VOA常速[翻译]:最近40年,哺乳动物、鸟类和鱼类数量减少60%

发表时间:2018-11-05内容来源:VOA英语学习网

The statistics are stark and alarming. Populations of mammals, of birds, of fish declines between 1970 and the year 2014 by 60 percent globally. And in fresh water, habitats, the figure is some 83 percent. And it’s no surprise that human activity is mainly to blame.

Human activity is the driver of the declines we’re seeing, primarily our demand, our increasing demand for food, energy, water. That activity is driving climate change, but the authors say there are lessons we can learn from how the world came together to act on curbing greenhouse gases. We think about how the world responded to the climate threat and forged a pact in Paris in 2015 to address climate change. We need a similar deal at the global level for people in nature.

And Cesareo points the success stories like the giant pandas’ recovery and the rising population of tigers in the wild as proof that what is happening is reversible. The report is very sobering.

I think the, the message is also that it’s not too late to course-correct. Life is resilient. It bounces back and so if we take concerted action, we can reverse these trends, and ensure a living planet for future generations. To help life bounce back, the World Wildlife Fund is calling on governments to sign onto a Convention on Biological Diversity in 2020. It creates a pathway to conserve the world’s wild places and reverse the planet’s shrinking biodiversity. And it has set targets for things like area, percentage of area to be protected under pacts, and indigenous reserves, and other types of community conserved areas. The WWF says all of the resources the earth provides us in terms of food, lumber and energy for instance all told are worth about 125 trillion dollars a year. The goal now is to find a way to make all that rich, natural biodiversity sustainable and available for generations to come.

Kevin Enochs VOA news.

赤裸裸的数据令人触目惊心。很多哺乳动物、鸟类和鱼类的族群在1970-2014年间数量减少了60%,全球范围内都是如此。在淡水和各种栖息地里,这一数据是83%。意料之中的是,人类活动是主要原因。

人类活动导致了当前生物数量的减少,这主要是因为我们对食物、能源和水资源的需求日益上升。人类活动导致气候变化,但很多人发文称我们能学到一些知识,比如全球如何暗中一些遏制温室气体的增加。我们想到全球是如何为了应对气候威胁而在2015年制定《巴黎公约》以抗击气候变化的。我们需要全球层面上类似的协议来规范身处于大自然中的我们。

塞萨雷奥指出,一些成功的例子(比如大熊猫重现、野生虎类数量增多)都表明,现在还“有”力回天。这份报告振聋发聩。

我认为,报告传递的信息还有:亡羊补牢,为时未晚。生命是有弹性的。既然数量可以增多,那我们就要合力采取行动,扭转局势,确保子孙后代可以在生机勃勃的星球上生活。为了提升动物数量,世界野生动物基金会呼吁各国政府签订2020年《生物多样性公约》。该公约可以开辟一条道路,保护野生动物的栖息环境,扭转地球生物多样性缩减的局势。该公约制定了目标,要求一定比例的对象(如面积)受到保护。此外还有本土保护区等社区保护区域。世界野生动物基金会表示,地球每年为我们提供的所有资源(比如食物、、木材和能源)加在一起的价值达到近125万亿美元。现在的目是寻找方法让这富饶的自然多样性实现可持续,让子孙后代可以享用。

感谢收听凯文发回的VOA报道。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/11/Normal05101758ws.html