饮食与营养 第113期:同一个健康问题的探讨(06)

发表时间:2017-12-07内容来源:VOA英语学习网

So we do use a SMART surveillance which is really a targeted, a adaptive surveillance

我们采用的是SMART监控,这是一种针对性和适应性很强的监控

And we started out with modeling looking at what do we know from the past

从建模开始观察过去的情况

what do we know about disease events that happened before

看关于原来的疾病事件,我们了解什么

what do we know about mammal diversity and human population density that can predict where are the most likely areas for diseases to emerge

看哺乳动物多样性和人类人口密度,以此预测最可能发生疾病的地区

So that's how we've targeted the countries we work in and the interfaces that are there

这就是标的国家及接触点的选择理由

We now go out and we do the fieldwork

之后到当地进行实地工作

That's where our teams are currently working, in these 21 countries

这也就是我们团队正在工作的21个国家

Based on what we find in the field, we can then do the laboratory diagnostics and developing new assays as well

根据实地考察结果,可以进行实验室诊断并开发出新模型

To try and say, okay, based on what we've found, we need to adapt

然后根据发现成果重新适应

we need to change our interface that we're looking at or based on a new pathogen that's detected

或许需要改变接触点位置,这要根据新病原体发现情况

So it can be a feedback and a complete loop, so that we can hopefully change as the world changes around us

这能够形成反馈和循环,让我们随时能和世界的改变同步

And really it comes back to the importance of early detection, right?

这种早期检测非常重要,对吗?

The earlier that we can find a new pathogen the easier it is to prevent the spread

新病原体发现越早,预防其传播就会越容易

that then can become an exponential problem around the world

越容易避免造成全球高速传播的灾难

So if you look at the current timeline

看一下时间轴

I wonder what slides these are

这到底是什么幻灯片

You're looking at what would normally take maybe 24 days, until you could get the detection and response to the outbreak of events

一般的方法是取24天,直到检测到事件暴发并作出反应

But our goal really is just screwed it up

而我们要加速进行

If we know more about what's going on in the pathogen populations before an outbreak even occurs

我们希望在事件暴发前了解更多病原体的情况

then we can respond to that much quicker

并更快作出反应

And you can see the difference here really is that you prevent over a larger part

从这里,可以明显看到差别预防的概率面会更大

The yellow part here shows what might be prevented, if you can move the timeline up for actual response to a new outbreak

也就是黄色这部分,应对事件暴发的时间往前提了

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20171207/517638.html