美国学生历史 第203期:The year 1863(03)

发表时间:2017-08-12内容来源:VOA英语学习网

417. Gettysburg, July 1, 1863.

417.葛底斯堡(1863年7月1日)

Meade now moved the Union army toward Lee's line of communication with Virginia. Lee at once drew back. Both armies moved toward Gettysburg, where the roads leading southward came together. In this way the two armies came into contact on July 1, 1863. The Southerners were in stronger force at the moment and drove the Union soldiers back through the town to the high land called Cemetery Ridge. This was a remarkably strong position, with Culp's Hill at one end of the line and the Round Tops at the other end. Meade determined to fight the battle at that spot and hurried up all his forces.

此时米德率部向李将军与弗吉尼亚之间的交通线进军,李将军立刻回撤,双方都向葛底斯堡进发,那里通向南方各条道路的汇合处。这样,1863年7月1日两军相遇,此时南方联盟军的火力较强,他们将联邦士兵从葛底斯堡赶到一处叫"瑞枝公墓"的地方,这个地方一端是卡尔普山,另一端是圆形的制高点,相当坚固。米德决定在这个地方开战,并匆匆摆开阵势。

418. Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.

418.葛底斯堡(1863年7月2日)

At first matters seemed to go badly with the Union army. Its left flank extended forward from Little Round Top into the fields at the foot of the ridge. The Confederates drove back this part of the Union line. But they could not seize Little Round Top. On this day also the Confederates gained a foothold on Culp's Hill.

开始时似乎形式非常不利于联邦军队,从小高地延伸到山脊下面旷野的这块腹地没有设防,南方联盟军从这里迫使联邦军后退,但是他们没能夺取小高地,就在这一天南方同盟军也在卡尔普山脚下找到一处立足之地。

419. Gettysburg, July 3, 1863.

419.葛底斯堡(1863年7月3日)

Early on this morning the Union soldiers drove the Confederates away from Culp's Hill and held the whole ridge. Now again, as at Malvern Hill, Lee had fought the Army of the Potomac to a standstill.

一大早,联邦军将南方联盟军赶下卡尔普山,并占领整个山脊。如同在莫尔文山一样,李将军的军队与波特马克军战斗到白热化状态,

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