NBA伟大教练的五大特质

发表时间:2017-09-11内容来源:VOA英语学习网

5 Keys to Being a Great Basketball Coach!!!

成为顶尖篮球教练的五个要点!!!

If you want your youth basketball team to have an All-Star experience all season, there are a wide range of ideals you need to focus on to make the experience as positive as possible. Here are five ways that you can be an All-Star basketball coach.

如果你想带着你的小伙子们享受一个全明星级别的赛季,你要注意的东西可就多啦!而且,你的工作可不仅仅止于“完成“它们,你还要始终如一的保持着积极地态度。接下来,我们将向你介绍成为全明星级教练的五个关键!

All-Star Qualities

全明星气质

Sportsmanship—Remember basic courtesy and good manners? Use your practices and games to reinforce these basic principles. Make sure your players can give a firm handshake with eye contact to officials and opposing coaches, as well as a high five to opposing players.

体育道德——你还记得一些基本的礼貌和品德吗?你需要在训练和比赛中不断在球员心里强化这些基本原则。你要确保你的球员会和球队官员和对方教练体面的握握手,并且会和他们有些眼神交流。他们需要不断熟悉这些礼仪,直到他们对这些繁文缛节熟悉得就像和对方球员击掌一样。

Teamwork—Teach your players that "we over me" is what most often leads to "us over them," in team sports competition. Encourage your players to be selfless and supportive teammates in both losing and winning efforts.

团队合作——告诉你的球员,在团队比赛中,“团队至上”的理念才是最能激发出“我们比他们强”的信条。无论比赛是输是赢,你都要鼓励你的队员成为无私奉献、可以信赖的队友。

Positive Attitude—Life is not fair and basketball is worse. Help your players get over it and still do what they need to do to succeed. Playing sports is one the best ways to practice overcoming adversity and preparing to handle tough times in life. Humor helps!

积极地态度——生活是不公平的,篮球更是。你要帮助你的球员克服这些不公,让他们能够在通往成功的道路上坚持前进。体育运动本就是练习克服逆境、为应对生命之艰的最佳方法之一。幽默便是一剂良方!

Respect—Pay it forward and get it back. How a coach interacts with other adults--coaches, parents and officials--will naturally influence the behavior of your players. Be mindful that you are a role model and are always being watched. Insist that your players respect coaches, officials and opponents--like you do. Have the courage to enforce your rules with every player and parent involved with your team.

尊重——如果你想获得别人的尊重,那你首先要对别人尊重。一名教练与其他成年人——教练、父母和官员——相互交流沟通的方式自然会影响你球员的行为。永远记住你是一个榜样,是你的球员学习的典范。你一定要让你的球员学会尊重教练、官员和对手--就像你一样。你需要有勇气去制定一套自己的规则,并且让球队中的每一个人、每一个球员,还有家长,都认真地遵守。

Coaching

驾驭能力

Philosophy—Want a surefire way to be a great youth coach? Lighten up! Here's a tip. Not one of your games will be Game 7 of the NBA Finals. Billions of people don't even know you exist, let alone feel that your practices and games are important. Recreational league and even elite travel team coaches should understand that kids want to play sports and to have FUN! Let your players figure things out. Ask questions, but don't give instruction or answers. Stop teaching so much and give your players a chance to learn. Watching them grow will be fun for you too!

球场哲学——你想能成为一个伟大的青年队教练吗?听好了!这是要点。你指挥的比赛并不是NBA总决赛的抢七大战。数十亿人甚至不知道你的存在。这种观点会让你觉得的练习和比赛都重要。无论是消遣式的联盟还是精英旅游团队的教练都应该明白,孩子们是想玩体育,并从中获取快乐!让你的球员独立思考。抛给他们一个问题,但不要给出指令或答案。不要总是教他们,要给你的球员自主学习的机会。看着他们成长对你来说也会很有趣!

