常听常新的英语酷词 第55期:e- 电子前缀

发表时间:2017-09-11内容来源:VOA英语学习网

In a vote, in 1998, the American Dialect Society looked for "the new word that was most likely to succeed."

在1998年的一场投票中,美国方言协会试图寻找“最有可能成功的新词。”

And they had an accolade - "the word of the year".

之后该协会就对此起了一个称号--“年度词汇”。

And that particular year, it wasn't a word at all, it was 'e-', e hyphen, the prefix, meaning electronic of course,

在那一年,胜出的根本不是一个单词,而是'e-',字母e加一个连字符,是一个前缀,意思是电子的

as you'll find it in e-mail for instance, these days, a lot.

现在你可以在像电子邮件这类的单词当中发现这个前缀。

Well, why did they think it was going to be such a successful development?

那么为什么该协会认为这个前缀将会取得成功呢?

Well, because in the mid-1990s they had noticed,

这是因为在二十世纪九十年代中期,

the American Dialect Society had noticed how many people were starting to use this e- prefix and applying it to all kinds of circumstances.

美国方言协会已经注意到有很多人开始使用e-这个前缀,并将其应用到各种各样的情景当中。

And in the 1990s you got all these developments: e-books (electronic books); e-voting (electronic voting);

在二十世纪九十年代,你可以看到这些发展的事物:电子书;电子投票

you could get a loan from a company by e-mail, and it would be an e-loan.

你还可以通过电子邮件从一家公司获得贷款,它就会成为电子贷款。

There were e-newsletters, e-securities, e-shopping, hundreds more.

此外,还有电子时事新闻、电子证券、电子购物等上百种事物。

And people after a while began to play with the word - you will have heard this too: you know about retail and retailing.

不久之后,人们开始使用这个前缀。你也已经听说过下面这些了:正如你所了解的retail(零售)和retailing(零售行业)

Well, now you can have e-tail and e-tailing, because that's retail shopping over the internet.

现如今,你学会了网上零售和网上零售行业这些词,因为零售店出现在了互联网上。

And of course, it didn't take long before people started to complain about the way in which it was over-used.

当然,没过多长时间,人们就开始抱怨这个前缀使用过度了。

In fact, a couple of years later, one of the big internet magazines said,

事实上,仅仅几年之后,一本大型互联网杂志就表示,

"This is a word, this is a prefix that has to go! Everybody is using it too much."

“这个单词、这个前缀必须禁止使用了。所有人都在滥用它。”

Well, it hasn't gone - it's here to stay. E-speak is the future!

但是它并没有被禁止,现在我们还在使用它。e-这种陈述就是未来!

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170911/493224.html