[by:www.Tingvoa.com - VOA英语网]


[00:00.10]Haitians are worried about changes

[00:04.79]taking place in the Little Haiti area of Miami, Florida.

[00:08.97]Little Haiti is considered “the cultural heart of the Haitian diaspora”

[00:15.95] in the United States.

[00:17.30]Many Haitians fled from their homeland and sailed to the U.S. mainland in the 1980s.

[00:24.59]Some of them established the Little Haiti neighborhood in Florida's largest city.

[00:31.89]Today the energetic neighborhood is filled with Haitian-owned businesses,

[00:38.68] including restaurants and stores selling works of art.

[00:43.17]On Saturdays, music from Haiti and other Caribbean countries

[00:49.26] fills the air outside Little Haiti's Caribbean Marketplace.

[00:55.10]People buy and enjoy tasty treats from local eateries.

[00:59.56]Farther down the sidewalk,

[01:02.38]a group of girls and women in traditional Creole clothing work on dance moves.

[01:08.75]Often there are artists busy creating paintings, and performances by musicians.

[01:16.17]Today many locals are concerned

[01:19.89] about efforts to expand and develop parts of the colorful neighborhood.

[01:26.44]They note how wealthy individuals seem to be buying up property and displacing poor people.

[01:34.25]They fear that this gentrification will lead to Haitian culture and people disappearing from the area.

[01:42.60]"Because of gentrification - it's the only thing that we have so we're trying

[01:49.58] to keep this going, said Hoppy Duroseau, who lives in Little Haiti.

[01:54.94]Born in St.Louis du Nord, Haiti, Duroseau immigrated to the United States at age four.

[02:03.31]He is now involved with marketing for the Caribbean Marketplace on social media.

[02:10.24]"We want to keep it busy all the time because if not -

[02:15.28]then we'll lose this place and we'll no longer have Little Haiti,” he said.

[02:21.49]“Little Haiti is the only one in the world.

[02:24.69]So we need to keep this."

[02:26.66]To slow these changes,

[02:28.57]some Haitians hope to see the Caribbean Marketplace operate seven days a week.

[02:35.48]They believe this would help support the community economically.

[02:42.52]Over the years, the Little Haiti neighborhood has become popular with non-Haitians.

[02:48.80]Some land developers say the area

[02:51.68] is desirable because of it sits on higher ground overlooking other parts of Miami.

[02:57.94]This makes the land less susceptible to flooding and rising sea levels.

[03:04.06]In 2016, rental prices on office space climbed as much as 50 percent.

[03:11.91]Many Haitian-owned businesses were forced to close because of the rising costs.

[03:18.21]A local woman named Myrlande sells food at the Caribbean Marketplace.

[03:24.81]She told VOA she is among the Haitians directly affected by gentrification.

[03:31.70]"It's a dead zone; nothing is going on.

[03:35.97]Haitians have pretty much left the neighborhood," she said.

[03:41.67]"I - myself had a business in the neighborhood and the rent went up

[03:46.18] so high that I was forced to leave…

[03:49.23]That is why we've lost almost all the Haitian-owned businesses in the community.

[03:56.09]That's why we are trying to have them open the Caribbean Marketplace every day

[04:02.86] so we can have a place to call home…"

[04:05.41]David C.Brown wrote a book called The History of Little Haiti: Featuring Its Pioneers.

[04:13.50]He says the area is special because of the values and strength

[04:18.57] of the Haitians who moved there.

[04:19.60]"…Those values that I see so clearly that shone through in the Haitian spirit

[04:25.88]are the values of family, education and work ethic,” he added.

[04:31.72]“Those are the three values that have helped to raise the bar of this immigrant community."

[04:38.82]The marketplace is home to many different vendors

[04:41.96] who each add their own personality to the neighborhood.

[04:45.61]Roe Michel sells t-shirts and other clothing with colorful printed images.

[04:52.06]Michel immigrated to the United States from Haiti at the age of two with his parents.

[04:59.83]He feels Haitians have the ability to survive anything.

[05:05.61]Michel shows this sense of pride through the clothes he sells.

[05:11.65]His products are called Vintage 1804. The name is based, in part,

[05:17.33] on the year Haitian slaves declared their independence

[05:21.07] from France and became the first free black nation in the Western Hemisphere.

[05:28.06]One of his T-shirts shows heroes of the war for independence,

[05:33.91]such as Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Toussaint Louverture, and Alexandre Petion.

[05:41.24]Often there are artists painting for the public and live music concerts.

[05:47.13]Even with the difficulties of gentrification,

[05:51.99]Haitians like Myrlande hope the marketplace can continue to provide

[05:58.75] support to the community.

[05:59.53]"Business today was not bad at all,

[06:02.32]but I just wish we could have the same amount of people every Saturday," Myrlande said.

[06:08.99]"Although I didn't make a lot of money today, I'm satisfied, I'm happy."

[06:16.11]I'm Phil Dierking.更多英语听力资料,请访问www.tingvoa.com,手机站m.tingvoa.com。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/04/Making-Miamis-Little-Haiti-Neighborhood-Great-Again.html