Communication—Have a team meeting to start the first practice of the season, or as soon as possible thereafter. Limit your postgame analysis to positive things that occurred in the game and deal with what went wrong by establishing a specific goal to work on starting at the next practice. Ask parents to delay or even eliminate the dreaded postgame interview with their child. When you need to correct a player, use the "compliment sandwich" State something positive the player did well, give a very specific correction, then restate the first positive thing.

交流——用一个球队会议作为赛季的第一次训练,或者在第一次训练之后尽早开一个。尽量少发表你自己对于比赛、问题和改进方案的看法,而是通过建立一个具体的目标,作为接下来的球队训练与比赛中所要达到的目标。要求家长推后甚至不要和他们的孩子对在赛后对比赛进行一些该死的讨论。当你需要矫正一个球员,无论是技术还是思想,记得用“赞美三明治”的方法。表扬一些在这方面做的很好的球员,给出一个非常具体的改进方法,最后再将这一点重申一遍。

Continuing Education—All-star coaching requires continuing education. I have been privileged to learn the game of basketball from seven coaches who are in the Basketball Hall of Fame. Each one of them was always striving to learn more. In your efforts to learn, make sure the substance of the material is appropriate for the skill, age and maturity(成熟) level of the players that you coach.

继续教育——一位全明星教练需要不断的学习。我很荣幸能从七位名人堂教练学习如何执教。他们中的每一个人都会努力的学习更多知识。在你努力学习的过程中,你要确保你所学习的材料的内容与你所执教的球员的技能、年龄和成熟程度相适应。

Use Resources—There are several organizations that offer assistance to youth coaches. Do an online search for youth coaching information sources. Read books, watch videos and attend coaching clinics in-person whenever possible. One hour online could make you a better coach.

运用资源——现在有几个专门为青年队教练提供援助的机构,你可以尝试向他们寻求一些帮助。你也可以在网上搜索一些有关如何成为一名优秀的青年队教练的信息。看书,看视频,亲自参加教练诊所,你要尽可能提升自己的执教能力。即便是一个小时的线上学习都能帮你提升不少。

Practices

训练

Play to learn, play to practice, and you will win when you play in games. Remember how much fun you had growing up when you used to just go outside and play with your friends? We advocate using the "compete to learn" approach to practice--it lets kids play and have fun while competing. This type of practice, using competitive drills, does a better job of preparing players to compete in real games. Technically, this is called transference. What you do in practice carries over into what you do in games.

在玩中学习,在玩中训练,于是,当你“玩”比赛的时候,你就能获得比赛的胜利。还记得你过去经常和朋友出去玩的时候,你有多开心吗?我们提倡用“竞争学习”的方法来进行球队训练——这种方法让孩子们能够好好地玩耍,并在彼此的相互竞争中获得乐趣。这种训练方式,利用竞争性训练,能更好让球员为真正的比赛做准备。所谓的竞争转移,说的就是这么回事。你怎么在训练中做,在比赛中你还会这么做。

Individual Skills—Want to improve your team's ball handling? Games like dribble knockout are very popular. Every player must have his or her own basketball. Coach starts the game. Every player must dribble constantly, stay in-bounds and try to knock the ball away from all other players in the game.

个人技术——想提高球队的控球技术?像游戏一样的运球淘汰赛在球员中很受欢迎。每一个球员都必须独自持球,当教练宣布比赛开始之后,每个球员需要不断运球,保持在界内,并试图把别人的球抄走。

Lose control of your basketball or go out-of-bounds, and you're eliminated. Boundaries for 10-12 players could start as half the court. After several players are eliminated, the boundary is reduced to only inside the 3-point area. Boundary is reduced again to the free-throw lane. Finally, when there are just two players left, they play the "finals" in the free throw half circle.

如果你的球被抄掉了或者自己出界,那你就被淘汰了。10-12球员最好在半场范围内进行这种训练。几名球员被淘汰后,训练区域便缩小到只在三分线之内。随着球员不断被淘汰,训练区域就缩小到三秒区内。最后,当只剩下两名球员时,他们将只能在一般的三秒区内进行“总决赛”。

Team Concepts—Run half your offense by playing 2-on-2 or 3-on-3 restricted to one side of the floor. For example, make even (by size/ability) teams and conduct a 10-minute tournament using an action like the pick and roll. Allow for 20-second timeouts and allow players teach themselves how to make the play work.

