large orchestra. ;尽管弱智,但洲洲却能够 指挥大型管弦乐队.

[01:02.39]It's really a miracle. ;这真是个奇迹.

[01:04.21]deficit['defisit] ;n.赤字,亏空,亏损

[01:05.50]The financial deficit of the USA is now even more serious than Japan. ;美国现在的政府赤字比 日本要严重得多.

[01:10.01]eccentric[ik'sentrik] ;a.古怪的,怪僻的;离心的 n.古怪的人,怪僻的人

[01:11.09]I'm afraid I cannot learn to speak Italian ;我想我一辈子也学 不会意大利语,

[01:13.07]because I cannot pronounce the eccentri -c trill sound no matter how hard I try. ;因为我怎么也发不出那古 怪的颤音,

[01:17.51]Mars,Venus and the other planets move in eccentric orbits. ;火星、金星及其他行星沿 不正圆的轨道运行.

[01:21.39]eclipse[i'klips] ;v.(月,日)食,遮掩 (天体的)光;使失色 n.(月,日)食;(地位,名 誉的)消失,黯然失色

[01:22.55]A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the moon. ;当月球从地球和太阳之间 穿过时就会发生日食.

[01:26.37]Many actors go into eclipse after death. ;许多演员死后声名衰退.

[01:29.30]fascinate['fsineit] ;vt.强烈地吸引,迷住

[01:30.62]The changing vivid colors of the sunset fascinated the eye. ;日落时变化多端的色彩使 人看得入迷.

[01:33.86]It is a universal social problem ;这已成为一个普遍 的社会问题.

[01:35.79]that many teenagers are fascinated with video-games. ;许多青少年沉醉于电子 游戏,

[01:38.41]gasp[gsp] ;n.喘息,喘气 vi.喘息,喘气 vt.喘着气说出(或发出)

[01:39.15]An asthmatic patient coughs so much that he keeps gasping for breath. ;哮喘病人咳嗽得很厉害, 以至于不停地喘气.

[01:42.88]hail[heil] ;n.冰雹;欢呼,呼喊 vt.以欢呼迎接

[01:43.75]In summer hail sometimes falls and damages the crops. ;夏天有时下冰雹,使农作 物受到损害.

[01:46.74]The crowd hailed the actress with joy. ;人群高兴地向那位女演 员欢呼.

[01:49.09]ideology [aidi'l di] ;n.思想(体系), 思想意识

[01:50.47]As modern university students,we should be opposed to the feudal ideology. ;作为当代大学生,我们应 该反对封建思想.

[01:55.38]kit[kit] ;vt.装备 n.成套工具(或用品); 成套元件

[01:56.34]A fighter plane carries a kit of lifesaving appliance ;歼击机飞行员带有整套 的救生设备.

[01:59.40]when he bails out the fighter plane. ;歼击机飞行员跳伞时

[02:01.36]latent['leit nt] ;a.潜在的,不易察觉的

[02:02.34]The evils latent in the most promising contrivances are prov- ided for as they arise ;最有希望的发明当它们问 世时就带着潜在的邪恶.

[02:07.73]magnitude['mgnitju:d] ;n.重要性,重大;巨大, 广大;大小,最值

[02:09.14]It is an affair of the first magnitude for government of various levels ;是各级政府的头等大事

[02:12.57]to strictly carry out the policy of family planning. ;严格执行计划生育政策.

[02:15.52]The magnitude of traffic flow of Guangzhou is greatly increasing these years ;广州的车流量这几年猛增

[02:20.11]obscene[ b'si:n] ;a.淫秽的,下流的; 可恶的,可憎的

[02:21.77]The editors of the film,Women in Pavilion ;电影《庭院里的女人》的 编剧

[02:24.17]cut several scenes containing obscene language. ;删除了几个含有淫秽 语言的场景.

[02:26.94]peel[pi:l] ;vt.剥皮,剥壳; vi.剥落,脱皮; n.(水果等)皮,外皮

[02:27.69]It is said that the apple peel contains a lot of vitamins. ;据说苹果皮富含维生素.

[02:30.67]Some people like to peel the apple before eating ;有的人吃苹果喜欢剥皮.

[02:33.08]for fearing the harm of the farm chemical and antiseptic to their health. ;有的人担心农药和 防腐剂对身体有害,

[02:37.20]pendulum ['pendul m] ;n.钟摆; 摇摆不定的事态 或局面.

[02:38.50]The pendulum of the Big Ben above the British Parliament House ;英国国会大厦上的大本钟 的钟摆

[02:41.52]has to be cleaned every year. ;得每年清洗.

[02:43.38]qualify['kwlifai] ;v.(使)胜任, (使)具有资格, (使)合格

[02:44.45]Youngsters are qualified to vote when they are 18 years old. ;年轻人18岁时就有资格 投票.

[02:47.47]Do you qualify for the vote? ;你有投票资格吗?

[02:49.43]rating['reiti] ;n.等级,评定结果; 收视率,收听率

[02:50.41]The CRItic's rating of the film A Beautiful Mind is high. ;评论家们对电影《美丽 心灵》的评价很高.

[02:53.43]recipient [ri'sipi nt] ;a.接受者,收听者

[02:54.59]The postman spent almost a whole day looking for the recipi -ent of the letter, ;邮递员几乎花了整整一天 时间寻找该信的收信人,

[02:58.15]but up till now he has not found him yet. ;但到现在还没有找到他.

[03:01.19]saturate['st reit] ;vt.使浸透,湿透; 使充满,使饱和

[03:02.47]It is estimated that TV sets and fridges have been saturated in the China market. ;据估计中国市场上的电 视机和冰箱已经饱和.

[03:06.86]scent[sent] ;n.香味,气味;踪迹;香水 vt.嗅到,察觉

[03:07.84]Scents of lavender and rosemary can relieve tension. ;熏衣草和迷迭香的香味 可以减缓精神紧张.

[03:10.67]segregate['segrigeit] ;vt.使隔离,使分开

[03:11.75]Some societies still segregate men and women. ;有的社会仍然将男女 隔离.

[03:14.56]suite[swi:t] ;n.(旅馆的)套间; 一套家具

[03:15.51]The former American president Ronald Reagan ;美国前总统里根

[03:17.86]stayed in the president suite of the Guangzhou White Swan Hotel for 2 nights ;曾在广州白天鹅宾馆的 总统套间里住过两个晚 上

[03:21.64]when he visited China. ;访问中国期间.

[03:23.17]terrain[t 'rein] ;n.地形,地势

[03:24.09]Nearly 90% of the area of Guizhou Province is mountain terrain. ;贵州省近90%的地区是山 行地形.

[03:27.77]undermine [d 'main] ;vt.暗中破坏,削弱; 侵蚀…的基础

[03:29.01]Smoking and overdrinking undermines our health. ;抽烟和过度喝酒有损 健康.

[03:31.54]vegetation [vedi'tei( )n] ;n.植物,草木

[03:32.77]Much of the northweatern vegetation has been damaged by overgrazing ;西北地区大多数天然植被 已被过度放牧破坏.

[03:37.79]Lesson 38 ;第三十八课

[03:40.27]adolescent [d 'les nt] ;n.青少年 a.青春期的,青少年的

[03:41.59]It is reported that over 40% of the adolescents are smokers in China. ;据报道,中国有40%的 青少年吸烟.

[03:45.70]Parents should pay special attention to the psychological development ;父母要特别注意其 心理成长

[03:48.79]of their children when they are in adolescent period. ;在孩子青春期时.

[03:51.77]aerial[' ri l] ;n.天线 a.飞机的,航空的,由飞机 进行的;空中的,架空的

[03:53.06]An aerial cableway is set up across the Yellow River. ;一条架空索道横跨于 黄河之上.

[03:56.13]bias['bai s] ;n.偏见,偏袒,偏心 vt.使有偏见

[03:57.16]His experiences bias him against businessman. ;他的经历使他对商人 抱有偏见.

[04:00.27]bizarre[bi'za:] ;a.奇形怪状的,怪诞的

[04:01.26]The frost made bizarre patterns on the windowpane. ;霜冻在玻璃窗上形成了 奇形怪状的图案.

[04:04.03]certainty['s :t nti] ;n.必然的事, 确定的事实; 确实,确信

[04:05.19]I can say with certainty that he is right. ;我可以肯定地说他是 对的.

[04:07.59]chord[k:d] ;n.和弦,和音;弦,心弦

[04:08.56]The little boy touched the right chord and I gave him ten dollars. ;小男孩触动了我的心弦, 于是给了他10美元.

[04:11.69]clamp[klmp] ;vt.(用夹具等)夹紧, 夹住,固定 n.夹头,夹具,夹钳

[04:12.56]The Columbian police are going to clamp down on CRIminal activity in this area. ;哥伦比亚警方打算严厉打 击这个地区的犯罪活动.

[04:16.45]definitive[di'finitiv] ;a.最可靠的,权威性的; 决定性的

[04:17.79]Professor Li Siguang made a definitive speech on the formation of rocks ;李四光教授对岩石的 形成作了权威的发言

[04:21.56]at the seminar held in Paris. ;在巴黎举办的研讨会上

[04:23.79]depict[di'pikt] ;vt.描绘,描述

[04:24.95]Hemingway depicts the horrors of war in his works. ;海明威在他的作品中描述 了战争的恐怖.

