美国学生历史 第171期:1860年的美国(01)

发表时间:2017-06-19内容来源:VOA英语学习网

Chapter 35

第35章

The United States in 1860

1860年的美国

361. Growth of the Country.

361.国家的发展

The United States was now three times as large as it was at Jefferson's election. It contained over three million square miles of land. About one-third of this great area was settled. In the sixty years of the century the population had increased even faster than the area had increased. In 1800 there were five and a half million people living in the United States. In 1860 there were over thirty-one million people within its borders. Of these nearly five millions were white immigrants. More than half of these immigrants had come in the last ten years, and they had practically all of them settled in the free states of the North. Of the whole population of thirty-one millions only twelve millions lived in the slave states, and of these more than four millions were negro slaves.

此时美国的领土是杰斐逊当选总统时的三倍,有300多万平方英里,在这一大片区域中三分之一已经有人居住;近60年来人口以前所未有的速度增长,1800年美国有550万人,而1860年美国本土已经有3100万人口,这些人当中近500万人是白种人移民,而这些移民中半数以上是近10年才到来的。特别是,他们都居住在北方的三个自由州,在全部3100万人口中仅仅1200万人生活在蓄奴州,这些奴隶中有400多万是黑奴。

362. Change of Political Power.

362.政治权力的变革

The control of Congress had now passed into the hands of the free states of the North. The majority of the Representatives had long been from the free states. Now more Senators came from the North than from the South. This was due to the admission of new states. Texas (1845) was the last slave state to be admitted to the Union. Two years later the admission of Wisconsin gave the free states as many votes in the Senate as the slave states had.

现在国家政治权力转交给北方自由州的手中,大多数代表都是来自自由州。这时候来自北方的参议员在人数上超过来自南方的参议员,这主要是由于接受一些新的州造成。得克萨斯是最后一个被接受加入联邦的蓄奴州(1848年)。两年后,威斯康星加入联邦使得自由州和蓄奴州的票数相同。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170619/467311.html