CNN10分钟新闻[翻译]:第73届联合国大会开幕 关注一系列全球热点话题

发表时间:2018-11-05内容来源:VOA英语学习网

The 193 numbers of the United Nations are gathering right now. Starting on Tuesday, the International Organization is kicking off it's 73rd Session.

This has been called the biggest world stage. Leaders from all over the planet speak here. It's like a museum for the art of diplomacy. Global tensions are brought up. Sometimes they heat up at the General Assembly. This is the only branch of the U.N. where every member country has equal representation, one country, one vote.

But not every world leader will actually be attending the session. Chinese President and Russian President aren't scheduled to be at this meeting. They'll send delegates. Still issues that concern these countries like North Korea's nuclear program and Syria's civil war are sure to be discussed. The 2015 Iran Nuclear Agreement is also on the docket. Pretty much anything that's a major concern of this 193 member organization can be brought up at the U.N. General Assembly.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's the United Nations. Meeting place for most of the world's countries from the most power such as the United States, China, and Russia to the smallest and most vulnerable. For 68 years, the U.N. has been involved in everything from assisting refugees to negotiating peace among nations. Of all the languages in the world, the U.N. uses six to communicate, Al-'Arabiyya, Zhong-Wen, English, France, Ruotsi and Espanol. In some combination of those six, the U.N. deliberates on global issues.

For judicial matters, they look to the International Court of Justice. The Economic and Social Council otherwise known as ECOSOC deals with, you guessed it, the world's economic, social and environmental issues. The Trusteeship Council helps countries become self-governed and independent while the Secretariat, another part of the U.N. family tackles day to day issues that include keeping the press informed. Where I'm standing is one of the more recognizable places in the U.N., the Security Council. It determines threats to international peace and works to solve those problems right here in this chamber.

A gift from Norway in 1952 and on top of that, this council selects the Secretary General who is then formally appointed by the General Assembly, the main representative body of the U.N. The G.A. as it's called, meets from September to December every year but the worlds problems don't exactly follow the calendar. The U.N. has to operate year around and one of the ways they're staying current is through social media. And you can follow the organization in any of it's official languages.

联合国193个成员国齐聚一堂。国际组织联合国将从周二开始召开第73届会议。

这被称为最大的国际舞台。世界各国领导人将在会议上发表讲话。这就像是外交艺术的博物馆。会议上会提出全球紧张局势等问题。有时联合国大会的气氛会很热烈。联合国大会是联合国唯一一个所有会员国拥有平等代表权的机构,每一会员国都有一个投票权。

但是,并不是所有世界领导人都会出席这届会议。中国国家主席和俄罗斯总统将不会出席。他们将派代表参加。朝鲜核武器和叙利亚内战等备受关注的问题肯定会在会上讨论。2015年签署的伊朗核协议也将进行讨论。基本上193个成员国关心的主要问题都会在联合国大会上进行讨论。

身份不明的男性:这里是联合国。世界大多数国家将在这里举行会谈,这些国家既包括美国、中国和俄罗斯等强国,也包括最小且最脆弱的国家。68年来,联合国一直在参与各项事务,从帮助难民到协商各国之间的和平。在世界上所有语言中,联合国使用六种语言作为交流语言,分别为:阿拉伯语、中文、英语、法语、俄语和西班牙语。联合国用这6种语言商议全球问题。

国际法庭负责司法问题。经济和社会理事会(简称ECOSOC)处理——你猜对了——全球经济、社会和环境问题。托管理事会帮助各国成为自治和独立的国家,而联合国家族中另一个机构秘书处则处理日常事务,这包括向新闻界发布消息。我现在在联合国较知名的一个机构前面,这个机构是安全理事会。该机构负责确定国际和平面临的威胁,并在这个会议厅里着手解决这些问题。

这个会议厅是挪威在1952年送给联合国的礼物,除此之外,安理会要选举秘书长,之后联合国大会会正式任命秘书长,联合国大会是联合国的主要代表机构。联合国大会于每年9月至12月举行会议,但是世界问题并不会按照这一日程发生。联合国必须全年运作,而他们所采用的关注最新消息的其中一个方式就是社交媒体。大家可以以任意一种官方语言关注该机构。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/11/cnn20180920_5953198E4m.html