CNN10分钟新闻:美国中期选举在即 驴象之战开打

发表时间:2018-11-06内容来源:VOA英语学习网

Today, Monday, September 17, is exactly 50 days away from the 2018 U.S. midterm elections. Americans aren't choosing a president this year. These elections are called midterms because they happen in the middle of a president's four-year term. What voters are choosing are the representatives in Congress as well as candidates for state and local offices.

Currently, members from President Donald Trump's political party, the Republican Party, control both the House of Representatives and the Senate.

In the House, there are 435 voting members, Republicans hold 236 seats, Democrats hold 193, and there are six vacancies that haven't been filled yet. Since Representatives are elected every two years, that includes the midterms and every one of these seats is up for election this year.

In the Senate, there are 100 members, Republicans hold 51 seats, Democrats hold 47 seats, and independents who usually vote with the Democrats hold two seats. Senators are elected every six years, so about a third of these seats, 35, are up for election this year.

In general lawmakers who are in the same party as the president tend to lose seats in the midterm elections regardless of who the president is.

And the reason why the House and Senate get so much attention is because their make-up can affect the president's ability to get legislative goals accomplished. So, with the battle lines drawn, the big questions in this year's midterms are, will Republicans hold on to their control in both the House and Senate? Or will Democrats take control of one or both chambers? We'll find out on November 6th with Americans watching as organizations like CNN project results from each state.

今天是9月17日星期一,现在距离2018美国中期选举还有整整50天的时间。今年美国不会举行总统选举。即将举行的这些选举被称为中期选举,这是因为它们在总统四年任期中间举行。选民将选举出国会众议员、州政府办公室以及地方政府办公室的候选人。

目前,唐纳德·特朗普总统所在政党共和党成员控制着国会众议院和参议院。

现在众议院有435名拥有投票权的议员,共和党掌控236个席位,民主党掌控193个席位,目前还有6个空缺席位没有填补。众议员每两年改选一次,这包括中期选举,今年众议员所有席位都要进行改选。

现在参议院有100名参议员,共和党控制151个席位,民主党控制47个席位,通常在投票时支持民主党的自由议员掌控2个席位。参议员每6年改选一次,今年有约三分之一的参议员席位要进行改选。

一般来说,与总统在同一个政党的议员往往会在中期选举中损失席位,无论总统是谁。

众议院和参议院获得如此多关注的原因是,参众两院的构成可以影响总统实现立法目标的能力。因此,战线已经明确,那今年中期选举的重要问题就在于,共和党能否守住他们对参众两院的掌控?或者民主党是否能夺得其中一个议院的控制权?目前美国民众正在关注CNN等机构对各州选举结果的预测,具体结果将在11月6日见分晓。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/11/cnn20180919_2925957AGr.html