[04:28.05]eject[i'dekt] ;vt.驱逐,逐出;喷射, 排出,弹出

[04:29.34]Vesevius ejected a lot of lava and ashes when it erupted last year. ;维苏威火山去年喷发时, 喷射出大量的熔岩和火 山灰.

[04:33.77]elapse[i'lps] ;vi.(时间)消逝,过去

[04:34.97]Two years have elapsed since I entered the university. ;我进大学读书到现在, 亿过去两年了.

[04:38.08]elite[ei'li:t,i'li:t] ;n.(总称)上层人士,掌权 人物,实力集团;(总称) 出类拔萃的人(或集团)

[04:39.15]The Oxford University and Cambridge Uninersity have ;牛津大学和剑桥大学

[04:41.88]educated the political and scientific elited for the British society. ;为英国社会培养了政治和 科学方面的精英.

[04:46.61]feast[fi:st] ;n.盛宴,筵席;节日 vi.(~on)尽情地吃, 宴饮

[04:47.97]On April 11, ;4月11日,

[04:49.04]the former NBA star Rodman invited over 1500 people to his birthday feast. ;前NBA球星罗 得曼邀请了1500多人参 加他的生日盛宴.

[04:54.34]feat[fi:t] ;n.伟绩,伟业,技艺

[04:55.22]Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is a marvelous engineering feat. ;南京长江大桥是了不起 的工程伟绩.

[04:59.24]genetic[di'netik] ;a.遗传学的 n.[pl.]遗传学

[05:00.27]More and moere doctors believe that cancer is a genetic disease. ;越来越多的医生认为癌症 是遗传病.

[05:03.46]hierarchy['hai ra:ki] ;n.等级制度;统治集团, 领导层

[05:04.69]The Supreme Court is the head of a hierarchy of federal courts. ;最高法院是联邦法院等级 系统中的最高机构.

[05:08.39]imitation [mi'tei n] ;n.模仿;仿制,仿制品; 赝品

[05:09.63]An artist who can only give imitation of others' styles will not achieve acclaim. ;一个只会模仿他人风格的 艺术家是不会获得人们称 赞的.

[05:14.22]impair[im'p ] ;vt.损害,损伤,削弱

[05:15.34]Over 200,000 babies are born in the U.S. each year ;每年美国出生的婴儿超过 20万人

[05:18.06]with deformed bodies and impaired minds because of defective genes. ;由于基因有缺陷,有畸形 躯体和心灵损伤.

[05:21.96]impetus['impit s] ;n.推动,促进,刺激; 推动力

[05:23.17]The reform and open policy is the primary impetus behind China's economic recovery. ;改革开放政策是促进中国 经济恢复的主要推动力.

[05:28.37]layman['leim n] ;n.门外汉,外行

[05:29.59]Doctors sometimes confuse laymen with their jargon. ;医生有的用专门术语把外 行人弄得稀里糊涂,

[05:32.36]maneuver [m 'nu:v ] ;n.谨慎而熟练的动作,策 略;[pl.]演习 vt.使设法变动位置,操纵 vi.设法变动位置,用策略

[05:33.47]I maneuvered myself out of an embarrassing position. ;我小施策略,使自己 摆脱困境.

[05:36.63]manusCRIpt ['mnjuskript] ;n.手稿,原稿,底稿; 手写本

[05:37.86]Now in China,most writers,especially the young ones, ;现在中国大多数的作家, 尤其是年轻作家

[05:40.97]can use computers to write their manuscripts. ;都能用电脑来写搞了.

[05:44.04]necessitate [ni'sesiteit] ;vt.使成为必要,需要

[05:45.36]The increase in population necessitates a greater food supply. ;人口的增加需要更多的 事物供应.

[05:48.91]offset['fset] ;vt.补偿,抵消

[05:49.95]He has to offset his small salary by living economically. ;他以节俭的生活来抵消 其低微的收入.

[05:53.34]perfection [p 'fek n] ;n.完美,完善

[05:54.34]The engineers in Honda Automobile Factory ;本田汽车厂的工程师们

[05:56.50]are working toward the perfection of a new design. ;正在努力改进一项新的 设计使之完美.

[05:59.02]periodic [pi ri'dik] ;a.周期的,定期的, 时而发生的

[06:00.18]There is such an orchestra in the Caucasus. ;高加索确实有这样一个 乐团.

[06:02.46]All of the members are more than 100 years old. ;乐团的所有成员都在百 岁以上,

[06:04.94]They rehearse regularly and give periodic concerts. ;他们定期排练,定期开 音乐会.

[06:08.30]permissible [p 'misib l] ;a.可允许的,许可的

[06:09.38]The prison governor said ;监狱长说

[06:10.77]what the prisoner requested was unfortunately not permissible. ;囚犯的请求不大可能得 到批准.

[06:14.18]recycle[ri:'saikl] ;vt.回收利用(废物等)

[06:15.42]In Los Angeles alone, millions of pounds of paper are discarded or burned daily ;仅仅在洛杉矶,每天都有 数百万磅的纸张被扔下或 烧掉,

[06:19.94]rather than saved for recycling. ;而不是留着再次利用.

[06:21.92]serial['si ri l] ;n.连续剧,连载故事 a.连续的,顺序排列的

[06:23.57]Jing Yong's Kongfu novels have appeared as serial novels in newspapers. ;金庸的武侠小说以连载小 说的形式出现在报纸上.

[06:30.12]Lesson 39 ;第三十九课

[06:33.52]affiliate[ 'filieit] ;vt.使隶属于 n.附属机构,分公司

[06:34.50]The Radcliffe College is affiliated with Harvard University. ;Radcliffe 学院附属于 哈佛大学.

[06:37.58]The Harvard faculty provides all instructions, ;哈佛教师任所有课程,

[06:40.02]and Radcliffe graduates receive Harvard degrees. ;毕业生获哈佛授予的 学位.

[06:43.20]aggravate['gr veit] ;vt.加重,使恶化; 激怒,使恼火

[06:44.56]The recent Israeli bombing to Palestine Headquarters ;最近以色列对巴基斯坦 总部的轰炸

[06:47.36]aggravated the tension in the Middle East. ;加剧了中东的紧张局势.

[06:49.50]aggregate['grigeit] ;n.总数,总计 a.总计的,合计的 vt.总计达,积累

[06:50.90]Unit sales for December amounted in the aggregate to 100,000. ;12月份的单位销售量总 数达到10万.

[06:54.79]blaze[bleiz] ;vi.着火;放光彩;爆发 n.火焰,烈火;灿烂

[06:55.91]If we put some paper on the fire,it will soon burst into a blaze. ;如果把纸放在火上,就会 马上发出火焰.

[06:59.93]clarity['kliti] ;n.清楚,明确

[07:01.00]I'm greatly impressed by the clarity of the sea water in Hainan. ;海南清澈的海水给我留下 了深刻的印象.

[07:04.36]clearance['kli r ns] ;n.净空;清除;清算

[07:05.48]Generally speaking ;一般来说,

[07:07.05]in a modern apartment the clearance of the living room is becoming larger. ;现代公寓的客厅变得越 来越大.

[07:10.81]At the turn of seasons ;在季节交替的时候,

[07:12.43]there is usually a clearance sale of some goods in almost every store. ;各商店通常都对某些商 品清仓大减价.

[07:16.04]designate['dezigneit] ;vi.指派,委任;标出

[07:17.20]A special committee was designated by the UN ;联合国指派了一个特别委 员会

[07:19.80]to mediate the conflict between Palestine and Israel. ;去调停巴基斯坦和以 色列的冲突.

[07:22.45]diagnose [奷ai g'n uz] ['dai gn uz] ;vt.诊断,判断

[07:23.65]Doctors have to rely on a CT (computerized tomography )machine ;医生只有依赖CT(计算机 化X线体层照相技术),

[07:25.85]to diagnose tumors inside the head. ;来确诊头部肿瘤.

[07:27.87]Through effective tests,students' reading difficulties can be diagnosed. ;通过有效的测试,学生 阅读上的困难可被查找 出来.

[07:31.86]embody[im'bdi] ;vt.体现;包含,包括

[07:32.97]The new marriage law of country embodies some changed legal provisions. ;我国新的婚姻法有些条 文做了改动.

[07:37.24]The article embodied all his opinions on the incident. ;

[07:40.72]embed[im'bed] ;vt.把钳入,扎牢

[07:41.84]Hegemonism has been embedded in the mind of some American politicians. ;霸权主义思想已深深印入 某些美国政客的脑海.

[07:46.09]federation [奻ed rei n] ;n.联合会;联邦

[07:47.50]The United States is a federation of fifty individual states. ;美国是由50个州组成的 联邦.

[07:50.90]finite['fainait] ;a.有限的,限定的

[07:51.68]We must save energy because the natural resources of the earth are finite. ;我们必须节约能源,因 为地球的自然资源是有 限的.

