NPR新闻[翻译]:默克尔宣布将不再寻求连任总理

发表时间:2018-10-31内容来源:VOA英语学习网

In Germany, Angela Merkel has announced that she will not seek another term as chancellor and will also not seek re-election as head of her Christian Democratic Party. That is a post she has held for 18 years. And the decision to step aside signals the beginning of the end of Merkel's political career and tenure as the most powerful woman in European politics. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson is one of our correspondents based in Europe. She has covered much of Merkel's political career and joins me now. Hi, Soraya.

SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Good morning, David.

GREENE: So a significant moment here. Merkel speaking to the nation about her decision. What is she saying?

NELSON: She sounded very steady, and she looked a little sad. But she said that, as she said before, she was not born chancellor, that it has been a daily honor but also a daily challenge to serve as chancellor for the past 13 years and as head of her party for the last 18. But that it was time to move aside, to listen to what citizens had to say. And that is that they have a lack of faith in her government. And so she's stepping aside to make room for the next generation.

GREENE: Well, I feel like you and I have talked countless times about Merkel and some of the challenges and calling her at times embattled. I mean, she and her government have been in trouble since she was welcoming refugees to Germany in large numbers back in 2015, right? So why is — why have we arrived at this moment now? What's different?

NELSON: Well, there's been a steady chipping away at her support basically on a national level but also in regional elections. This has really dogged her and her party and her allies, especially — the most recent ones we can talk about were last night's election — or yesterday's election, I should say, in Hesse, which is where Frankfurt is, the big financial center, and also two weeks before in Bavaria. Some serious losses where in last night's or — the count basically — her party barely is hanging onto power with a coalition of greens. And in Bavaria, they — I mean, it's also really shaken up the Bavarian allies of Mrs. Merkel, which are the Christian Social Union members — the Bavarian conservatives, if you will.

GREENE: Soraya, I mean, she's been so central to European politics. It's hard to imagine European politics without her. I mean, what is the reaction so far to this decision?

NELSON: Well, the stocks have gone down. I mean, this is something that's definitely going to send a very strong ripple effect across Europe. People are — they knew this was coming. But again, she had never announced it until today. So this is going to make it very difficult for Brussels, for example, to push through its plans to try and integrate the union more. This is probably not going to help the Brexit situation — those negotiations that are going on. I mean, she is the strongest leader there. And she's also been someone who's helped forge consensus. And she's in an incredibly weakened position now even though technically what she's saying is this isn't going to happen until 2021. You know, she's not going to seek re-election until — in 2021 and that she's basically going to remain in power until then. But she's a lame duck at this point.

GREENE: Any talk of who her likely successor might be?

NELSON: Well, even though she hasn't really said who she wants, what political insiders have told various media is her — the CDU General Secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. She's a 56-year-old who's — someone who many would like to see take her place. But there are also other people like the health minister, who's much more conservative and actually a good friend of the U.S. ambassador to Berlin, and also a political opponent of her's, Friedrich Merz, who has not been into politics for a while now. So yeah. So they're — it's a big open question mark as to who's next.

GREENE: All right. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson on this big announcement from Angela Merkel. Soraya, thanks as always.

NELSON: You're welcome, David.

参考译文:

德国总理安格拉·默克尔宣布,她将不再寻求连任总理,也不再寻求连任基督教民主联盟(基民盟)党魁。默克尔已领导基民盟18年。这一卸任决定标志着默克尔的政治生涯及其作为欧洲政坛最有影响力女性的地位即将终结。索拉亚·莎哈迪·纳尔逊是NPR新闻驻欧洲的其中一名记者。她报道了默克尔的大部分政治生涯,现在她将和我们连线。你好,索拉亚。

索拉亚·莎哈迪·纳尔逊连线:早上好,大卫。

格林:这是德国的重要时刻。默克尔向德国宣布了她的决定。她说了什么?

纳尔逊:她的声音听起来很平稳,但是她看起来有些悲伤。如她之前所说,她说她不是生来就是总理,担任总理的13年和担任基民党党魁的18年,对她来说每天都会感到荣幸,但同时每天也会感受到挑战。现在是时候让位了,是时候听取民众的意见了。德国民众对默克尔领导的政府缺乏信心。因此,她将卸任,让位给下一代领导层。

格林:你和我谈论过无数次默克尔,以及她面临的挑战和有时陷入的困境。自2015年允许大量难民进入德国以来,她和她领导的政府一直处于困境之中,对吧?那为什么她现在宣布不再连任?会有何不同?

纳尔逊:基本上来说,她在德国全国范围和地区选举中的支持率一直在不断下滑。这令她、她领导的基民党以及她的盟友饱受困扰,最近的一个例子是黑森州昨晚或者说昨天举行的选举,重要的金融中心法兰克福就位于黑森州境内,当然两周前举行的巴伐利亚州选举也是例证之一。默克尔的基民盟在昨晚损失惨重,该党要和绿党联盟才能勉强保住统治地位。同样,巴伐利亚州的选举结果也动摇了默克尔在该州的盟友的地位,即巴伐利亚州保守党基督教社会联盟。

格林:索拉亚,默克尔一直是欧洲政坛的中心人物。很难想象没有默克尔的欧洲政坛。外界对这一决定有何反应?

纳尔逊:股票下跌。这肯定是会在整个欧洲引发强烈连锁反应的事件。人们知道这一天会来临。但是,她在今天之前并未宣布过这一决定。这将使布鲁塞尔很难推行计划并尽力整合联盟。这可能也会影响英国脱欧形势,目前英国脱欧谈判正在进行中。默克尔是这一谈判中最强大的领袖。她也是那个帮助各方达成共识的人。而现在她的地位已被大幅削弱,尽管严格来说,她表示她将继续担任总理直到2021年任期结束。她在2021年总理任期结束后不会再寻求连任,所以她将继续任职到那时。不过她现在是“跛脚鸭”。

格林:她有没有提到可能的继任人选?

纳尔逊:尽管她没有说她希望的人选,但是政界人士对不同的媒体表示,基督教民主联盟(CDU)秘书长安娜格莱特·克朗普·卡伦鲍尔可能是继任人选。卡伦鲍尔今年56岁,许多人希望她接替默克尔。不过还有其他人选,比如德国卫生部长弗里德里希·梅尔兹,他要更保守一些,他是美国驻柏林大使的好友,也是默克尔的政治对手,他进入政坛的时间并不长。当然,默克尔的继任人选目前是重要的未决问题。

格林:好。以上是NPR新闻的索拉亚·莎哈迪·纳尔逊就德国总理安格拉·默克尔的重大声明进行的报道。索拉亚,谢谢你。

纳尔逊:不客气,大卫。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/10/npr20181030_4358318fni.html