英语四级高分必备500关键句第363期:完型语法(363)

发表时间:2017-10-30内容来源:VOA英语学习网

363. It is reported that Uruguay understands and backs China on human rights issues.

英语四级译文:

据报道,乌拉圭在人权问题上理解并支持中国。

四级词汇讲解:

back在该句中作动词,意为“支持”。

A lot of my friends backed my plan.许多朋友支持我的计划。

issue在句中作名词,指“问题;事件”,通常指国际上发生的大事或正在讨论的事情。如:

The book on international issues is published by Foreign Languages Press.这本国际问题方面的书是外文出版社出版的。

英语四级考点归纳:

与It is reported that…类似,动作的发出者不作为主语出现,而用被动

句式表示客观评价语气的习惯说法还有:

※ It is requested that…意为“要求……”。如:

It is requested that all members be present at the meeting.要求全体成员出席此次会议。

※ It must be pointed out that…意为“必须指出……”。

It must be pointed out that the falling market leaves us little or no margin.必须指出的是,市价跌落使我们的利润微乎其微,甚至为零。

※ It is asserted that…意为“有人主张……”。如:

It is asserted that popularly elected presidents are more powerful and more dangerous for democratic consolidation than those elected by the assembly.有人认为,公众选举的总统比通过国会选举出的总统权力更大,但也更容易危及民主的巩固。

※ It is noticed that…意为“有人注意到……”。如:

It is noticed that Tom sneaked out of the classroom in the middle of the lecture.有人注意到,汤姆在讲座中途溜出了教室。

※ It is supposed that…意为“据推测……”。

It is supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps.据推测,大型恐龙栖居于沼泽地中。

※ It is generally considered that…意为“人们普遍认为……”。

It is generally considered that terrorism is a danger to society.人们普遍认为,恐怖主义是社会的危险。

※ It has been proved that...意为“已证明...”。如:

It has been proved by many scientific researches that the usage of doping can result in serious harm to health.很多科学研究证明,使用兴奋剂会严重危害人体健康。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20171030/506765.html