[07:55.86]hitherto ['hi 'tu:] ;ad.到目前为止;迄今

[07:57.70]The missing Chinese pilot,Wang Wei,has not been found hitherto. ;到目前为止失踪的中国 飞行员王伟还没有找到.

[08:01.87]implicit[im'plisit] ;a.含蓄的;无疑问的; 固有的

[08:03.20]The leader has implicit trust in his secretary. ;领导对自己的秘书绝对 信任.

[08:06.01]inaugurate [i'n:gjureit] ;vt.开始; 为…举行就职典礼

[08:07.17]American presidents are always inaugurated on January 20th. ;美国总统总是在元月20日 宣誓就职的.

[08:10.81]incidence['insid ns] ;n.发生率

[08:12.06]It is reported that the incidence of illiteracy of China is noticeably decreasing. ;据报道,中国文盲率正在 显著下降.

[08:16.54]marginal['ma:din l] ;a.微小的,不重要的; 记在页边的

[08:17.78]Students should develop a habit of making marginal notes while reading. ;学生应养成阅读时在书的 页边上做笔记的习惯.

[08:21.34]nonetheless [n 'les] ;ad.尽管如此,依然

[08:22.57]The main stream of the world's situation is peace; ;尽管世界形势的 主流是和平,

[08:25.43]nonetheless local conflicts never stop. ;但是地区冲突从来 就没有停止过.

[08:28.29]plausible ['pl:zib l] ;a.似乎合理的; 似乎可能的

[08:29.40]The American intervention in the Balkan affairs seems plausible, ;美国对巴尔干事务的干涉 貌似有理,

[08:32.84]but it is a typical American hegemonic behavior. ;其实是典型的美国式霸 权主义行径.

[08:36.00]poke[p uk] ;vt.捅,戳;伸出 vi.伸出,突出; n.戳,捅

[08:36.74]Passengers are not allowed to poke their heads out of the windows ;乘客不要将头伸出窗外.

[08:39.59]when the bus is moving. ;公共汽车开动时,

[08:41.04]pore[p:] ;n.毛孔,细孔 vi.仔细阅读,审视

[08:42.04]When signing a contract you should pore over every clause in case you are fooled ;签合同前应仔细审读合同 的每一条款,以防万一上 当受骗.

[08:46.18]referee[ef 'ri:] ;n.裁判员;仲裁员 v.当裁判

[08:47.25]In a football match ;足球比赛中,

[08:48.38]one referee and two linesmen shall be appointed to officiate in each game. ;每场比赛任命一名裁判 员、两名巡边员执行裁 判任务.

[08:52.43]shaft[a:ft] ;n.柄,杆;轴;(光)束

[08:53.22]The shaft of an arrow is made of alloy material. ;箭杆是用合金材料制 作的.

[08:56.29]shepherd['ep d] ;n.牧羊人 vt.带领,引领

[08:57.40]The passengers were shepherded across the tarmac to the airliner ;旅客们被引导走过跑道上 飞机.

[09:01.04]shuttle['tl] ;n.织机的梭子;航天飞机 vi.穿梭般来回; vt.短程穿梭运动

[09:02.07]With a modern transportation network between Guangzhou and Shenzhen, ;广州与深圳间建有现代化 交通网络,

[09:05.26]trains and buses and lorries shuttle passengers and goods across the two cities. ;火车、大巴和卡车穿梭于 两市运送乘客和货物.

[09:09.57]thereafter [婠n r'a:ft ] ;ad.之后,以后

[09:10.77]In dialing a local call,the first three minutes will cost you 0.5 yuan; ;打市内电话头三分钟 0.5元,

[09:15.03]thereafter,each minute will cost 0.1 yuan. ;以后每分钟为0.1元.

[09:18.85]thrill[ril] ;n.兴奋,激动 v.(使)非常高兴或激动

[09:19.96]It's really a pity ;真是令人遗憾,

[09:22.25]that the Chinese football team has never thrilled the fans these years. ;中国足球队近年来从未让 球迷兴奋过.

[09:24.64]update[p'deit] ;vt.更新,使现代化 n.最新信息

[09:25.55]We have to update the English textbooks, because they are too obsolete to students. ;我们必须更新英语教材, 因为它们太过时了,不能 满足学生的要求.

[09:29.73]velocity[vi'lsiti] ;n.速度,速率

[09:30.86]A bullet goes from the gun with a velocity of 3000 feet a second. ;子弹以每秒3000英尺的 速度从枪里射出.

[09:34.79]wedge[wed] ;n.楔子,三角木 vt.用楔子抵住,挤进;? 楔入

[09:35.90]The people wedged me into the corner when the movie was over. ;电影结束时人们把我挤到 角落里.

[09:40.50]Lesson 40 ;第四十课

[09:42.65]alleviate[ 'li:vieit] ;vt.减轻,缓和

[09:44.02]Chinese medical researchers have successfully developed a new medicine ;中国医学研究人员已成功 地研制出一种新药,

[09:47.59]to alleviate the cancer patients' suffering. ;来缓解癌症病人痛苦.

[09:49.95]bonus['b un s] ;n.奖金,红利

[09:50.90]To some degree bonus is an effective way to motivate the workers. ;在某种程度上来说,奖金 是调动工作积极性的一种 有效方法.

[09:54.54]coherent [k u'hi r nt] ;a.条理清楚的,连贯的; 一致的

[09:55.58]We should try to be as coherent as possible whenever we speak or write in English. ;无论何时我们用英语说 话或写作时,都应该尽可 能地做到条理清楚.

[09:59.68]collaboration [k lb 'rei n] ;n.合作,协作;勾结

[10:00.92]Football is a collective game. ;足球是集体项目.

[10:02.66]Members of a team have to work in close collaboration in order to win a match. ;要赢得比赛,队员就必须 紧密配合.

[10:06.38]comet['kmit] ;n.彗星

[10:07.30]Newly discovered comets ;新发现的彗星

[10:08.75]are now named after the famous figures proposed by the discoverers. ;是以其发现者的所推荐的 名人的名字来命名的.

[10:12.18]differentiate [奷if 'renieit] ;vi.区分 vt.区别,使不同

[10:13.67]Men are differntiated from animals ;人与动物的区别

[10:15.65]in than men can communicate with each other by language. ;在于人能够用语言进行 交际.

[10:18.35]dilute[dai'lju:t] ;vt.稀释,冲淡 a.稀释的,冲淡的

[10:19.35]Water can dilute all kinds of chemical liquids. ;水可以稀释各种液体 化合物.

[10:21.90]The nurse diluted the drug with saline water ;护士用生理盐水加以 稀释.

[10:24.88]entail[in'teil] ;vt.使承担,需要

[10:26.01]The construction of the Three Gorges Project entails large migration. ;三峡工程建设需要大批 移民.

[10:30.06]Writing a history book entails a lot of work. ;写一本历史书需要下很大 功夫.

[10:32.75]entity['entiti] ;n.实体,实际存在物

[10:33.91]The southern Cantonese culture is a separate cultural entity. ;岭南文化是一单独的文化 实体.

[10:37.11]flare[fl ] ;vi.(火焰)闪耀;突出 n.闪光信号,照明弹

[10:38.18]A signal flare is usually shot when troops make a sudden attack at night. ;部队夜间发动突然袭击使 通常发射信号弹.

[10:42.08]gracious['grei s] ;a.亲切的,和蔼的; 优美的,雅致的 int.(表示惊讶)天哪

[10:43.15]Queen Elizabeth II almost always appears in the public with a gracious smile. ;伊丽莎白二世女王在公共 场合出现时总是面带和蔼 的笑容.

[10:47.41]hose[h uz] ;n.水龙头,软管 vt.用软管淋浇(或冲洗)

[10:48.25]For the sake of safety,all tall buildings must be equipped with hoses. ;为了安全起见,高层建筑 必须安装消防水龙头.

[10:52.34]inclusive[in'klu:siv] ;a.包括一切的;所有数目 包括在内的

[10:53.59]The Chinese Football Team consists of 30 people, ;中国足球队共有30人 组成,

[10:56.20]inclusive of the doctors and the interpreter. ;包括队医和翻译在内.

[10:58.59]incur[in'k :] ;vt.招致,遭受,引起

[10:59.91]The American bombing to the Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia ;美国对中国驻南斯拉夫大 使馆的轰炸

[11:03.19]incurred strong condemnation from many countries. ;遭到许多国家的强烈 谴责.

[11:06.88]lever['lev r] ;n.杆,杠杆;途径,手段 vt. 撬动,撬起

[11:08.32]Democrats used popular opinion as a lever to get the Act through the Congress. ;民主党人用舆论压力作为 杠杆促使该法案在国会获 得通过.

[11:12.59]medieval [妋edi'i:v l] ;a.中世纪的, 中古(时代)的

[11:13.75]Jeffery Chaucer was a medieval British poet, ;乔叟是中世纪英国诗人,

[11:16.81]considered by the British people as "the father of poetry". ;被英国人视为“诗歌之 父”.

[11:19.70]norm[n:m] ;n.标准,规范;准则

[11:20.79]The U.S. usually uses dual norms to judge the human rights in other countries. ;美国总是用双重标准来 评价别国的人权.

