NPR新闻[翻译]:特朗普基金会解散 被指用于个人利益

发表时间:2018-12-20内容来源:VOA英语学习网

The Trump Foundation will soon shut its doors. President Trump has used the tax-exempt organization for everything from charitable giving to political publicity. Now it's going to be dissolved as a result of a lawsuit by the New York State attorney general, Barbara Underwood. NPR's Peter Overby reports.

PETER OVERBY, BYLINE: This is a victory for Attorney General Underwood, who sued the Donald J. Trump Foundation last spring. The suit will continue. It alleges the foundation was run to benefit Trump's personal and business interests and his presidential campaign. Amy Spitalnick is a spokeswoman for Underwood.

AMY SPITALNICK: The Trump Foundation truly served as little more than a checkbook to serve President Trump's business and political interests.

OVERBY: And she described the goal of dissolving it.

SPITALNICK: To ensure that the remaining dollars in the foundation's bank accounts are distributed to legitimate organizations that truly serve a charitable purpose.

OVERBY: Trump launched the foundation in 1987. Charitable foundations like this are typically a way for the wealthy to funnel some of their riches into good works. Alan Futerfas, the foundation's lawyer, said that over the past decade, 56 percent of its money came from Trump's wealthy friends and other donors. Washington Post reporter David Fahrenthold received a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of the Trump Foundation. In 2016, he explained Trump's approach to NPR Fresh Air host Terry Gross.

[SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST]

DAVID FAHRENTHOLD: He lives in a world where socially and commercially he couldn't not give to charity because he does, you know — his social life revolves around charity balls and also because so much of his business revolves around charity.

OVERBY: Fahrenthold said Trump does give money away up to a point.

[SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST]

FAHRENTHOLD: It seems like he uses the foundation to sort of get over the minimum amount.

OVERBY: But much of the foundation money was used more pragmatically. It bought a portrait of Trump to hang in one of his golf course clubhouses, payments to settle lawsuits against Trump and, in 2013, a timely political contribution — $25,000 to a powerful Florida politician, Attorney General Pam Bondi. At the time, she was weighing whether to investigate allegations of consumer fraud against the Trump University program for would-be real estate investors. She decided to stay out of it and later told a press conference she'd done nothing wrong in taking the money.

[SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE]

PAM BONDI: There was nothing improper about it, so there was no reason to return in.

OVERBY: But charitable foundations can't make political contributions. The Trump Foundation paid a $2,500 fine to the IRS. The foundation's role in politics may have hit its peak a few nights before the Iowa Republican caucuses in January 2016. It ran a charity fundraiser for veterans done under direction of Trump's campaign operatives. Trump had decided to counterprogram against a candidate debate he wanted to avoid.

[SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING]

PRESIDENT Donald Trump: Is it for me personally a good thing, a bad thing? Will I get more votes? Will I get less votes? Nobody knows. Who the hell knows? But it's for our vets, and you're going to like it because we raised over $5 million in one day.

[CHEERING]

OVERBY: Robert Weissman, president of the watchdog group Public Citizen, said the foundation's campaign activities foreshadowed Trump's approach to governing.

ROBERT WEISSMAN: The idea he thinks the rules can be ignored and that he can use any corporate structure, any legal structure, any legal office to advance his own narrow self-interest — that's the theme of the Trump presidency.

OVERBY: Alan Futerfas, the foundation's lawyer, today complained in a statement that the Trumps themselves had tried to dismantle the foundation for almost two years, but they were blocked by the attorney general's office. Now there's a different plan. The foundation's assets will be given away to some noNPRofit groups to be proposed by the foundation and approved by the AG's office. Peter Overby, NPR News, Washington.

