[by:www.Tingvoa.com - VOA英语网]


[00:00.10]Humanitarian aid workers are often the target of armed groups in conflict areas.

[00:05.40]Recently in Nigeria, Boko Haram militants killed two aid workers they had kidnapped.

[00:13.13]In the Democratic Republic of Congo,

[00:16.36]civilians threw stones at health workers fighting the spread of Ebola Virus Disease.

[00:22.63]One day earlier, rebels shot and killed two Congolese army medical workers.

[00:29.87]A research group called Humanitarian Outcomes has examined records

[00:36.28]documenting the problem.

[00:37.95]It says 139 aid workers were killed worldwide in 2017.

[00:44.72]Another 102 were wounded, while 72 others were kidnapped.

[00:51.89]The group says most attacks against aid workers took place in South Sudan,

[00:59.20]Syria, Afghanistan and the Central African Republic.

[01:04.95]Already this year, over 80 aid workers have been killed.

[01:10.80]The findings were published in the report of a project of Humanitarian Outcomes,

[01:17.50] called the Aid Worker Security Database.

[01:20.07]The London-based group says the kidnapping of aid workers

[01:26.14]by armed groups is becoming increasingly common.

[01:29.72]Abby Stoddard is a partner with Humanitarian Outcomes.

[01:35.76]She says it noted an increase a few years ago in attacks involving the Taliban in Afghanistan.

[01:42.46]Taliban militants would detain and question aid workers.

[01:48.20]The Taliban would then release them a few days later after negotiations with local officials.

[01:55.13]Stoddard told VOA, "It has a lot to do with showing they are the boss

[02:01.89] in that area by intimidating aid groups,

[02:04.38] including local and national organizations who do a lot of the aid work."

[02:10.53]In South Sudan, armed groups appear to be targeting national aid groups,

[02:16.61]not international non-governmental organizations.

[02:20.81]Armed groups kidnapped 26 local aid workers last year,

[02:25.35]with at least 17 others kidnapped this year.

[02:29.13]Humanitarian groups have been exploring ways to cut down on attacks

[02:35.67]against aid workers.

[02:36.27]Today some groups are more likely to move goods in unmarked vehicles,

[02:42.92]use more than one vehicle when transporting aid or take local taxis.

[02:48.81]They also avoid road travel at night, work in secure, gated communities,

[02:54.70] keep up radio communications with headquarters and examine security reports.

[03:00.64]Some groups say one difficulty in protecting aid workers is identifying

[03:07.12]and negotiating with the leaders of armed groups.

[03:13.03]A study by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[03:15.78]noted that more than 40 percent of conflicts worldwide involved between three and 10 groups.

[03:23.51]Many groups have no strong central leadership.

[03:27.59]Their members also have little training in treating civilians and often

[03:33.93] do not observe international humanitarian law.

[03:36.96]In answer, the ICRC has created a plan for aid agencies to help identify leaders

[03:46.12] with whom they can negotiate.

[03:48.20]The ICRC seeks to find common ground between human rights law

[03:54.83]and local traditions that influence armed groups.

[03:58.50]For example, it found that two militant groups in Mali are influenced

[04:05.42] by Islamic religious law and local courts.

[04:08.49]Brian McQuinn is an advisor working with the ICRC.

[04:14.57]McQuinn says Islamic law has its own rules on behavior during conflict,

[04:21.93]including the treatment of prisoners.

[04:24.40]He adds that the similarities between Islamic law and international humanitarian law

[04:32.19]can help with the protection of aid delivery, aid workers and hospitals.

[04:38.27]The ICRC is testing the process of identifying and working with armed group leaders in South Sudan.

[04:48.15]It plans to expand the process to other areas in the future.

[04:54.65]I'm Jonathan Evans.


来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/11/Humanitarian-Groups-Seek-Ways-to-Reduce-Attacks-on-Aid-Worke.html