[11:25.13]optimum['ptim m] ;a.最合适的,最优的, 最佳的 n.最适条件,最适度

[11:26.34]Scientists are now trying to find out whether ;科学家正在努力探测外层 空间是否

[11:28.45]there is optimum environment for life in the outer space. ;有适合生命生长的环境.

[11:31.22]portray[p:'trei] ;vt.描写,描绘;扮演

[11:32.22]Vicky Zhao portrayed a very ugly person in the film Shaolin Football. ;赵薇在电影《少林足球》 中扮演一个奇丑无比的 人.

[11:35.70]posture['pst ] ;vi.装模作样 n.姿势,姿态; 看法,态度

[11:36.81]An arrogant person usually assumes a posture of superiority ;傲慢的人通常摆出一副高 人一等的样子.

[11:39.84]remnant['remn nt] ;n.残留部分

[11:40.66]We must get rid of the remnants of the feudal thought. ;我们必须消除封建思想 的残余.

[11:43.31]simulate['simjuleit] ;vt.模仿,模拟;假冒

[11:44.34]Simulated English tests may not always accurately ;英语模拟考试不一定总能 准确地

[11:46.84]reflect one's true proficiency and skills ;反映一个人的真实水平 和技能.

[11:49.24]situated ['situeitid] ;a.位于…的,坐落在…的

[11:50.31]Wuhan City is situated in the center of China ;武汉市位于中国的中部.

[11:52.75]slack[slk] ;a.懈怠的;萧条的, 不活跃的 n.松弛部分;宽松的

[11:53.91]Those who are slack in their work will never have a chance to be successful. ;干活马虎的人永远都不会 成功.

[11:57.40]Don't slack off in your studies. ;不要荒废学业.

[11:59.38]slot[slt] ;n.狭缝;空位 vt.把…放入狭长开口中

[12:00.37]If you want to draw money from the ATM, ;如果想从自动取款机里取 钱,

[12:02.20]just insert the magnets card into the slot and enter your pin number. ;只要将磁卡插入,输 入你的密码即可.

[12:05.80]tile[tail] ;n.瓦,瓷砖 vt.铺瓦,贴瓷砖

[12:06.75]A roof tile is made of baked clay. ;屋顶的瓦是用黏土烧制 而成的.

[12:08.94]We use titles to cover roofs and sometimes floors and walls. ;我们用瓦片盖房顶,有时 也用瓷砖铺地面和墙面.

[12:12.26]toxic['tksik] ;a.有毒的,因中毒引起的

[12:13.30]This medicine is toxic if taken in large quantities. ;这种药若服用过量是 有毒的.

[12:16.11]vent[vent] ;n.通风口;(衣服低部的) 开叉; vt.排放;表达,发泄 (情感等)

[12:16.94]The news that the U.S. will cut down its financial aid to Korea has taken vent. ;美国将消减对韩国的经济 援助的消息给泄露了.

[12:21.32]whereby[w 'bai] ;ad.靠那个,借以

[12:22.45]We need this system whereby a new plan may arise. ;我们需要这种可能借以产 生新计划的制度.

[12:26.67]Lesson 41 ;第四十一课

[12:28.86]analogy[ 'nl di] ;n.类比,比拟,类推

[12:30.11]In physiology class ;在生理学课上

[12:31.63]the teacher drew an analogy between the human heart and the pump. ;老师打了个比方,将人的 心脏比作水泵.

[12:34.65]There is an analogy between the way water moves in waves and the way light travels. ;水流流动的方式与光的 传播方式有相似之处.

[12:39.13]analytic [ 'litik] ;a.分析的,分析法的

[12:40.41]Chinese is an analytic language which ;汉语是分析型语言,

[12:42.40]depends on the invari- able roots and word order to indicate its grammatical relations. ;其语法关系取决于不变的 词根和词序.

[12:47.95]bruise[bru:z] ;n.青肿;伤痕 vt.打青,挫折

[12:48.70]It is strange that girls are much easier to bruise their skin than boys. ;很奇怪,女孩子的皮肤 总是比男孩们更容易被 碰青肿.

[12:52.13]Soft fruit bruises easily. ;细嫩的水果容易碰损.

[12:54.40]commute[k 'mju:t] ;vi.乘车往返于两地 vt.减(刑);折合 n.上下班交通

[12:55.27]If you buy an apartment in the suburbs, ;如果在郊区买房子的话,

[12:57.06]you'll have to commute by bus between your home and your office in the downtown. ;就要乘公共汽车上下班.

[13:00.82]competence ['kmpit ns] ;n.能力,胜任,称职

[13:01.82]Not everyone has the competence to learn a foreign language well. ;不是每个人都能学好一门 外语的.

[13:04.84]compartment [k m'pa:tm nt] ;n.(火车)卧铺车厢内 的隔间;分隔的空间, 火车车厢

[13:05.92]Smoking is forbidden in the air-conditioned compartments. ;空调车厢内严禁吸烟.

[13:09.02]cynical['sinik l] ;a.愤世疾俗的, (对人体或动机) 怀疑的

[13:10.06]With a cynical outlook the young people today are easy to go to extremes. ;抱有愤世疾俗的心态, 当今的年轻人容易走 极端.

[13:13.90]directory [di'rekt ri] ;n.人名地址录, 电话号码簿, 工商行名录

[13:14.81]You can find the telephone number and adress of any company in the directory. ;在电话薄上可以找到任何 公司的电话号码和地址.

[13:18.87]envisage[in'vizid] ;vt.想象,设想;正视, 面对(事实等)

[13:20.12]Nobody can envisage the consequences of a nuclear war. ;没有人能想象得出来核 战争带来的后果.

[13:23.11]erosion[i'r u n] ;n.腐蚀,磨损; 消弱,减少

[13:24.53]The sea has the important earth-shaping power, ;海洋有造地的力量,

[13:27.04]producing erosion through the action of waves and tides. ;通过波浪和潮汐的 的运动而产生侵蚀.

[13:30.23]foam[f um] ;n.泡沫;泡沫材料, vi.起泡沫,吐白沫

[13:31.09]The waves break into foams against the rocks. ;波浪在岩石上撞成了泡沫

[13:33.70]Foam rubber is soft rubber full of small air-bubbles. ;泡沫橡胶是充满了 小气泡的软橡胶.

[13:36.81]graphic['grfik] ;a.文字的,图表的; 生动的,形象的

[13:38.22]In Hemingway's novels there are graphic descriptions of battles. ;在海明威的小说中有 生动的战争场面的描写.

[13:41.97]hover['hv ] ;vi.(鸟等)翱翔,盘旋; 徘徊,逗留在附近

[13:43.00]Some birds hover when they look for animals to kill on the ground. ;有些鸟在寻杀地上的 动物时,他们(在空中) 盘旋.

[13:46.20]indicative [in'dik tiv] ;n.陈述语气 a.表示的,象征的; 陈述的

[13:47.29]Resumption of the talks ;重新开始谈判

[13:48.68]is indicative of an improving relationship between South Korea and North Korea. ;预示着南北朝鲜的 关系正在改善.

[13:52.66]Is a high forehead indicative of great mental power? ;前额高表示智慧高吗?

[13:55.58]inertia [i'n : ] ;n.不活动,惰性;惯性

[13:56.65]Because of the inertia the train cannot stop instantly. ;由于惯性, 火车不能说停就停.

[13:59.79]inflict[in'flikt] ;vt.把强加于, 使遭受,使承担

[14:00.66]The U.S. always inflicts its concept of human nature on other nations. ;美国总是把自己的 人权观念强加于别国.

[14:04.38]likelihood ['laiklihud] ;n.可能,可能性

[14:05.61]Probability is the mathematical study of the likelihood of an event's occurrence. ;概率是对一个事件发生 的可能性的数学研究.

[14:09.75]migrant['maigr nt] ;n.移居者,移民; 候鸟,迁移动物

[14:10.72]Swallows,white cranes and red-crowned cranes are migrants. ;燕子、白鹤和丹顶鹤 都是候鸟.

[14:14.31]Migrant workers move from city to city in search of work. ;流动工人为了寻找工作 从一个城市移居到另一 个城市.

[14:17.62]notation [n u'tei n] ;n.记号,标记法

[14:18.76]Binary notation is used in the computer language. ;计算机语言使用二进制.

[14:21.95]orthodox [': dks] ; a.传统的,正统的, 正宗的

[14:23.29]The young generation today don't like orthodox teaching. ;当今的年轻一代 不喜欢正统的说教.

[14:26.31]predecessor ['pri:dises ] ; n.前任,前辈; (被取代的)原有事物, 前身

[14:27.37]My present car is much better than its predecessor. ;我现在的汽车比 原来的那辆好得多.

[14:30.51]The new building is much more spacious than its predecessor. ;这一新建筑比 原先的更宽敞.

[14:34.15]premature [妏ri:m 'tu ] [妏rem 'tu ] , ;a.比预期(或正常) 时间早的;仓促的, 不成熟的

[14:35.75]I had been a little too premature in coming to this conclusion. ;做出这样的结论, 我有点太草率.

[14:39.02]renaissance [ri'neis ns] ;n.文艺复兴, 文艺复兴时期.