参考译文:

特朗普基金会很快就会关闭。从慈善捐助到政治宣传,特朗普总统利用这个免税组织开展各种活动。现在,作为纽约州总检察长芭芭拉·安德伍德所提起诉讼的结果,该基金会将被解散。NPR新闻的彼得·奥弗比将带来详细报道。

彼得·奥弗比连线:这是总检察长安德伍德的胜利,她在去年春天对唐纳德·约翰·特朗普基金会提起诉讼。这起诉讼将继续进行。诉讼指控特朗普基金会的运作是为了满足特朗普的个人和商业利益,并为他的总统竞选活动提供支持。艾米·史柏塔莉是安德伍德的发言人。

艾米·史柏塔莉:特朗普基金会不过是一个支票簿,服务于特朗普的商业和政治利益。

奥弗比:她介绍了解散基金会的目标。

史柏塔莉:要确保基金会银行账户上的剩余资金捐给真正为慈善目的服务的合法组织。

奥弗比:特朗普于1987年成立了这家基金会。一般来说,这种慈善基金会是有钱人用部分财富来做善事的一种方法。特朗普基金会的律师艾伦·福特法斯表示,过去10年,基金会56%的捐款来自特朗普的富人朋友和其他捐赠者。《华盛顿邮报》记者大卫·法伦胡德曾凭借对特朗普基金会的报道荣获普利策奖。他在2016年接受NPR《新鲜空气》节目主持人特里·格罗斯的采访时解释了特朗普的方法。

(电视节目音频)

大卫·法伦胡德:他所生活的这个世界,无论从社会层面还是商业层面来说,都不能不从事慈善事业,因为他的社交生活围绕慈善舞会展开,而且他的大部分生意也涉及慈善。

奥弗比:法伦胡德说,从某种程度上来说特朗普的确有捐钱。

(电视节目音频)

法伦胡德:看起来基金会用于慈善的金额是最少的。

奥弗比:而基金会的大部分资金被用在更实用的地方。基金会购买了特朗普的一幅肖像画,随后悬挂在特朗普的高尔夫球场会所里,基金会还为特朗普牵涉的诉讼支付了和解费,除此之外,基金会还在2013年为佛罗里达州有影响力的政治家——佛州总检察长帕梅拉·邦迪——提供了一笔及时的政治捐款。当时,邦迪正在考虑是否对特朗普大学开展的未来地产投资家项目被控欺诈消费者一事展开调查。最后她决定不介入这起事件,之后她在记者上表示在接受这笔资金方面她没有任何不当行为。

(记者会音频)

帕梅拉·邦迪:没有任何不当之处,所以没有理由归还这笔资金。

奥弗比:但是慈善基金会不能提供政治捐款。特朗普基金会曾被美国国税局罚款2500美元。在2016年1月举行爱荷华州党团会议的前几晚,该基金会在政治领域的作用达到了巅峰。在特朗普竞选工作人员的指示下,基金会为退伍军人举办了一场慈善筹款活动。特朗普决定进行竞争性节目安排,来对抗他想避开的一场候选人辩论。

(音频档案)

唐纳德·特朗普总统:对我个人来说,这是好事还是坏事?我的选票是会增加还是会减少?没有人知道。谁会知道?但是对我们的退伍军人来说,你们会喜欢的,因为我们在一天内筹集到了500多万美元。

(欢呼)

奥弗比:罗伯特·魏斯曼是监督组织“社会公民”的主席,他说特朗普基金会进行的竞选活动预示了特朗普的执政方式。

罗伯特·魏斯曼:在他看来,规则可以被忽略,他可以利用任何公司结构、法律结构和法律办公室推动他狭隘的个人利益——这就是特朗普总统任期的主题。

奥弗比:特朗普基金会的律师艾伦·福特法斯今天发表了一份声明,抱怨称特朗普家族近两年来一直在试图解散特朗普基金会,但是被总检察长办公室阻止了。现在有一份不同的计划。特朗普基金会的剩余资金将捐给一些非营利组织,获捐组织名单由基金会提出,但是要得到总检察长办公室的批准。NPR新闻,彼得·奥弗比华盛顿报道。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/12/NPR20124421so.html