语法宝典:指示代词用法辨析

发表时间:2017-07-05内容来源:VOA英语学习网

1. that和those可替代前面出现的名词以避免重复,而this和these不能。如:

The weather of Guangzhou is better than that of Beijing.广州的天气比北京的天气好。

The books here are more interesting than those on the desk.这边的这些书比桌上的那些书更有趣。

2. that和those可作定语从句的先行词,但this和 these不能;其中those可指人,但that不能。如:

He admired that which looked beautiful.他赞赏那件外表漂亮的东西。

He admired those which looked beautiful.他赞赏那些外表漂亮的东西。

He admired those who looked beautiful他赞赏那些外表漂亮的人。

3. this, these是时间或空间上的“近指”,可与here连用;that, those是时间或空间上的“远指”,可与there连用。

4. 指上文提到的事一般用that,有时也用this,指下文的事只能用this。如:

How to deal with it, that/this is the question.如何处理此事,这就是问题所在。

This is the question, how to deal with it.这是个问题:如何处理此事。(不能用that)

5. 打电话时,用this来介绍自己,用that来问对方是谁,不用I或you。如:

-Who’s that?-This is Mary speaking.―你是哪位?―我是玛丽。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170705/472592.html