[14:40.40]Renaissance is the period of revival in history, ;文艺复兴时期是历史上 的一个复兴时期,

[14:42.88]roughly the 14th through the 16th century, ;从大约14世纪到16世纪,

[14:45.45]marking the transition from medieval to modern times. ;它标志着从中世纪到 现代时期的过渡.

[14:48.56]repertoire ['rep twa:] ; n.(剧团、演员等的) 全部节目;指令系统

[14:49.70]That tune is not in my repertoire. ;我演出的节目中 没有这个曲子.

[14:51.83]solidarity [妔li'driti] ;n.团结一致

[14:53.18]The perennial conflict between national egoism and internation -al solidarity ;“国家利己主义和国际 联合之间的长期冲突

[14:57.56]becomes more and more visible?" ;变得越来越明显吗?” (艾萨克.多伊彻)

[14:59.77]solitary ['slit ri] ; a.单独的,独自的; 单个的,惟一的; 孤独的

[15:00.89]This is a solidary instance. ;这是独一无二的实例.

[15:02.84]The arch-criminal was kept in solidary confinement. ;那名首犯被单独监禁.

[15:05.80]soluble['sljub l] ; a.可溶的;可解决的

[15:06.84]Salt is soluble in water very easily. ;盐在水中很容易溶解.

[15:09.36]suspension [s 'spen n] ;n.暂停,中止; 悬挂;悬置机构

[15:10.63]The U.S. declared suspension of financial payment to the U.N. ;美国宣布暂停向 联合国付款.

[15:14.65]synthesis['sinisis] ;n.综合;合成

[15:15.75]Humans need some sunlight ;人需要阳光

[15:17.04]for the synthesis of vitamin D which takes place in the skin. ;才能在皮肤里 合成维生素D.

[15:20.29]trademark['treidma:k] ; n.商标,牌号; 特征,标记

[15:21.31]The shuffle and snicker become the comedian's trademark. ;搅和与窃笑成为那个 戏剧演员的标志.

[15:24.07]transcend[trn'send] ;vt.超出,超越(经验、 理性、信念等)的范围

[15:25.17]Some people believe that no one can see the thing in itself, ;有人认为一个人永远 不可能认识事物本身 的本质,

[15:28.29]because the mind does not transcend phenomena. ;因为思想无法超越现象.

[15:30.89]She far transcends others in beauty and intelligence. ;她才貌出众.

[15:34.45]ventilate['ventileit] ;vt.使通风;把公开, 公开讨论.

[15:35.66]The lungs ventilate the blood. ;肺吸收新鲜空气 使血液净化.

[15:37.31]A sea breeze ventilated the rooms. ;一阵海风使房间的 空气更清新.

[15:41.08]Lesson 42 ;第四十二课

[15:43.50]anonymous [ 'nnim s] ;a.无名的,匿名的; 无特色的

[15:44.70]Who wrote the letter? I don't konw.It was an anonymous letter. ;这封信是谁写的? 我不知道. 这是一封匿名信.

[15:48.40]apparatus [妏 'reit s] [妏 'rt s] ;n.器械,器具,仪器

[15:49.54]An automobile is a complicated apparatus. ;汽车是台复杂的机器.

[15:52.54]buck[bk] ;n.(一)美元,奥元;雄鹿 vi.(马等)猛然弓背跃起

[15:53.65]The plane bucked a strong head wind. ;飞机顶着强烈的 逆风飞行.

[15:56.56]complication [mpli'kei n] ;n.并发症

[15:58.11]Complications set in, and the patient died. ;病人因出现并发症而死 亡.

[16:00.92]composite [k m'pzit, 'kmp zit] ;a.混合成的,综合成的 n.合成物,复合材料

[16:01.90]The police artist made a composite of the murderer. ;警察局的拼图师拼出了 一幅谋杀罪犯的图片.

[16:04.94]English is a composite of many languages. ;英语是多种语言 混合而成的.

[16:07.34]compute [k m'pju:t] ;v.计算,估算

[16:08.27]I compute my losses at 500 dollars. ;我估计我的损失有500 元.

[16:10.72]disastrous [di'za:str s] ;a.灾难的,造成灾害的; 极坏的,很糟的

[16:11.78]The result of the flood in 1998 in China was disastrous. ;1998 年中国水灾的 后果是灾难性的.

[16:15.68]Carelessness in driving often results in disastrous accidents. ;开车时粗心大意常造成 严重事故.

[16:19.47]disclose [dis'kl uz] ;vt.揭露,泄露,透露

[16:20.60]Most movie stars are not willing to disclose their true age. ;大多数电影明星不愿透 露其真实年龄.

[16:23.73]ethnic['enik] ;a.种族的

[16:24.57]Ethnic discrimination still exists in the U.S. ;种族歧视在美国 仍然存在.

[16:28.29]evacuate [i'vkjueit] ;vt.转移,撤离,疏散

[16:29.50]The village was evacuated because of the danger of a flood. ;由于洪水的威胁, 村里人都已撤走了.

[16:32.50]Fear will evacuate a man's minds of reason and courage. ;恐惧会使人失去理智 和勇气.

[16:35.77]evaporate [i'vp reit] ;vi.蒸发;消失, 不复存在的 vt.使蒸发,使挥发

[16:36.81]The sun will evaporate the mist. ;太阳会蒸发雾气.

[16:38.59]The pool of water on the playground evaporated in the sun. ;操场上的积水在阳光 下蒸发了.

[16:41.86]foil[fil] ;n.金箔,金属薄片;陪衬 vt.挫折,使受挫折

[16:42.86]The police foiled the murderer's attempt to escape. ;警察使这个杀人犯逃跑 的企图成为泡影.

[16:45.90]The enemy's attack on the liberated area was foiled. ;敌人向解放区的 进攻被阻止了.

[16:48.99]grope[gr up] ;vt.摸索 vi.暗中摸,摸索;探索

[16:49.59]We are groping after the mystery of the universe. ;我们在探索宇宙的奥妙.

[16:51.84]The Japanese spies grope about for commercial information ;日本间谍到处搜集 商业情报.

[16:55.50]humidity [hju:'miditi] ;n.湿度,潮湿,湿气

[16:56.63]Humidity caused me another fit of rheumatism. ;湿气使我的风湿病又 发作了.

[16:59.02]inhabit[in'hbit] ;vt.居住于,栖息于

[17:00.00]The Sahara desert is a district sparsely inhabited. ;撒哈拉沙漠是个人烟稀 少的地区.

[17:03.42]It is easy for a man to embark on the road of degeneration and crime ;他是很容易走上堕落、 犯罪道路的

[17:07.17]when greed inhabits his mind. ;当贪婪的思想占据了 人的心灵时.

[17:09.09]inhibit [in'hibit] ;vt.阻止,妨碍,抑制

[17:10.02]Penicillin can inhibit the spread of the bacteria and inflammation. ;青霉素可以抑制细菌 和炎症的扩散.

[17:13.44]innovation [n 'vei n] ;n.革新,创新; 新方法,新奇的事物.

[17:14.47]The innovation of air travel during the twentieth century ;20世纪发明的空中飞行

[17:17.11]has made the world seem smaller. ;似乎使世界变小了.

[17:18.79]literacy ['lit r si] ;n.读写能力,识字, 有文化

[17:19.72]The literacy campaign started from the 50s of the last century in China. ;中国扫盲运动始于上 世纪50年代.

[17:23.52]militant ['milit nt] ; a.激进的,好斗的 n.激进分子,斗士

[17:24.60]The militant Palestinian guerrillas often attack the Israeli soldiers. ;激进的巴勒斯坦游击队 经常袭击以色列士兵.

[17:28.68]minimal ['minim l] ;a.最小的,最低限度的

[17:29.65]Fortunately,the storm only did minimal damage to the crops. ;幸好,暴风雨对农作物 只造成很小的损失.

[17:33.13]notwithstanding [twi'stndi] ;ad./conj.尽管, 不管,还是

[17:34.63]Many people told me not to try,but I went ahead notwithstanding. ;很多人都劝我不要尝试, 我还是决意去做了.

[17:38.65]I went swimming yesterday ;昨天我去游泳了,

[17:40.02]notwithstanding (that) my mother told me not to. ;虽然妈妈告诉我不要去.

[17:42.91]proceedings [pr 'si:diz] ;n.(会议的)议程,过程; 诉讼程序;公报

[17:44.22]The manager opened today's proceedings in several short sentences. ;经理用简短的几句话 开始了今天的会议.

[17:47.65]reside [ri'zaid] ;vi.居住,定居; 存在,在于

[17:48.81]The real power resides in the people. ;真正的权力属于人民.

[17:50.93]residential [ezi'den l] ;a.住宅的;适合居住的

[17:51.95]The residential space in the metropolitan cities is becoming smaller and smaller, ;现在大都市里的住宅 空间比以前越来越小,

[17:56.09]but it is more and more expensive than ever before. ;而价格则越来越贵.

[17:58.93]sparkle ['spa:k l] ;vi.发光,闪耀; 活跃,(才智等)焕发 n.发光,闪耀;活跃;活力, 生气

[18:00.30]Drops of water sparking in the sun. ;水滴在阳光下闪闪发光.

