你问我答学英语 第059期:also这个词应该放在哪里?

发表时间:2017-09-12内容来源:VOA英语学习网

Hello - thanks for writing in.

你好,感谢你的来信。

This is a good question but I'm afraid it's got a difficult answer:

这个问题很好,但可能回答起来有点难度:

grammatically, also can be put in lots of different places in a sentence,

从语法上来说,also这个单词可以放在句子中许多不同的位置,

but changing its place will also change the meaning and emphasis of the sentence.

但是改变它的位置,也会改变句子的意思和重点。

First of all, let's discuss the role of also – what does it do?

首先,让我们来谈一谈also这个词的角色--它有何作用?

Well, it helps us to join two ideas together.

恩,它可以把两个观点结合起来。

It has the same meaning as 'too' or 'as well'.

它有着和“too”以及“as well”相同的含义。

As far as the placing of also is concerned, have a look at these example sentences which are all grammatically correct:

就also的位置而言,我们可以看看下面这些例句,它们从语法上来说都是正确的。

Also, I think that you should consider quitting your job.

此外,我觉得你应该考虑辞掉工作。

I also think that you should consider quitting your job.

我还觉得你应该考虑辞掉工作。

I think that you also should consider quitting your job.

我觉得你也应该考虑辞掉工作。

I think that you should also consider quitting your job.

我觉得你应该也考虑一下辞掉工作。

I think that you should consider also quitting your job.

我觉得你应该考虑也把工作给辞了。

I think that you should consider quitting your job also.

我觉得你应该考虑把工作也辞了。

That's right, it can go in lots of places!

没错,它能放在很多位置上!

As I said before, changing the position alters the emphasis and meaning of the sentence.

就像我之前说的,改变位置就会改变句子的重点和意义。

As it is an adverb, it's probably most commonly used next to a verb,

因为also是一个副词,所以它多数情况都会紧邻动词,

but as you have heard, this isn't fixed if you particularly want to stress another part of the sentence.

但是你刚才已经听到了,如果你特别想要强调句子的另一部分,那它的位置就不固定了。

Basically, you put also next to or as close as possible to the word that you are highlighting.

一般来说,你要把also放在需要强调的单词旁边,或者尽可能放在那个单词附近。

Another important thing to note is that the use of commas (when written) or pauses (when spoken) can again change the meaning of the sentence. Compare these:

另一个需要注意的重点是书面语中的逗号或口语中的停顿也能改变句子的意思。比较下面两个句子:

a) I also think that it is very expensive.

a) 我还觉得这很贵。

b) I, also, think that it is very expensive.

b) 我也觉得这很贵。

Which one of these implies that the speaker has already told you something else they think?

上面这两句话,哪一句暗示了说话人已经告诉了你他们的其他观点?

The answer is (a) I also think that it is very expensive.

答案是(a):我还觉得这很贵。

Sentence (b) I, also, think that it is very expensive suggests that someone else has already expressed this opinion.

句子(b)“我也觉得这很贵。”说明其他人已经表达过这一观点。

Basically you need to remember that we use 'also' to add information to something we have already said

总的来说,你需要记住,我们用also是要在我们已经说过的内容上增加一些信息,

and you need to place it in the sentence next to the thing or idea that you are adding.

你需要把它放在句子中你要补充的事情或者观点的旁边。

I hope this makes it clear!

希望我已经说清楚了!

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170912/493411.html