语法宝典:指示代词的几点用法说明

发表时间:2017-07-05内容来源:VOA英语学习网

1. 指示代词的基本用法

指示代词包括this, that, these, those等,它们在句中既可用作代词,也可用作形容词。一般说来,this, these表“近指”,,而that, those则“远指”。

2. 指示代词指上文还是指下文

指上文提到的事多用that,有时用this,指下文的事只能用this。如:

—He was nearly drowned once.

—When was ________?

—________was in 1998 when he was in middle school.

A. that; It B. this; This C. this; It D. that; This

答案是A。指上文提到的事多用that,it指时间。

3. 电话用语中的指示代词

在电话用语中指自己用this,指对方用that,不用I或you。如:

“Who’s that?” “This is Mary speaking.”“你是哪位?”“我是玛丽。”

4. 指示代词受定语从句的修饰

指示代词that, those后可接定语从句,一般说来,that后接which引导的定语从句,those后接who引导的定语从句。如:

They say the only real knowledge is that which can be measured. 据说唯一真实的知识是可以检验的知识。

Only those who had booked in advance were allowed in. 只有那些预先订票的人可以进去。

5. 指示代词用作替代词

that, those有时可用作替代词,用以替代前面提到过的人或事物。如:

My seat is next to that of the mayor. 我的座位在市长座位旁边。

Waves of red light are about twice as long as those of blue light. 红色光线的波长约为蓝色波长的两倍。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170705/472591.html