[18:02.50]Her diamonds sparking in the bright light. ;她的钻石在亮光下 闪闪发光.

[18:04.84]Her eyes sparkled with excitement. ;她的眼睛由于兴奋而 发亮.

[18:07.05]specialty ['spe lti] ;n.特产,名产,特色菜; 专业,专长

[18:08.60]His specialty is biology;mine is physiology. ;他的专业是生物学, 我的专业是生理学.

[18:11.68]Hami melon (a variety of muskmelon) is a specialty in Xinjiang. ;哈蜜瓜是新疆的特产.

[18:15.06]spectrum ['spektr m] ;n.谱,光谱,频谱; 范围,幅度

[18:16.15]Now computers are widely used in the whole spectrum of industry. ;现在计算机已在工业上 广泛应用.

[18:19.73]spiral ['spai r l] ;n.螺旋式的上升(或下降) vi.(物价等)不断急剧地 上升(下降)

[18:20.62]The smoke spiral(l)ed up. ;那股烟袅袅的上升.

[18:22.23]transient ['trnsi nt] ;a.短暂的;临时的,暂住的

[18:23.19]Life is transient. ;人生如朝露(很短暂),

[18:24.48]whirl [w :l] ;vi.急转,旋转;发晕 n.急转,旋转;混乱, 接连不断的活动

[18:25.48]The wind whirled the leaves into the air. ;风不树叶刮到了空中.

[18:27.38]The earth whirls on its axis. ;地球绕轴自转.

[18:30.61]Lesson 43 ;第四十三课

[18:33.27]appraisal [ 'preiz l] ;n.估计,估量,评价

[18:34.36]The members of the IOC made an objective appraisal of Beijing. ;国际奥林匹克委员会成员 对北京做出了客观的评 价.

[18:38.68]arch [a:t] ;n.拱门,拱型(结构) v.(使)成拱型 a.调皮的,淘气的

[18:39.68]The cat arches its back when it sees the dog. ;猫看到狗, 就会把背拱起.

[18:42.34]A bright rainbow arched above after the rain. ;雨后彩虹在天上形成 弓状.

[18:45.34]arena [ 'ri:n ] ;n.竞技场,表演场所; 活动场所

[18:46.34]The world is as an arena of moral conflict. ;世界像一个道义冲突的 竞争场所.

[18:49.09]bureaucracy [bju'rkr si] ;n.官僚,官僚作风; 官僚机构

[18:50.43]We must fight against the bureaucracy in order to improve governmental work. ;为了提高政府部门的 工作效率,我们必须 与官僚作风作斗争.

[18:54.43]confer [k n'f :] ;v.协商,交换意见 vt.授予(称号、学位等) 赠与,把…赠与,协议

[18:55.56]The engineers and technicians ;工程师和技术员们

[18:57.00]are still conferring on the unexpected accident of the fire damp explosion. ;还在讨论此次瓦斯爆炸 的以外事故.

[19:01.17]consecutive [k n'sekjutiv] ; a.连续的;连贯的; 顺序的

[19:02.08]I am extremely busy every week on three consecutive days, ;我每星期连续三天 都非常忙,

[19:05.42]Monday,Tuesday and Wednesday. ;是在星期一、星期二、 星期三.

[19:07.84]consensus [k n'sens s] ;n.一致同意, 多数人的意见,舆论

[19:09.59]The voters' consensus was that the capital penalty should not be abolished. ;大多数选民的意见是 不应该废除死刑.

[19:14.25]What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting? ;下午会议上一致的 意见是什么?

[19:17.84]consequent ['knsikw nt] ;a.作为结果的, 随之发生的

[19:19.00]His long illness and consequent absence put him far behind in his work. ;他因病缺席很久, 耽误了很多课程.

[19:23.25]contend [k n'tend] ;v.斗争,竞争,主张; 辩论;声称

[19:24.17]The defense contended that the evidence was inadmissible. ;被警方声称证据是 不可接受的.

[19:27.57]discrepancy [di'skrep nsi] ;n.差异,不一致; 矛盾,偏差,误差

[19:28.90]There was a discrepan- cy in the two reports of the loss of the earthquake in India. ;对于印度这次地震的损 失,两份报告不一致.

[19:33.36]discrete [di'skri:t] ;a.分离的,分立的, 无联系的

[19:34.61]The picture consisted of a lot of discrete spots of color. ;这幅由许多零散的色 点组成.

[19:38.70]disrupt [dis'rpt] ; vt.使中断,干扰

[19:39.61]An accident of the collision of a truck with a train ;一辆卡车与一列火车 相撞的事故

[19:42.70]has disrupted railroad services into and out of Paris. ;中断了进出巴黎市的 铁路交通.

[19:46.77]Protesters in Poland disrupted Clinton's speech. ;波兰的抗议者干扰了 克林顿的演说.

[19:50.18]exceptional [ik'sep n l] ;a.例外的,特殊的, 优越的,杰出的

[19:51.43]Mozart showed exceptional musical talent when he was only 3 years old. ;莫扎特3岁就表现出 非凡的音乐才能.

[19:55.61]execution [奺ksi'kju: n] ;n.执行;实行;执行遗嘱; 处决,处死

[19:56.86]Executions used to be held in public. ;死刑过去常常当众执行.

[19:59.52]forthcoming [f'kmi] ;a.即将到来的;准备好的; 乐意帮助的;友善的

[20:00.51]When she was asked why she was absent for the party,no answer was forthcoming. ;当问到她为什么没来参加 晚会,她不作任何回答.

[20:05.09]We asked several villagers the way to the mine,and they are very forthcoming. ;我们向好几个村民询问 通往矿山的路,他们都 很乐意帮助.

[20:09.85]fracture ['frkt ] ;v.(使)破裂;(使)断裂 n.骨折,挫折

[20:11.02]A fracture in any part of the body can be very serious in elderly people. ;老年人身体的任何部位 发生骨折都有可能成为 严重疾患.

[20:14.93]hysterical [hi'sterik l] ;a.歇斯底里的, 异常兴奋的

[20:16.26]On hearing the news that he was elected senator,he was in hysterical laughter. ;一听到他当选参议员 的消息,他一阵狂笑.

[20:20.85]insane [in'sein] ;a.毫无见识的, 患精神病的;疯狂的

[20:21.84]You must be insane to drive your car so fast ;你把车开得那么快, 一定是疯了.

[20:24.76]instrumental [nstru'ment l] ;a 有帮助的;有作用的; 仪器的,器械的, 乐器的

[20:25.76]Technical innovation is instrumental in improving the quality products. ;技术革新有助于提高 产品的质量.

[20:29.59]Encouragement is more instrumental for the development of children than blame. ;鼓励比责备对孩子的 成长更有帮助.

[20:33.91]insulate ['ins let] ;vt.使绝热;使绝缘; 隔离;使孤立

[20:35.16]The royal family is insulated from many of the difficulties faced by ordinary people. ;王室人员都毋须应付 平民所面临的许多困难.

[20:39.66]Many houses in the north are warm in winter ;北方的许多房子在 冬天很暖和,

[20:41.92]because they are insulated so that the heat is not lost. ;因为它们都作了隔热 处理,使热量不致散失.

[20:44.75]locality [l u'kliti] ;n.地区,地点,现场

[20:45.91]Localities,even individual villages developed their own languages. ;许多地区,甚至各村子 都有他们自己的语言.

[20:49.90]module ['mdju:l] ;n.模块,组件; (宇宙飞船上独立的)舱

[20:50.83]It is very fast to use computation module to process files. ;利用计算模块来处理文挡 速度很快.

[20:54.90]numerical [nju:'merik l] ;a.数字的,用数表示的, 数值的

[20:55.83]We do not have any numerical information about casualties of the earthquake. ;我们还没有有关地震 伤亡人数方面的报告.

[20:59.58]prone [pr un] ;a.易于…的; 倾向于…的;俯卧的

[21:00.58]Children of poor health are very prone to colds in winter. ;体弱的孩子在 冬天易患感冒.

[21:03.70]propagate ['prp geit] ;vi.繁殖;增殖 vt.繁殖,增殖; 传播,宣传

[21:04.69]Most plants propagate by seed. ;大部分植物用种子繁殖.

[21:06.69]Water easily propagates sound. ;水容易传导声音.

[21:08.94]resultant [ri'zlt nt] ;a.作为结果发生的, 合成的

[21:10.10]Her rudeness and resultant criticism from her parents made her ashamed. ;她没有没有礼貌结果 被父母批评,这使她 很羞愧.

[21:14.10]retention [ri'ten n] ;n.保留,保持

[21:15.02]The retention of old technology has slowed the company's growth. ;延用旧技术阻碍了 该公司的发展.

[21:18.52]retrospect ['retr uspekt] ;n.回顾,回想; 怀旧,追忆

[21:19.69]The retrospect that the Chinese football team ;回想起中国男子足球

[21:21.84]has been repeatedly defeated in the important matches was depressing. ;在重大比赛中屡战屡败 真是令人沮丧.

[21:25.80]spouse [spauz] ;n.配偶(指夫或妻)

[21:26.80]You may choose to pay income tax jointly or separately from your spouse. ;你可以选择与配偶一起 或分开交纳所得税.

