英语四级高分必备500关键句第332期:完型语法(332)

发表时间:2017-08-12内容来源:VOA英语学习网

332. John cannot afford to go to university, not to speak of going abroad.

英语四级译文:

约翰连大学都上不起,更别提出国留学了。

四级词汇讲解:

not to speak of为“不用说”,相当于not to mention。但是二者并不完全一样:not to mention后面可以接句子,而not to speak of后面只能接名词或名词性短语。如:

※ We're too busy to take a long holiday this year, not to mention the fact that we can't afford it.我们今年太忙,不能去度长假,更何况我们也出不起这笔钱。

※ The boy hasn't learned arithmetic, not to speak of algebra.这孩子算术还没学会,更别说代数了。

英语四级考点归纳:

与not to speak of和not to mention含义相近的短语还有much less,但是much less只能修饰带否定含义的句子,而not to mention则没有这个限制。如:

※ At the age of fourteen I had never even been on a train,much less an aircraft.14岁的时候,我还没有坐过火车,更别提坐飞机了。

※ He's one of the kindest and most intelligent, not to mention handsome,men I know.他是我认识的人当中最善良、最聪明的,不用说,他也是最帅的。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170812/484442.html