Parents renting homes in Beijing will have an opportunity to send their children to local schools under a government proposal that stands to transform the lives of migrant families whose offspring are currently educated in their hometowns.


The plan, designed to cool property prices in China’s top cities and avert further pressure on the country’s debt-laden financial system, will remove what is now one of the biggest incentives for migrants to buy rather than rent.


Currently, migrants working and renting in Beijing lack a local hukou — the household registration stamp that enables them to use public services such as health and education. Many of their children attend schools in their parents’ hometowns, often thousands of kilometres away.


Alternatively, migrants can secure a Beijing school place by buying a home in the capital and meeting other CRIteria. This has fuelled property prices in the capital where prices have risen almost 10 per cent over the past year. But under the draft policy, released last week, migrants renting would be eligible for a school place if they meet certain CRIteria.


DesCRIbing the move as “highly significant”, Shen Jianguang, chief economist at investment group Mizuho Securities Asia, said: “It will reduce the need to purchase at any cost, which will gradually change people’s attitudes and reduce housing speculation.”

投资集团瑞穗证券亚洲(Mizuho Securities Asia)的首席经济学家沈建光认为此举“意义重大”,他说:“它将降低人们不惜一切代价买房的必要性,这将逐渐改变人们的态度,并减少住房投机。”

Following several rounds of measures to cool the market, home price growth in China’s major cities has slowed, according to official statistics released on Friday. Prices of Beijing’s commercially-sold residential housing fell 0.1 per cent compared with the previous month, but were still up 9.6 per cent year on year.


Beijing’s proposal could affect those living in up to 1.5m rental properties — each of which can hold dozens of people in dormitories — according to figures from Lianjia House Agency, one of the city’s top property rental platforms. Officials and analysts describe the market as an under-developed “wild west”.

北京的新政可能影响那些租房居住的人们,据北京最大的房地产租赁平台之一链家网(Lianjia House Agency)的数据显示,北京有多达150万套房屋出租,每套房作为宿舍可以容纳十多人居住。官员们和分析师们将这一市场描述为发展不足的“狂野西部”。

Of the capital’s 22m residents, two-thirds lack the coveted hukou status that gives them full rights as citizens — most importantly, access to state pensions, public hospitals and local schools.


Although attempts have been made to reform the hukou system, major cities have previously been exempted. Instead, Beijing has been tough on migrants, seeing them as overcrowding the city, recently launching a population-capping policy that was designed to chase out migrant workers.


Across China, 250m migrant workers are locked out of local public services by the hukou system, meaning that millions of children must live far from their parents.


Last month the national government issued a statement naming 12 pilot cities for testing out pro-rental policies, and also urged state-owned enterprises to fund and establish more home rental companies.


Following the national announcement, Guangzhou, a manufacturing hub in south China, recently issued a similar rental policy to Beijing’s, helping migrant workers who rent.


来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170913/493675.html