[21:30.37]sponge [spnd] ;n.海绵,海面体 vt.用湿布或海绵擦拭

[21:31.38]Young people should not sponge of their parents. ;年轻人应该不依赖父母.

[21:34.06]stabilize ['steibilaiz] ;v.(使)稳定,使稳固

[21:35.06]The primary task of the police is to stabilize the social order. ;警察的首要任务是 稳定社会秩序.

[21:38.38]stereotype ['steri utaip] ;n.陈腔滥调,老套 vt.套用老套, 使一成不变

[21:39.72]Regional stereotypes ;地区性旧习

[21:40.97]have been part of America since its founding Westerners are trendy, ;自从美国建国以来就 成为它的一部分.

[21:44.63]Midwesterners are dull Northeasterners are brainy,and Southerners are lazy. ;西部人时髦,中西部人 木讷,东北部人机智, 南方人懒惰.

[21:49.47]It's wrong to stereotype people, as if they were all alike. ;把人们看作都是一样的, 这是错误的.

[21:52.72]traverse ['trv s] ;vt.横过,穿过,经过

[21:54.13]The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway traverses almost half of China. ;京广铁路几乎穿越 大半个中国.

[21:57.63]I have to intention to traverse that ground in my present lecture. ;在这次演讲中我不打算 详细讨论这一点.

[22:01.71]triple ['trip l] ;a.三倍的,三部分的 vt.使成三倍

[22:03.13]The manager tripled his income. ;经理使他的收入增加两倍 (增至三倍).

[22:05.13]verbal ['v :b l] ;a.口头的,语言的; 用词的;动词的

[22:05.96]Verbal communication is primary in our social interaction. ;口头交际是我们社交 中最主要的交际方式.

[22:10.46]Lesson 44 ;第四十四课

[22:13.00]artery ['a:t ri] ;n.动脉,要道

[22:14.07]The railway system is regarded as the artery of our country. ;铁路系统被视为 我国的大动脉.

[22:17.98]ascertain [妔 'tein] ;vt.弄清,查明;确定

[22:18.98]Biologists have ascertained that ;生物学家已经确定

[22:20.72]specialized cells convert chemical energy into mechanical energy. ;有专门的细胞把化学能 转变成机械能.

[22:24.53]aspiration [妔p 'rei n] ;n.热望,渴望;志向

[22:25.78]Young Edison had a strong aspiration to be an inventor. ;年幼的爱迪生就渴望 成为一名发明家.

[22:29.70]contention [k n'ten n] ;n.(辩论的)论点, 争论,争辩

[22:31.20]Clumbus's contention that the earth was round turned out to be correct. ;事实证明哥伦布认为 地球是圆的这论点是 对的.

[22:34.77]The study of English requires effort and contention of mind. ;学习英语需要勤奋和 精神上的毅力.

[22:38.02]continuity [nti'njuiti] ;n.连续性,连贯性

[22:39.27]There is no continuity of subject in a dictionary. ;词典里没有一个 连贯的主题.

[22:42.18]conversion [k n'v : n] ;n.转变,变换,改变信仰, (宗)转意归主

[22:43.36]Information conversions can now be done in computers. ;现在信息转换可在 电脑中进行.

[22:46.59]cooperative [k u'p r tiv] ;a.合作的;愿意合作的; 协力的 n.合作社;合作商店

[22:47.59]The rural credit cooprative is a financial organization ;农业信用合作社是 金融机构.

[22:51.18]corporate ['k:p r t] ;a.团体的;法人组织的, 共同的;全体的

[22:52.02]The Chinese-tennis team made a corporate effort to win countess championships. ;中国乒乓球队通过集体 的共同努力赢得了无数 次冠军.

[22:56.02]dock [dk] ;n.码头,船坞 vt.消减(薪金,供应,津 贴等),剥夺; 扣去…的应得工资

[22:57.01]Every month $5 is docked from our salaries for housing -repairing payment. ;每个月我们的工资中扣 5美元用于修房.

[23:01.10]exempt [ig'zempt] ;vt.免除,豁免 a.被豁免的,被免除的

[23:02.09]He is exempt from military service because of his bad sight. ;他由于视力不好而 免服兵役.

[23:05.26]His identity of a foreign official ;他的外国官员身份

[23:07.25]exempted him from the customs duties for these basic necessities. ;使他免缴这些基本 必需品的关税.

[23:10.63]exotic [ig'ztik] ;a.异国情调的, 外来的,奇异的

[23:11.80]We saw many exotic flowers and plants which we had never seen before ;我们看到许多从未见过 的国外花卉和植物

[23:14.90]at the Kunming International Fair. ;在昆明世博会上.

[23:16.54]frantic ['frntik] ;a.发狂的;狂欢的

[23:17.54]There was a frantic rush ;出现了一片疯狂的忙乱

[23:18.87]to get everything ready for the unexpected inspection from the superiors. ;为了准备迎接上级 的突然检查.

[23:22.71]fringe [frind] ;n.额前刘海;边缘,边界 a.边缘的;外围的; a.次要的;附加的 vt.成为…的边缘

[23:23.64]It was easier to move about on the fringe of the crowd. ;在人群外围移动比较容易

[23:26.95]interim ['int rim] ;n.过渡时期;中间时期 a.暂时的;临时的

[23:27.87]The full report isn't ready yet,but you can see the interim report ;正式报告尚未写好, 但你可以先看看这 份临时报告.

[23:31.62]intermittent [nt 'mit nt] ;a.间歇的,断断续续的

[23:33.20]Sometimes there are intermittent thunderstorms all day in summer. ;夏天有时整天有 断断续续的暴风雨.

[23:36.86]intersection [nt 'sek n] ;n.十字路口,交叉点

[23:38.20]In Guangzhou City there are many intersections on the roads and streets. ;广州市街道的交叉点 很多.

[23:41.54]lubricate ['lu:brikeit] ;vt.使润滑,加润滑油

[23:42.61]You should lubricate the moving parts of your car every 5000 kilometers. ;你应该每5000公里给 你的车的活动部位件 上油.

[23:46.45]monetary ['mnit ri] ;a.货币的;金钱的; 金融的;财政的

[23:47.52]The monetary system of certain countries used to be based on gold. ;某些国家的货币制度 过去一直是金本位的.

[23:51.02]nurture ['n :t ] vt./n.养育,培育,滋养 ;

[23:51.86]Nurture your mind with good reading. ;以优秀读物来陶冶你的 心智.

[23:54.11]As a teacher,we must murture students' talents. ;作为教师,我们必须 培养学生的才能.

[23:56.93]proposition [妏rp 'zi n] ;n.主张,建议;陈述;命题

[23:58.36]Pythagorean proposition is a geometry term. ;勾股定理是一个 几何术语.

[24:01.51]prospective [pr 'spektiv] ;a.未来的;盼望中的; 预期的

[24:02.94]They want to sell their house and already have a prospective buyer. ;他们想卖房,并且已经 有了一位意向性的买主.

[24:06.01]rig [rig] ;n.船具;装备 vt.用欺骗手段操纵控制; vt.(为达到预期的目的 而)营私舞弊,事先决定

[24:07.11]People doubled whether the presidential election in Florida had been rigged. ;人们怀疑佛罗里达州的 总统选举有舞弊行为.

[24:10.47]ritual ['ritu l] ;n.典礼,(宗教)仪式; 例行习惯 a.仪式的,典礼的; 通常的,习惯的

[24:11.47]Our society has many rituals of greeting, farewell,and celebration. ;我们的社会有许多关于 招呼、告别和庆祝的仪 式.

[24:15.64]stern [st :n] ;a.严厉的,严格的 n.船尾

[24:16.71]A father is usually much sterner with his children than a mother is. ;父亲一般比母亲对孩子 要严厉得多.

[24:20.80]stimulus ['stimjul s] ;n.刺激物,促进因素; 鼓励

[24:22.13]Light is a stimulus to growth in plants. ;光是植物生长的促进因素

[24:24.63]strand [strnd] ;vi.搁浅 vt.使搁浅,使落后 n.绳,线之一股;

[24:25.63]If you were stranded in a strange town without money or friends, ;如果你困在一个陌生的 城市,既没有钱,又没 有朋友,

[24:28.71]what would you do? ;你会怎么办?

[24:29.71]stray [strei] ;vi.迷路;离题;想到别处 a.迷了路的,离了群的; 意外的;零落的 n.迷失的家畜

[24:30.87]Don't stray from the point. ;不要离题乱扯.

[24:32.09]The streets were empty except for a few stray taxis. ;除了偶然可以看到的 几辆出租车外,街上 没有人迹.

[24:35.41]tuck [tk] ;vt.打摺,卷起,塞, 使隐藏 vi.(衣服等的)摺,裥

[24:36.41]A bird usually tucks its head under its wing when it sleeps. ;鸟在休息时通常把头缩 进翅膀下.

[24:39.84]tuition [tju:'i n] ;n.学费;教诲;教学;讲授

[24:40.84]The tuition of higher education in the USA is much higher than that in China. ;美国高校的学费比 中国要高许多.