团队概念——在半场范围内进行2V2或者3V3对抗。例如,根据身材或是技术,将球员分成实力平均的两队,进行一场十分钟的教学赛,用以练习一个特定战术,比如说挡拆切入。并且,你还可以给他们请求20秒短暂停的机会,这可以给他们自主学习的机会。

Game Strategy

比赛策略

Keep It Simple System (KISS)—Basketball is a simple game. Keep it simple! If you are a regular reader of instructional material, you might think that you need to have lots of practice drills and a complicated or intricate system to win games. No, you don't. Establish one or two alignments and three or four actions, and that's it.

至简系统——篮球是一项简单的游戏。所以一定要保持简单!如果你经常阅读战术教学材料,你可能会认为你需要进行大量的练习和复杂的战术来赢得比赛。但实际上,你并不需要。建立一到两个默契组合和三到四个的战术,这就够了。

At the youth level or even in the NBA, most successful coaches try to have their team master a few simple things. 8-10 year olds can do this successfully. Try KISS at your next practice and even in your next game, your team will show instant improvement!

在青年队层面,甚至在NBA层面上,最成功的教练只需要自己的球队掌握一些最简单的战术。这些战术,8-10岁的孩子都能做的很好。在你的下一此训练,甚至在你的下一场比赛中尝试一下这个至简系统,你的球队肯定会有立竿见影的进步!

Simple Transition Offense (Fast break/press break)—Score a lay-up in less than five seconds without dribbling.

简单的攻防转换(用以训练快攻、压迫性防守)—没有运球,五秒内结束进攻。

Simple Half-Court Offense (Ball movement/teamwork)—Everyone must catch and make a pass before anyone can shoot!

简易半场对抗(用以训练控球和团队合作)——在出手之前,每个球员都必须拿球并传球一次。

The Best Offense Ever Designed—Give the ball to Michael Jordan and get out of the way. You can't get much more simple than that! However, that is an actual "play," as it is part of the "complicated" triangle offense. The triangle is a patterned motion offense that has several basic actions such as give and go, pick and roll and give the ball to Michael and get out of the way -- otherwise known as a clearout.

最佳进攻战术永远是精心设计的——把球传给迈克尔乔丹,让他解决一切。看起来没有比这更简单的战术!然而,这却是一个明确的战术执行。乔丹拿球解决战斗是公牛队“复杂”的三角进攻战术的一部分。三角进攻是一个图形化的动态进攻,有着明确的环节,比如持球运球跑位,挡拆和传球给乔丹,然后结束进攻。如果没有这些必要的环节,那么这便不能称之为明确的进攻战术。

By the way, that offense has won nine NBA championships and you, even as a youth recreational league coach, can run some of its actions to win games in your league.

顺便说一下,这个进攻战术已经赢得了九次NBA总冠军,而你,虽然只是一个青年娱乐联盟教练,也可以通过这种战术在联赛中赢得一些胜利。

Make All-Star Memories

留下全明星的记忆

The experience of playing on a youth sports team can affect a child's development as a person. How will you affect your player's communication, cooperation, goal setting and work ethic? How will your players remember this experience 10 years from now? Most won't remember the score.

在青年队的经验可以影响一个孩子的成长。那你将如何影响你的球员的沟通能力,合作能力,目标设定和职业道德?10年后你的队员们会怎么回忆这次经历?我猜他们最不会记得的就是比分了。

If your team employs the ritual of getting together after every game for ice cream or pizza, takes a field trip to a college or pro game, or attends a movie together, your players will remember those good times long after they forget the score of the game. Parents sometimes enjoy these social events more than the kids.

如果你的球队在每场比赛之后都聚在一起吃冰淇淋或披萨,一起去参观大学或是看一场职业比赛,一起看场电影,那你的球员们很多年后即便会忘记比赛比分,但还会记住那些美好的时光。父母有时会比孩子们更喜欢这些社交活动。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170911/493106.html