[24:44.91]upgrade ['pgreid] ;vt.使升级,提升, 改良品种 n.上坡;升级,上升

[24:46.16]Israel makes every means to upgrade its military defenses. ;以色列千方百计地提升 其军事防务水平.

[24:50.00]visualize ['viu laiz, 'vizju laiz] ;vt.形象,形象化,想象

[24:51.00]When you read novels, do you visualize the scene As It Is described? ;你读小说时是否想象 所描绘的场景呢?

[24:56.08]Lesson 45 ;第四十五课

[24:59.08]assimilate [ 'simileit] ;vt.吸收,消化;使同化 vi.使同化,使吸收

[25:00.33]The U.S. has assimilated people from many European countries. ;美国同化了许多来自 欧洲国家的移民.

[25:03.57]We assimilate some kinds of food more easily than others. ;我们对某些种类的事物 比别的事物更容易吸收.

[25:06.73]authoritative [:'rit tiv] ;a.有权威的,可信的; 命令的,独断强制的

[25:08.15]That the moon moves around the earth ;月亮围绕地球运转,

[25:09.94]and the earth arounds the sun is an authoritative opinion. ;地球围绕太阳运转是 权威的观点.

[25:13.10]authorize [': raiz] ;vt.授权;批准

[25:14.60]I am authorized to act for the manager. ;我受委托代表经理行事.

[25:16.94]bypass ['baipa:s] ;n.旁路;小道;分流术; 旁通管 vt.绕过,绕…走; 越过,置…于不顾

[25:17.93]Let's bypass the town. ;我们绕过这座小镇子吧!

[25:19.56]correlate ['kr leit] ;vt.使相互关联 vi.(~to,~with) 相关,关联

[25:20.39]We should correlate theory with practice. ;我们必须把理论与 实践联系起来.

[25:22.64]The diameter and the circumference of a circle correlate. ;圆的直径和圆周率有 相互关系.

[25:25.89]corrode [k 'r ud] ;vi.使腐蚀,侵蚀,腐蚀

[25:26.89]Acid causes metal to corrode. ;酸会腐蚀金属.

[25:29.05]Iron corrodes easily. ;铁易生锈.

[25:30.72]corrupt [k 'rpt] ;a.腐败的,堕落的 vt.腐蚀,使腐败

[25:31.55]The businessman was sent to prison for try -ing to corrupt a tax official with money. ;那个商人因企图向税务 官员行贿而被判入狱.

[25:35.63]counterpart ['kaunt pa:t] ;n.与对方地位相当的人, 与另一方面作用相当 的物.

[25:36.63]Night is the counterpart of day. ;黑夜与白天相辅相成.

[25:38.47]The secretary of state is the counterpart of the foreign minister. ;国务卿相当于外交部长.

[25:41.88]drawback ['dr:bk] ;n.缺陷;不利条件;缺点

[25:43.13]In spite of all its drawbacks,CET Band 4 and CET Band 6 ;尽管有这样或那样的 缺点,但是大学英语 四级、六级考试

[25:47.47]greatly promote English teaching in colleges and universities. ;还是极大地促进了 大学的英语教学.

[25:50.97]dual ['dju: l] ;a.双的,二重的

[25:51.79]A Buick is a car with dual exhaust pipes. ;别克轿车是有 双排气管的汽车.

[25:54.47]dub [db] ;vt.起绰号;授予…以称 号;为(影片)配音, 译制(影片)

[25:55.38]Wang Wei was dubbed revolutionary martyr. ;王伟被授予 革命烈士称号.

[25:57.79]I don't like English films dubbed in Chinese. ;我不喜欢用中文配了音 的英语电影.

[26:00.55]expertise [奺ksp 'ti:z] ;n.专门技能;专门知识

[26:01.71]Modern college students must acquire technical expertise to survive in society. ;当代大学生要想在社会 上立足就必须有技术专 长.

[26:06.28]exquisite ['ekskwizit] ;a.精致的,精美的; 剧烈的,极度的; 敏锐的,有高度鉴赏力的

[26:07.38]A cancer patient usually suffers exquisite pain. ;癌症病人通常遭受 剧烈疼痛的折磨.

[26:10.78]He has exquisite tastes and manners. ;他有高尚的情趣和举止.

[26:13.28]fury ['fju ri] ;n.狂怒,暴怒; 狂暴,激烈

[26:14.28]He flew into a fury when I said I couldn't help him. ;当我说不能帮助他时, 他立刻暴跳如雷.

[26:17.29]At last the fury of the storm lessened. ;风暴的猛烈程度 终于降低了.

[26:19.79]fusion ['fju: n] ;n.合并,联合;何聚变

[26:20.87]This series of symphony is a fusion of several different styles of music. ;这一组交响乐是糅合几种 不同风格的乐曲而成的.

[26:24.45]This alloy is formed by the fusion of two types of metal. ;这种合金是用两种金属 熔和而成的.

[26:27.70]inventory ['inv nt:ri] ;n.详细目录,存货清单 vt.开清单;清点存货

[26:28.78]Some stores inventory their stock once a month. ;有些商店每月盘货一次.

[26:31.45]invert [in'v :t] ;vt.使倒转,使颠倒, 使转化

[26:32.45]The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty. ;魔术师把袋子由里向 外翻,表明里面是空的.

[26:35.61]Inflation inverts all the old canons of economics. ;通货膨胀把原有的经济 准则统统颠倒过来.

[26:39.02]irony ['ai r ni] ;n.反话,讽刺, 讽刺之事

[26:40.36]He is too slow to understand the irony of his opponent. ;他反应太迟钝,居然没 有听出对手的讽刺挖苦 之意.

[26:43.11]luminous ['lu:min s] ;a.发光的,明亮的

[26:44.11]It is said that there was a luminous UFO flying over New York City. ;有人说曾经有一个发光 的不明飞行物飞越纽约 市上空.

[26:47.93]mourn [m:n] ;vt.哀悼; (对…)感到痛心 (或遗憾)

[26:48.68]The whole nation mourned the death of the much-loved leader. ;举国上下哀悼这位 敬爱的领导人.

[26:51.59]proximity [prk'simiti] ;n.接近,邻近, 附近,临近

[26:52.68]Swift's major writings ;斯威夫特的主要作品

[26:53.93]have a proximity and a relevance that is splendidly invigorating. ;具有令人非常激动的 亲近感和现实意义.

[26:57.59]quench [kwent] ;vt.熄灭;扑灭; 抑制(欲望)

[26:58.68]The disapproval of my colleagues quenched my enthusiasm for the plan. ;同事们的反对减弱了我 对这项计划的热情.

[27:03.00]rot [rt] ;v.(使)腐烂,(使)腐败 n.腐烂,腐败

[27:03.75]The ripe fruit began to rot when no one came to pick it. ;没有人来摘这些成熟 的水果,它们已经开 始烂了.

[27:06.76]rotary ['r ut ri] ;a.旋转的,转动的

[27:07.76]Some large stores have rotary doors. ;有些大商场的大门是 旋转的.

[27:10.01]rupture ['rpt ] ;n.破裂,裂开; 断绝(关系等) v.使破裂

[27:11.18]Iran ruptured its diplomatic relations with Iraq. ;伊朗断绝了与伊拉克 的外交关系.

[27:14.34]streamline ['stri:mlain] ;vt.使成流线型; 使(企业、组织等) 简化并更有效率

[27:15.59]Now cars are streamlined for speed and beauty. ;为了提高速度、增强美 观,现在小轿车均采用 流线型设计.

[27:17.92]stumble ['stmb l] ;vi.绊倒,蹒跚; 结巴地说话

[27:18.92]I stumbled over a stone and fell. ;我在石头上绊了一下, 跌倒了.

[27:21.34]sue [su:,sju:] ;vi.控告,向…请求,请愿 vt.控告,起诉

[27:22.17]The Palestinians sued for peace. ;巴勒斯坦人祈求和平.

[27:24.34]suffice [s 'fais] ;vt./vi.足够,有能力

[27:25.59]One glass of beer should suffice me. ;一杯啤酒就够我喝了.

[27:27.59]No words will suffice to convey my grief. ;没有言语能够表达 我的悲伤.

[27:30.42]tumble ['tmb l] ;n.跌倒;摔倒 vi.跌倒,滚翻; (价格等)暴跌

[27:31.57]Owning to the Asian financial crisis the stock prices tumbled in the world. ;由于亚洲金融危机 全球股价暴跌.

[27:35.65]When a baby is just learning to walk,he will often tumble over. ;幼儿刚学走路时 会经常跌倒.

[27:39.25]turnover ['t :n uv ] ;n.营业额,销售量; 人员调整;人员更新.

[27:40.25]The textile export turnover has been increased 67% this year in China. ;中国的纺织品出口额 今年增长了67%.

[27:45.09]vocal ['v uk l] ;a.喜欢畅所欲言的, 直言不讳的; 嗓音的,发声的

[27:46.00]A cricket's chirps are not vocal;they are made by rubbing the legs. ;蟋蟀的鸣声不是从嗓 子发出的,而是通过 摩擦双腿发出来的.

[27:50.25]We were very vocal about our rights. ;我们直言不讳地表达了 我们应有的权利.

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